Genetic Divergence Studies in Little Millet (Panicum sumatrense)

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-4903    | Article Id: D-4903 | Page : 210-214
Citation :- Genetic Divergence Studies in Little Millet (Panicumsumatrense).Agricultural Science Digest.2019.(39):210-214
T. Venkataratnam, L. Madhavi Latha, M. Reddi Sekhar, A.R. Nirmal Kumar lmlreddy36@gmail.com
Address :
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, S.V. Agricultural College, Tirupati-517502, Andhra Pradesh, India
Submitted Date : 7-03-2019
Accepted Date : 5-07-2019


Genetic diversity was estimated in 50 little millet genotypes by Mahalanobis D2 analysis for nine quantitative and eight physiological traits. In the present investigation based on D2 analysis fifty genotypes were grouped into 7 clusters. Among the different clusters cluster I had maximum number 35 genotypes followed by cluster II contains 10 and clusters III, IV, V, VI, VII were solitary. Inter cluster distances were higher than intra cluster distances indicating wider genetic diversity among the genotypes. The maximum inter cluster distance was observed between cluster IV and VII (131.19) followed by cluster II and IV (112.18) and cluster III and VII (104.28) indicated the existence of highly divergent genotypes. The genotypes from these clusters could be used as parents in hybridization programme to develop good recombinants. Days to 50% flowering, plant height, leaf area index at panicle initiation stage and 1000 seed weight contributed maximum towards genetic diversity. These traits could be given importance for selecting parents in crop improvement programme.


Genetic divergence Little millet Physiological traits Quantitative


  1. Anonymous, (2018). Andhra Pradesh Agricultural Statistics at a glance 2017-18.
  2. Arunachalam, V., Rengalakshmi, R and Raj, M.S.K. (2005). Ecological stability of genetic diversity among landraces of little millet (Panicum sumatrense) in south india. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 52: 15-19.
  3. Bhatt, G.M. (1970). Multivariate analysis approach to selection of parents of hybridization aiming at yield improvement in self pollinated crops. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 21: 1-7.
  4. Bheemesh, S.J, Subbarao, S and Reddi sekhar, M. (2017). Genetic divergence studies for yield and Physiological traits fox tail millet. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences, 7: 88-94.
  5. Gupta, S., Shrivastava, S.K. and Shrivastava, M. (2014). Fatty Acid Composition of New Hybrid Varieties of  Minor Millets Seed. The Institute of Integrative Omics and Applied Biotechnology Journal, 5: 15–18.
  6. Joshi, A.B. and Dhawan, N.L. (1966). Genetic improvement of yield with special reference to self fertilizing crops, Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, 26: 101-113.
  7. Nagar, J. (2015). Studies on character association and genetic divergence for morphological factors and its influencing traits in little millet (Panicum sumatrense). M.sc. Thesis Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur.
  8. Patel, S.N., Patil, H.E., Patel, S.P and Patel, U.M. (2018). Genetic diversity study in relation to yield and quality traits in little millet (Panicum miliare L.). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 7: 2702-2711.
  9. Project Co-ordinator unit, AICRP on small millets. Annual Progress Report (2018).
  10. Rao, C.R. (1952). Advanced statistical methods in biometric research, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York. pp. 390.
  11. Selvi, V.M., Nirmalakumari, A and Subramanian, A. (2015 a). Assessment of genetic diversity using morphometric traits in little millet (Panicum sumatrense). Trends in Biosciences, 8: 119-125.
  12. Thippeswamy, V., Sajjanar, G.M and Prabhakar. (2018). Genetic diversity analysis for yield and yield components in foxtail millet (Setaria italica L. Beauv.). International Journal of Plant Sciences, 13: 82-89.

Global Footprints