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A field experiment was conducted during kharif season of 1999 on Alfisol soil. The treatments comprised of seven cropping systems, viz., sole cropping of fingermillet, groundnut and soybean and intercropping of groundnut arid soybean with fingermillet i.e. one or two fingermillet rows in between two rows of legumes in paired row system. Among the different intercropping patterns, paired groundnut rows + fingermillet (2:1) recorded significantly higher total yield than other planting patterns. Highest fingermillet equivalent yield, monetary advantages, gross and net returns were obtained in paired groundnut rows fingermillet (2:2), followed by paired groundnut rows + fingermillet (2:1) which were significantly higher over alI the treatments and lowest was with sole fingermillet. However, higher income equivalent ratio and benefit cost ratio were recorded with paired soybean rows + fingermillet in 2:2 rows ratio. Thus, paired row planting of groundnut+ fingermillet in 2:2 row ratio is a promising system under rain fed condition in Alfisol of Hyderabad.