Growth and productivity of fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare Mill.) as influenced by intercropping with fenugreek (Trigonella Foenum-Graecum L.) and sulphur fertilization
Citation :- Growth and productivity of fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare Mill.) as influenced by intercropping with fenugreek (Trigonella Foenum-Graecum L.)and sulphur fertilization .Agricultural Science Digest.2017.(37):32-36
The study was carried out during rabi 2013-2014 in 3 times replicated RBD with three intercropping systems (sole fennel, fennel + fenugreek in 1:1 and 1:2 row ratios) and four sulphur levels (0, 20, 40 and 60 kg S/ha). The results revealed that fennel in 1:2 row ratio recorded significantly higher dry matter and yield attributes of fennel as compared to 1:1 row ratio and sole fennel. Intercropping of fennel in 1:2 row ratio significantly reduced seed (10.42 q/ha), straw and biological yields of fennel over 1:1 ratio and sole fennel. The fennel in 1:1 row ratio could not bring significant variation in growth and yield of fennel as compared to sole fennel. However, when system productivity was compared, intercropping in 1:1 row ratio registered significantly highest net monetary returns (Rs 126471/ha) and land equivalent ratio (1.45) in comparison to intercropping in 1:2 ratio and sole fennel. The sulphur at 40 kg/ha significantly increased growth and yield attributes, seed (15.60 q/ha), straw and biological yields and net returns (Rs 100612/ha) of fennel. Application of 40 kg S/ha in fennel intercropping system was found suitable considering input economy as it recorded 42.07 and 13.37% higher seed yield and 60.71 and 17.40% higher net monetary returns over control and application of 20 kg S/ha, respectively.
- Anonymous (2012-13). Rajasthan Agriculture Statistics- At a glance. Statistical cell, Directorate of Agriculture, Rajasthan, Jaipur.
- Anonymous (2013). Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (Horticulture Division). Government of India.
- Awasthi, U.D., Tripathi, A.K., Dubey, S.D. and Kumar, S. (2011). Effect of row ratio and fertility levels on growth, productivity, competition and economics in chickpea + fennel intercropping system under scarce moisture condition. Journal of Food Legumes 24: 211-214.
- Bochalia, G.S., Tiwari, R.C., Ram, B., Kantwa, S.R. and Choudhari, A.C. (2011). Response of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) genotypes to planting geometry, agro-chemicals and sulphur levels. Indian Journal of Agronomy 56: 273-279.
- Carvalho, L.M., Oliveira, L.R., Almeida, N.A. and Andrade, K.R. (2011). The intercropping of fennel with beans and cowpea in Agreste region in Brazil. Acta Horticulturae 925: 199-204.
- Jat, R.L., Dashora, L.N., Golada, S.L. and Choudhary, R. (2012). Effect of phosphorus and sulphur levels on growth and yield of fenugreek. Annals of Plant and Soil Research 14: 116-119.
- Jat, S.R., Patel, B.J., Shivran, A.C., Kuri, B.R. and Jat, G. (2013). Effect of phosphorus and sulphur levels on growth and yield of cowpea under rainfed conditions. Annals of Plant and Soil Research 15: 114-117.
- Kumar, S., Patal, S.K. and Ghosh, G. (2013). Response of different boron and sulphur levels on chickpea based mustard intercropping system. Trends in Biosciences 6: 256-259.
- Kumawat, B.L., Kumawat, A. and Kumawat, S. (2011). Response of fenugreek to claying, irrigation and sulphur in loamy sands In: Production and Protection of Seed Spices. [Sastry, E.V.D. and Shekhawat, K.S. (Eds)]. Avishkar Publishers and Distributors, Jaipur, pp. 150-160.
- Mehta, R.S., Malhotra, S.K., Lal, G., Meena, S.S., Singh, R., Aishwath, O.P., Sharma, Y.K., Kant, K. and Khan, M.A. (2012). Influence of intercropping systems with varying fertility levels on yield and profitability of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.). International Journal of Seed Spices 2: 24-27.
- Mehta, R.S., Meena, S.S. and Anwer, M.M. (2010). Performance of coriander (Coriandrum sativum) based intercropping system. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 55: 286-289.
- Monem, R., Mirtaheri, S.M., Maleki, F.P., Mohebi, H.R. and Sharifiashorabad, E. (2012). Intercropping in fennel (Foeniculum vulgare L.) and alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences 4: 1736-1739.
- Panse, V.G. and Sukhatme, P.V. (1978). Statistical methods for Agricultural Workers. Revised 3rd edn. ICAR, New Delhi.
- Patel, C.B., Amin, A.U. and Patel, A.L. (2013). Effect of varying levels of nitrogen and sulphur on growth and yield of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.). An International Quarterly Journal of Life Science 8: 1285-1289.
- Prajapat, K., Shivran, A.C., Yadav, L.R. and Choudhary, G.L. (2011). Growth, production potential and economics of mungbean as influenced by intercropping system and sulphur levels. Journal of Food Legumes 24: 330-331.
- Rao, M.R. and Singh, M. (1990). Productivity and risk evaluation in constrasting intercropping system. Field Crop Research 23: 279-293.
- Singh, A. and Meena, N.L. (2004). Effect of nitrogen and sulphur on growth, attributes and seed yield of mustard (Brassica juncea) in eastern plain of Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Agronomy 3: 186-188.
- Singh, I.D. and Stoskopf, Y.C. (1971). harvest index in cereals. Agronomy Journal 63: 224-226.
- Singh, S.N. and Kumar, A. (2002). Production potential and economics of winter maize based intercropping systems. Annals of Agricultural Research 23: 532-534.
- Tandon, H.L.S. and Messick, D.L. (2007). Practical of Sulphur Guide. The Sulphur Institute Washington, D.C. 1-2.
- Willey, R.W. (1979). Intercropping: its importance and research I.Competition and yield advantages. Field Crop Abstract 52: 181–193.