Loading...

Utilisation of agricultural wastes in participatory poultry farming with women under climatic conditions of Tonk district of Rajasthan 

DOI: 10.18805/asd.v0iOF.7334    | Article Id: D-4502 | Page : 60-63
Citation :- Utilisation of agricultural wastes in participatory poultry farming withwomen under climatic conditions of Tonk district of Rajasthan .Agricultural Science Digest.2017.(37):60-63

Gitam Singh*, R.B. Sharma and Mahendra Singh and S.K. Sharma

gitamsingh@yahoo.com
Address :

Animal Science, Krishi Vigyan Kendras, Tonk– 304 022, Rajasthan, India.

Submitted Date : 6-10-2016
Accepted Date : 27-12-2016

Abstract

The study was conducted at 6 tehsils (Newai, Tonk, Uniara, Todarai singh, Deoli and Malpura) of Tonk district of Rajasthan. One thousand and two hundred chicks of six weeks age were purchased from Maharana Pratap University, Udaipur, Rajasthan. Two groups of ten farmers each were sekected from each tehsil. 10 chicks were provided to each farmer which was broiler and layer mixed. The average increased weight of broiler was 3.66±19.34 kg under Akodia village group and 3.94±19.34 kg was under Talibpura village group. Akodia village group was slowly gaining weight compare than Talibpura village group because they were providing vermin waste which contained more amounts of proteins. The findings of Harnoda village group in I, II, II, IV, V and VI month was found to be 480±22g, 480±14g, 640±09g, 710±22g, 720±20g and 730±21g fed crop waste to the poultry chicks and other essential contents of diet were similar with other groups. In case of meat it was slowly growing compare than Fuleta village group because Fuleta village group was providing Fish waste which contained more amounts of vitamins and minerals. Harnoda village group reported the number of egg was 06±01, 07±02, 09±01, 10±02, 09±01 and 09±02 respectively in six months with an average of 8.33±02. The performance of Harnoda village group was better than Akodia and Fuleta village group but poor in comparison with Talibpura, Panwar and Barbas village group because of difference in feeding, locally available sources of feed and water quality. Talibpura village group reported that the number of egg was 08±02, 10±02, 11±01, 11±02, 10±02, 11±02 and 11±03 respectively in six months with an average of 10±02. It was best performance of this study due to improved feeding, water quality and managmental factors. Environmental factors may affect the production of broiler and layers.
 

Keywords

Agricultural waste Climatic conditions Poultry Farming Tonk District Women participatory.

References

  1. Arogo, J., Westerman, P.W., Heber, A.J., Robarge, W.P. and Classen, J.J. (2001). Ammonia in animal production – a review. Paper number 014089, 2001 presented at the ASAE Annual Meeting July 30– August 1, 2001, Sacramento, USA. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers.Poultry in the 21st Century 24.
  2. Badubi, S.S. and Rakereng, M. (2006). Morphological characteristics and feed resources available for indigenous chickens in Botswana. Livest Res Rural Dev. 2006;18.
  3. Bolan, N.S., Adriano, D.C. and Mahimairaja, S. (2004). Distribution and bioavailability of trace elements in livestock and poultry manure by-products. Critical Reviews in Environmental Sci­ence and Technology, 34: 291–338.
  4. Delgado, C.L. (2003). Rising consumption of meat and milk in developing countries has created a new food revolution. Journal of Nutrition, 133: S907-S3910.
  5. Dessie, T. and Ogle B. (2001). Village poultry production systems in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Trop Anim Health Prod., 33: 521–537. 
  6. Farrell, D.J. (2005). Matching poultry production with available feed resources: issues and constraints. Worlds Poult Sci J.;61: 298–307.
  7. Herrero, M., Thornton, P.K., Notenbaert, A., Msangi, S., Wood, S., Kruska, R.L., Dixon, J., Bossio, D., Van de Steeg, J.A. and Freeman, H.A. (2009). Drivers of Change in crop-livestock systems and their potential impacts on agro-    ecosystems services and human well-being to 2030. CGIAR Systemwide Livestock Programme (SLP). ILRI, Nairobi, Kenya. http://www.vslp.org/vslp
  8. Jackson, B.P., Bertsch, P.M., Cabrera, M.L., Camberato, J.J., Seaman, J.C. and Wood, C.W. (2003). Trace element speciation in poultry litter. J. Environ. Qual., 32: 535–540.
  9. Jorgensen, H., Zhao, X.Q., Knudsen, K.E. and Eggum, B.O. (1996). The influence of dietary fibre source and level on the development of the gastrointestinal tract, digestibility and energy metabolism in broiler chickens. Br J Nutr.; 75: 379–395.doi: 10.1079/BJN19960141 [PubMed]
  10. Lott, B.D. and May, J.D. (2001). Relating weight gain and feed:gain of male and female broilers to rearing temperature. Poult Sci. 80:581-4.
  11. Neumann, C.G., Bwibo, N.O., Murphy, S.P., Sigman, M., Whaley, S., Allen, L.H., Guthrier, D., Weis, R.E., and Demment, M.W. (2003). Animal source foods improve dietary quality, micronutrient status, growth and cognitive function in Kenyan school children: Background study and baseline findings. Journal of Nutrition, 1333: S3941-S3949.
  12. Pauwels, J., Coopman, F., Cools, A., Michiels, J., Fremaut, D., Smet, S. D. and Janssens, G.P.J. (2015). Selection for Growth Performance in Broiler Chickens Associates with Less Diet Flexibility, PLoS One. 2015; 10: e0127819.
  13. Rosegrant, M.W., Fernandez. M., Sinha. A., Alder, J., Ahammad, H., de Fraiture, C., Eickhout, B., Fonseka, J., Huang, J., Koyama, O., and Omizzene, A.M. (2009). Looking into the future of agriculture and AKST (Agricultural knowledge science and technology). In McIntyre, B.D., Herren, H.R., Wakhungu, J. and Watson, R.D. (Eds) Agriculture at a crossroad. Island Press, Washington D.C., USA.
  14. Sharma, P.K., Vijay, R. and Punia, M.P. (2015). Characterization of groundwater quality of Tonk District, Rajasthan, India using factor analysis, International J. of Environmental Sci. 6: 4-2015 
  15. Steinfeld, H. (2003). Economic constraints on production and consumption of animal foods for nutrition in developing countries. Journal of Nutrition, 133: S4054-S4061.

Global Footprints