Loading...

Response to different levels of spacing, nitrogen and plant growth regulators

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-4549    | Article Id: D-4549 | Page : 159-165
Citation :- Response to different levels of spacing, nitrogen and plant growth regulators.Agricultural Science Digest.2018.(38):159-165
Shankar Lal Golada, G.L. Sharma, V. Nepalia and Ramphool Puniya slagro_1967@yahoo.co.in
Address : Department of Agronomy, Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur-313 001, Rajasthan, India.
Submitted Date : 14-01-2017
Accepted Date : 10-09-2018

Abstract

An experiment was conducted during kharif season, 2010 and 2011 at Rajasthan College of Agriculture Udaipur, to study the effect of crop spacing (45cm × 20cm, 60cm × 15cm and 90cm × 10cm), nitrogen levels (60, 90 and 120 kg ha-1) and plant growth regulators (control, NAA @) 40 ppm and Mepiquat chloride @ 200 ppm) on yield, nutrient content and uptake of baby corn. The higher green cob yield, baby corn yield and green fodder yield was significantly recorded at 60cm × 15cm spacing over 90cm × 10cm. Increasing nitrogen levels up to 90 kg ha-1 showed marked improvement in green cob yield and baby corn yield, but in case of green fodder yield, nitrogen concentration and uptake by fodder recorded significantly highest with 120 kg ha-1. The crop sprayed with Mepiquat chloride @ 200ppm produced the highest green cob yield (5903.03 kg ha-1), baby corn yield (2082.64 kg ha-1) and this was comparable with application of NAA, in case of green fodder yield NAA @ 40 ppm produced significantly higher green fodder yield (26.88 t ha-1) over Mepiquat chloride @ 200 ppm which produced lowest green fodder yield (22.13 t ha-1).  

Keywords

Baby corn Green fodder yield Nutrient content Uptake.

References

  1. Arnon, D. I., (1949). Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplast polyphenoloxidase in (Beta vulgaris L.) Plant Physiology 24:91-98.
  2. Aravinth, V., Kuppuswamy, G. and Ganapathy M. (2011). Growth and yield of baby corn (Zea mays)as influenced by intercropping,    planting geometry and nutrient management. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 81 (9): 875–77.
  3. Bindhani, A., Barik, K.C., Garnayak, L.M. and Mahapatra, P.K. (2007). Nitrogen management in Baby corn (Zea mays). Indian Journal of Agronomy 52:135-138.
  4. Bindhani, A., Barik, K.C., Garnayak, L.M. and Mahapatra, P.K. (2008). Productivity and nitrogen-use efficiency of Baby corn (Zea mays) at different levels and timing of nitrogen application under rainfed conditions. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 78: 629-    631.
  5. Bodake, P.S., Patil, Y.J., Hile, R.B. and Patil, H.M. (2006). Response of N, P and K application on productivity and soil fertility in maize-wheat cropping system. Journal of Farming Systems Research & Development 12:107-108.
  6. Chillar, R.K. and Kumar, A. (2006). Growth and yield behaviour of sweet corn (Zea mays L. saccharata) under varying plant population and nitrogen level. In: Extended Summaries of Golden Jubilee National Symposium on Conservation Agriculture and Environment,held during 26-28 October, 2006 at Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, pp: 277-278.
  7. Gosavi, S.P. and Bhagat, S.B. (2009). Effect of nitrogen levels and spacing on yield attributes, yield and quality parameters of baby corn (Zea mays). Annals of Agriculture Research 30 (3&4):125-128.
  8. Govt. of India, (2011). Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture and cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. 
  9. Govt. of Rajasthan. (2010). Vital Agricultural Statistics, Directorate of Agriculture, Rajasthan,Jaipur.(htt://rajasthankrishi.org.in, Retrieved on 1.5.2010).
  10. Gulabrao S. Kole. (2010). Response of baby corn (Zea mays) to plant density and fertilizers levels, Thesis M.Sc (Agri), Department of Agronomy, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad -580005 Karnataka.
  11. Mohamed Amanullah, M., Sekar. S., Manoharan. S., Muthukrishnan. P., Subramanian K.S. and Vincent,S. (2010).Influence of fertilizer levels and growth regulating substances on growth, nutrient use efficiency and yield of hybrid maize. Madras Agricultural Journal 97 (1-3): 68-72.
  12. Muthukumar, V.B., Velayudham, K. and Thavaprakaash, N. (2005). Growth and Yield of Baby Corn (Zea mays L.) as influenced by plant growth regulators and different time of nitrogen application, Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 1(4): 303-307. 
  13. Prashant, R., Ninganur,B.T., Chetti, M.B and Hiremath, S.M. (2009). Effect of growth retardants and nipping on chlorophyll content, nitrate reductase activity, seed protein content and yield in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.). Karnatak Journal of Agricultural Science 22(2):289-292.
  14. Prodhan, H.S., Bala, S and Khoyumthem, P. (2007). Response to rate of nitrogen and effect of plant density on yield of baby corn. Journal of Interacademicia. 11(3): 265-269 
  15. Raja, V. (2001). Effect of nitrogen and plant population on yield and quality of super sweet corn (Zea mays). Indian Journal of Agronomy    46: 246-249.
  16. Rathika. S., Velayudham. K., Muthukrishanan. P. and Thavaprakaash, N. (2009). Influence of Nutrients and Plant Growth regulators on growth and yield of baby corn. Madras Agricltural Journal 96 (1-6):121-122. 
  17. Sahoo, S.C. and Mahapatra, P.K. (2007). Yield and economics of sweet corn (Zea mays L.) as affected by plant population and fertility levels. Indian Journal of Agronomy 52: 239-242. 
  18. Sarkar, R.K.., Shit., D and Chakraborty, A. (1996). Response of maize cultivars to row spacing, manure, and fertilizer to rainfed upland of Bihar plateu. Indian Agriculturist 40 (4):269-273.
  19. Sivakumar,R., Kalarani, M.K., Mallika Vanagamundi and Sujata,K.B. (2001). Effect of growth regulators on biochemical attributes, grain yield and quality in pearl millet. Madras Agricultural Journal 88 (4-6):256-259. 
  20. Snell, F. B. and Snell, C.T. (1949). Colorimetric Method of Analysis II. D Van Nostrand Co. Inc., New York.
  21. Thakur, D.R. and Sharma, V., (1999). Effect of varying rates of nitrogen and its schedule of split application in baby corn (Zea mays). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 69: 93-95. 

Global Footprints