Effect of Organic Liquid Manure of Kunapajala on Growth and Yield of Bhindi [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench.]

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-5083    | Article Id: D-5083 | Page : 270-274
Citation :- Effect of Organic Liquid Manure of Kunapajala on Growth and Yield of Bhindi [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench.].Agricultural Science Digest.2020.(40):270-274
S.R. Kavya, K. Ushakumari srkavyaa@gmail.com
Address : Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, College of Agriculture, Vellayani, Thiruvananthapuram-695 522, Kerala, India.
Submitted Date : 11-11-2019
Accepted Date : 14-01-2020


Kunapajala is a fermented liquid organic manure mentioned in Vrikshayurvedha and now a days popular among farmers. A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the soil and foliar efficacy of 2% and 5% herbal and non- herbal Kunapajala on plant growth by using bhindi. Kunapajala treatment was compared with inorganic fertilizers, Panchagavya and fish amino acid. Foliar application of 5% non-herbal Kunapajala recorded the highest growth and yield attributes such as plant height (124.4 cm), number of branches (3.73), leaf area index (1.42) , dry matter production (3845.51 kg ha-1, number of fruits per plant (25.5), length of fruits (15.24 cm), girth of fruits (7.22 cm), average fruit weight (20.8 g)  and yield (20.78 t ha-1) .  


Bhindi Fish amino acid Kunapajala Panchagavya Yield


  1. Ali, M.N., Chakraborty, S. and Paramanik, A. (2012). Enhancing the shelf life of kunapajala and shasyagavya and their effects on crop yield. International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management. 3: 289-294.
  2. Ankad, M.G., Hiremath, J., Patil, R.T. and Hedge, G.V. (2017). Evaluation of kunapajala and panchagavya on plant quality, physiology, biochemistry, yield and growth attributes: A case study of Withania somnifera Dun. Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine. 30: 1-5.
  3. Brajeshwar (2002). Effect of different agronomic practices on Senna (Cassia angustifolia Vahl.). M.Sc. thesis, Gujarat Ayurveda University, Jamnagar. pp. 124.
  4. Dhanalakshmi, V.N. (2017). Validation of liquid organic manures and their effect on crop productivity. M.Sc. (Ag) thesis, Kerala Agriculture University, Thrissur. pp. 75. 
  5. Deshmukh, R.S., Patil, N.A. and Nikam, T.D. (2012). Influence of kunapajala treatment from vrikshayurveda on leaves of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L. cv. Selection 22) and its comparison with conventional farming and organic farming. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy. 2: 55-63.
  6. Krishnan, R.V. (2014). Nutrient management in organic farming of cucumber Cucumis sativus L). M.Sc. (Ag) thesis, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur. pp. 109.
  7. Mishra, P.K. (2007). Effect of kunapa jalam vrikshyurveda on growth of paddy. Indian Journal of Traditional. Knowledge. 6: 307-310.
  8. Muthuvel. (2002). Effect of organics on growth and yield of bhindi var. Varsh Uphar. In: Glory of Gomatha. Proceedings of a National conference, Tirupati andhra Pradesh. S.V. Veterinary University, Tirupati andhra Pradesh. pp. 143-148.
  9. Parvathy, S.U. (2017). Characterization and evaluation of on-farm liquid organic manures on soil health and crop nutrition. Ph.D. thesis, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur. pp. 101.
  10. Sarkar, S., Kundu. S. S. and Ghorai, D. 2013. Validation of ancient liquid organics panchagavya and kunapajala as plant growth promoters. Indian Journal of Traditional. Knowledge. 13: 398-403.
  11. Vemaraju, A. (2014). Liquid formulations for production of organic oriental pickling melon (Cucumis melo var. common L.). M.Sc. (Ag) thesis, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur. pp. 80.

Global Footprints