Economic Performance and Optimum Cropping Patternbased on Alternative Price Scenarios in Arid-Western Plain Zone of Rajasthan State

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-4923    | Article Id: D-4923 | Page : 169-176
Citation :- Economic Performance and Optimum Cropping Patternbased on Alternative Price Scenarios in Arid-Western Plain Zone of Rajasthan State.Agricultural Science Digest.2019.(39):169-176
MK Jangid, Latika Sharma, and GL Meena jangidmkindia2007@gmail.com
Address :
Department of Agricultural Economics and Management,  Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
Submitted Date : 2-04-2019
Accepted Date : 10-07-2019


The present investigation was undertaken to work out the economic performance and optimum cropping pattern based on alternative price scenarios in Arid-Western Plain Zone of Rajasthan state. In the present study, the unit-level cost of cultivation data of various crops for the triennium ending year 2013-14 which were collected from “Comprehensive Scheme to Study the Cost of Cultivation of Principal Crops in Rajasthan state. The performance of different crops was assessed by calculating net returns under three alternative price scenarios i.e. (i) Market prices (MP) (ii) Economic prices (EP) and (iii) Net income based on natural resource valuation technique (NRV). This study has considered subsidy as a cost to society. Similarly green house gas emissions from the crops have been taken as cost to the society and nitrogen fixation by leguminous crops have been taken as gain to the society. Results from the study shows that groundnut-barley combination of crop sequence was found the most remunerative in economic return generated over the year of `59418 per hectare followed by groundnut-vegetables (`53930/ha) and groundnut-gram (`52879/ha) combinations. Net gain to the farmers based on the alternative price scenarios viz. market, economic and natural resource valuation prices were estimated as `114.38 lakh, `114.45 lakh and `138.82 lakh, respectively. The overall gain to society has increased at economic prices by `49.39 lakh whereas it was decreased by `93.24 lakh at natural resource valuation due to the lack of cultivation of legume crops. The optimal plan is suggested that more area under cultivation of legume crops like groundnut, clusterbean and gram because of they are less water intensive and more environment friendly and thus have a positive impact on natural resource valuation with the existing water availability.


Economic performance Economic price and natural resource valuation Optimum cropping pattern Market price.


  1. Agriculture Statistics at a Glance. 2016. Government of Rajasthan. Available at: http://www.krishi.rajasthan.gov.in.
  2. Ahmad, N., Sinha, D.K. and Singh, K.M. 2018. Optimal use of agricultural land and water resources through reconfiguring crop plan for different agro-climatic zones of Bihar (India). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 7(1): 3397-3409
  3. Ballabh, V. 2003. Policies of water management and sustainable water use. India Journal of Agricultural Economics, 58 (3): 467-476.
  4. Burark, S.S., Sharma, L., Meena, G.L. and Jat, S. 2017. ICAR-Social Science Network Project Report “Regional Crop Planning for Improving Resource Use Efficiency and Sustainability in Rajasthan”. Department of Agricultural Economics and Management, RCA, MPUAT, Udaipur (Raj).
  5. Central Ground Water Board.2014. Dynamic ground water resources of India. Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation Government of India, New Delhi.
  6. Ghosh, S., Srivastava, S.K., Nayak, A.K., Panda, D.K., Nanda, P. and Kumar, A. 2014. Why impacts of irrigation on agrarian dynamism and livelihoods are contrasting? Evidence from Eastern India States. Irrigation and Drainage, 65 (3): 573-583.
  7. Gupta, S. 2009. Groundwater management in alluvial areas. Technical Paper in Special Session on Groundwater in the 5th Asian Regional Conference on INCID, December 9-11 at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi.
  8. Hussain, I., Hussain, Z., Sial, M.H., Akram, W., and Hussain, M.F. 2007. Optimal cropping pattern and water productivity: A case study of Punjab Canal. Journal of Agronomy, 6 (4), 526-533.
  9. IARI. 2014. GHG emission from Indian agriculture: trends, mitigation and policy needs. Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture, Indian Agriculture Research Institute, New Delhi, pp: 16.
  10. IIPR. 2003. Pulses in new perspective. In: Proceedings of the National Symposium on Crop Diversification and Natural Resource Management, Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur (U.P.), pp: 20-22.
  11. Kaur, B., Sidhu, R.S. and Vatta, K. 2010. Optimal crop plans for sustainable water use in Punjab. Agricultural Economic Research Review, 23: 273-284.
  12. Nagraj, N. and Chandrakanth, M.G. 1997. Intra and Inter Generational Equity Effects of Irrigation Well Failures. Economic and Political Weekly, 32 (13): 41-44.
  13. Peoples, M.B., Ladha, J.K. and Herridge, D.F. 1995. Enhancing Legume N2 Fixation though Plants and Soil Management. Development in Plant and Soil Sciences, 174: 83-101.
  14. Pradhan, K. K. (2012). A quantitative approach to profit optimization and constraints of mixed cropping pattern in Bargarh district of Western Orissa. International Journal of Advanced Research in Science and Technology, 1 (1), 81-85
  15. Raju, S.S., Chand, R., Srivastava, S.K., Kaur, A.P., Singh, J., Jain, R., Kingsly, I. and Kaur, P. 2015. Comparing performance of various crops in Punjab based on market and economic prices and natural resource accounting. Agricultural Economics Research Review, 28 (Conference Number): 189-198.
  16. Rohit, G.V. 2015. Economic optimum crop planning for resource use efficiency and sustainability in North-Eastern Dry Zone of Karnataka. M.Sc. Thesis (Unpublished), Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bengaluru.
  17. Sarkar, A. and Das, A. 2014. Groundwater irrigation-electricity-crop diversification nexus in Punjab: trends, turning points and policy initiatives. Economic and Political Weekly, 49 (52): 64-73.
  18. Srivastava, S. K., Srivastava, R. C., Sethi, R. R., Kumar, A. and Nayak, A. K. 2014. Accelerating groundwater and energy use for agricultural growth in Odisha: Technological and Policy Issues. Agricultural Economics Research Review, 27 (2): 259-270.
  19. Yadav, D.B., Gavali, A.V. and Kamble, B.H. 2017. ICAR-Social Science Network Project Report “Regional Crop Planning for Improving Resource Use Efficiency and Sustainability in Maharashtra”. Department of Agricultural Economics, MPKV, Rahuri (M.S.).

Global Footprints