A field experiment to investigate the effect of different planting patterns on production and economics of sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrid complex) was conducted at CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Regional Research Station, Karnal-132001 during autumn season of 2004-06 and 2005-07. Experiment consisting of five treatments viz. flat planting at row spacing of 75, 90, 105 & 120 cm and pit planting at centre to centre distance of 120 cm between two pits was conducted in randomized block design with four replications. Highest cane yield, sugar yield, variable cost, net returns and B:C ratio was recorded in pit planting followed by planting of sugarcane at row spacing of 75, 90 & 105 cm and lowest in case of planting at 120 cm spacing. Planting of sugarcane at row pacing of 75 and 90 cm being at par produced significantly higher cane and sugar yield, net returns and B:C ratio as compared to planting at 105 and 120 cm row spacing. Commercial cane sugar (%) was not affected significantly by different planting patterns.