Agricultural Science Digest

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Agricultural Science Digest, volume 41 issue 4 (december 2021) : 610-614

The Effect of Cereal-legume Intercropping Systems on the Cereal Grain Yield under Semi-arid Conditions

C. Benider, S. Laour, T. Madani, A. Gundouz, H. Kelaleche
1Department of Ecology and Vegetable Biology, FSNV, Ferhat Abbas University, Setif -1, Algeria.
Cite article:- Benider C., Laour S., Madani T., Gundouz A., Kelaleche H. (2021). The Effect of Cereal-legume Intercropping Systems on the Cereal Grain Yield under Semi-arid Conditions. Agricultural Science Digest. 41(4): 610-614. doi: 10.18805/ag.D-346.
Background: The aim of this study is to ascertain the response of dual exploitation of intercrops systems their ability to produce forage and grain. Thus the efficiency of the cereal-legume intercropping on the qualitative and quantitative improvement yield of cereals.
Methods: The experiment was conducted at the Setif University Experimental Farm during the years of 2019-20. The experiment was laid out in completely randomize block (CRB) design with three replications. Three cereals namely triticale, oats and barley in association with forage pea and other mixtures with (Vesce commune) were studied. The measure focused on accumulation of dry matter accumulation (DMA), plant height, flag leaf length (FLL), grain yield (GY) and thousand kernels weight (TKW).  
Result: The results indicate that capacity of intercropping system systems to produce more dry matter than their mono cropping systems, as well as the intercropping systems significantly improved the qualitative and quantitative yield of cereals in all the tested intercropping systems. A positive significant correlation between SH and FLL r = 0.78 in the peas/oats intercrop. Thus use like this positive significant correlation between DMP GY r = 0.94, while the tritical / pea and barley / pea intercropping are characterized by the best DMP, GY and TKW among different tested cropping systems.

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