Loading...

Outbreak of downy mildew of fenugreek in Solan district of Himachal Pradesh, India

DOI: 10.5958/0976-0547.2015.00057.9    | Article Id: D-4256 | Page : 244-246
Citation :- Outbreak of downy mildew of fenugreek in Solan district of Himachal Pradesh, India.Agricultural Science Digest.2015.(35):244-246
Meenu Gupta, N.P. Dohroo and Narender Bharat meenugupta1@gmail.com
Address : Department of Vegetable Science, Dr YS Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan-173 230, HP, India.

Abstract

Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) is an annual crop with high medicinal value. Among different diseases, downy mildew (Peronospora trigonellae Gaum.) causes maximum crop loss. Since its first report of occurrence in Himachal Pradesh, it was considered a minor disease. But during the last 2-3 years, it has assumed serious proportion in Solan district of the state. The disease was found in all the fenugreek growing locations surveyed during 2011, 2012 and 2013 with maximum severity (37.33%) at Kandaghat. The morphological characters of the pathogen were also studied.

Keywords

Disease occurrence Downy mildew Fenugreek Peronospora trigonellae.

References

  1. Acharya, S., Srichamoren, A., Basu, S., Ooraikul, B. and Basu, T. (2006). Improvement in the nutraceutical properties of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). Songklanakarin J. Sci. Tech. 28: 1-9.
  2. Basch, E., Ulbricht, C., Kuo, G., Szapary, P. and Smith, M. (2003). Therapeutic application of fenugreek. Alt. Med. Rev. 8: 20-27.
  3. Falloon, R.E., Viljanen-Rollinson, S.L.H., Coles, G.D. and Poff, J.D. (1995). Disease severity keys for powdery and downy mildews of peas and powdery scab of potatoes. New Zeal. J. Crop Hort. Sci. 23: 31-37.
  4. Goyal, S.K. and Sharma, P. (2012). Effect of environmental factors and inoculum age on fenugreek infection by Peronospora trigonella causing downy mildew. Pl. Dis. Res. 27: 149-152.
  5. Gaumann, E.A. (1923). Beiträge zu einer Monographie der Gattung Peronospora Corda. Beitr. Kryptogamenflora Schweiz. 5: 216.
  6. Petropoulos, G.A. (2002). The genus Trigonella (1st edition). In: Fenugreek [Petropoulos GA (Ed.)]. Taylor and Francis. London and New York.
  7. Polhil, R.M. and Raven, P.H. (1981). Advances in Legume Systematic. Royal Botanical Gardens Kew England.
  8. Prakash, S. and Saharan, G.S. (2001). Factors affecting downy mildew infection of fenugreek. Indian Phytopath. 54: 193-196.
  9. Rooney-Latham, S., Blomquist, C.I. and Turney, J. (2009). First report of downy mildew caused by Peronospora trigonellae on fenugreek in the United States. Plant Dis. 93: 1394.
  10. Rosengarten, F. (1969). The Book of Spices. Livingstone, Wynnewood, Pennsylvania.
  11. Sharma, A.D. and Munjal, R.L. (1977). The genus Peronospora in Himachal Pradesh, India. Indian J. Mycol. Pl. Pathol. 7: 135-138.
  12. Spices Board. (2013). https://www.spicesboard.in./statistics/production.
  13. Thind, K.S. (1942). The genus Peronospora in the Punjab. J. Indian Bot. Soc. 21: 197-229.
  14. Tiran, D. (2003). The use of fenugreek for breast-feeding women. Complement. Therapy Nurs. Midwif. 9: 155-156.
  15. Uppal, B.N., Patel, M.K. and Kamat, M.N. (1935). The Fungi of Bombay. Bull. Dept. Agric., Bombay, pp176.

Global Footprints