Agricultural Science Digest

  • Chief EditorArvind kumar

  • Print ISSN 0253-150X

  • Online ISSN 0976-0547

  • NAAS Rating 5.52

  • SJR 0.156

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Agricultural Science Digest, volume 39 issue 4 (december 2019) : 306-310

Effect of Sowing Dates and Varieties on Yield and Quality Performance of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Mohammad Yusuf, Satish Kumar, A.K. Dhaka, Bhagat Singh, Axay Bhuker
1Department of Agronomy, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004, Haryana, India.
Cite article:- Yusuf Mohammad, Kumar Satish, Dhaka A.K., Singh Bhagat, Bhuker Axay (2019). Effect of Sowing Dates and Varieties on Yield and Quality Performance of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Agricultural Science Digest. 39(4): 306-310. doi: 10.18805/ag.D-4977.
A field experiment conducted during Rabi season of 2017-18 at wheat research farm of CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, India to study the effect of sowing dates and varieties on yield and quality performance of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). The experiment was laid out in split plot design with three replications containing four sowing dates viz. 5th November, 25th November, 15th December and 5th January as main plot treatments and seven wheat varieties i.e. HS 562, HD 2967, HD 3086, HI 1544, MACS 6222, WR 544 and WH 1105 as sub plot treatments. On the basis of one year study it was concluded that among sowing dates, 5th November sowing is the most economical and suitable than rest of the sowing dates. 5th November sown crop recorded significantly longer spike (11.7 cm), higher number of effective tillers (98.3 per mrl), grains per spike (48.6), test weight (39.9 g), grain appearance score (8.3), hectoliter weight (82.9 kg/hl), grain yield (5432 kg ha-1) and harvest index (39.0%) compared to rest of the sowing dates, while highest protein content (12.9 %) was observed with 5th January sown crop. Maximum net return (Rs.54, 262 ha-1) and B: C (1.73) were recorded with 5th November sowing. Among the varieties, HI 1544 recorded significantly higher number of effective tillers (94.6 per mrl), grains per spike (48.4), test weight (38.6 g), grain yield (4920 kg ha-1) harvest index (39.2), grain appearance score (8.1) and hectoliter weight (82.0 kg/hl), while variety WH 1105 resulted in longer spike (11.5 cm) and WR 544 in higher protein content (12.6 %) as compared to rest of the varieties. While comparing the interaction of varieties with date of sowing, HI 1544 produced significantly higher grain higher yield (6007 kg ha-1) of wheat sown at 5th November which was statistically at par with WH 1105 (5833 kg ha-1) and HD 3086 (5616 kg ha-1) at same date of sowing. Delayed sowing of HI 1544 from 5th November to 25th November reduced the grain yield by 9.1 per cent; to 15th of December by 21.0 per cent and to 5th January by 42.3 per cent. 
  1. Amrawat, T., Solanki, N. S., Sharma, S. K., Jajoria, D. K. and Dotaniya, M. L. (2013). Phenology growth and yield of wheat in relation to agrometeorological indices under different sowing dates. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 8: 6366-6374.
  2. Anonymous, (1993). Quality results of co-ordinated experiments. (In) Progress Report, (1992-93), AICWIP, Directorate of Wheat Research, Karnal, pp. 22-24.
  3. Anonymous, (2017).Progress report of all India Coordinated Wheat and Barely Improvement Project 2016-17, Director’s report. Ed. G.P. Singh, ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barely Research, Karnal, India.
  4. Bachhao, K.S., Kolekar, P.T., Nawale, S.S. and Kadlag, A.D.(2018). Response of different wheat varieties to different sowing    dates. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 7: 2178-2180.
  5. Baloch, M. S., Nadim, M.A., Zubair, M.U.H.A.M.M.A.D., Awan, I.U., Khan, E.A. and Ali, S.A.J.I.D. (2012). Evaluation of wheat under normal and late sowing conditions. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 44: 1727-1732.
  6. Coventry, D. R., Gupta, R. K., Yadav, A., Poswal, R. S., Chhokar, R. S., Sharma, R. K., Kleemann, S. G. L. (2011). Wheat quality and productivity as affected by varieties and sowing time in Haryana, India. Field Crops Research. 123: 214-225.
  7. Eslami, H., Hadi, S.M. and Arabi, M.K. (2014). Effect of planting date on protein content of wheat varieties. International Journal of Farming Allied Sciences. 3: 362-364.
  8. Gupta, S., Singh, R. K., Sinha, N. K., Singh, A. and Shahi, U.P. (2017). Effect of different sowing dates on growth and yield attributes of wheat in Udham Singh Nagar District of Uttarakhand, India. Plant Archives. 17: 232-236.
  9. Hussain, M., Mehmood, Z., Khan, M. B., Farooq, S., Dong-Jin, L. and Farooq, M. (2012). Narrow row spacing ensures higher productivity of low tillering wheat cultivars. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 14.
  10. ICAR-IIWBR (2017). Director’s Report of AICRP on Wheat and Barley. (2016-2017). Ed: G.P. Singh. ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research, Kernal, Haryana, India. pp. 87.
  11. Jat, L.K., Singh, S.K., Latare, A.M., Singh, R.S. and Patel, C.B. (2013).Effect of dates of sowing and fertilizer on growth and yield of wheat (Triticumaestivum L.) in an Inceptisol of Varanasi. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 58: 168-171.
  12. Kamrozzaman, M.M., Khan, M.A.H., Ahmed, S. and Sultana, N. (2016). Growth and yield of wheat at different dates of sowing under chrl and ecosystem of Bangladesh. Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University. 14: 147-154.
  13. Kaur, A., Pannu, R.K. and Buttar, G.S. (2010). Quality of wheat (Triticumaestivum L.) as influenced by sowing dates and nitrogen scheduling. Indian Journal of Agriculture Science. 80:781-85.
  14. Kaur, C. (2017). Performance of wheat varieties under late and very late sowing conditions. International Journal of Current Microbiology Applied Sciences. 6: 3488-3492.
  15. Mahajan, A. Y., Mohite, A. B., Jadhav, Y. R. and Patil, J. B. (2018). Effect of varieties (Triticumaestivum L.) under extended sowing times on yield, protein content, nutrient uptake and soil properties of wheat. IJCS. 6: 55-58.
  16. Mukherjee, D. (2012). Effect of different sowing dates on growth and yield of wheat (Triticumaestivum L.) cultivars under mid hill situation of West Bengal. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 57: 152-156.
  17. Nahar, K., Ahmad, K. and Fujita, M. (2010). Phenological variation and its relation with yield in several wheat (Triticumaestivum L.) cultivars under normal and late sowing mediated heat stress condition. Notulae Scientia Biologicae. 2: 51-56.
  18. Punia, S., Sandhu, K. S. and Siroha, A. K. (2017). Difference in protein content of wheat (Triticumaestivum L.): Effect on functional, pasting, color and antioxidant properties. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences.
  19. Singh, B., Kumar, M. and Dhaka, A.K. (2018). Relationship of temperature based meteorological indices with phenology and yield performance of wheat as influenced by swing times. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 7: 230-24.
  20. Spink, J.H., Kirby, E.J.M., Frost, D.L., Sylvester-Bradley, R., Scott, R.K., Foulkes, M.J. and Evans, E.J. (2000). Agronomic implications of variation in wheat development due to variety, sowing date, site and season. Plant Varieties and Seeds. 13: 91-108.
  21. Torbica, A. and Mastiloviæ, J. (2008). Influence of different factors on wheat proteins quality. Food and Feed research. 35: 47-52.
  22. Verma, N.S. (2015). Agronomic performance of new wheat varieties on different dates of sowing in Northern Madhya Pradesh. Thesis of Master’s degree. Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya. 
  23. Waheddullah., Dhaka, A.k., Kumar, S., Bhatia, J.K., Singh, B. and Ramprakash. (2018). Growth and yield performance of dual purpose wheat as influenced by sowing time and cutting schedule. International Journal of Chemical Studies. 6: 2611-2614.
  24. Wahid, A., Gelani, S., Ashraf, M. and Foolad, M. R. (2007). Heat tolerance in plants: an overview. Environmental and experimental Journal of botany. 61: 199-223.

Editorial Board

View all (0)