ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF HILL AND TARAI AGRO-ECOSYSTEM: A STUDY FROM UTTARAKHAND
Citation :- ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF HILL AND TARAI AGRO-ECOSYSTEM: A STUDY FROM UTTARAKHAND.Agricultural Science Digest.2009.(29):235-240
The present investigation was carried out in the hilly and plain areas of Uttarakhand to analyze
the economic efficiency of two entirely different agro-ecosystems . Agriculture concentrated
mainly between 1000-2000 m elevation belts has been studied and is the primary occupation of
about 80% people of the state. The agriculture is practised as a mixed farming system where the
crops, livestock, and forests are the integral part of this agro-ecosystem. The subsistence agriculture
of this region is characterized by small land holding as small crop fields over rugged terrain with
a limited scope for irrigation and mechanization . The input output analysis of various crops
indicates that the cultivation of vegetables in both the agro-ecosystem is beneficial from economic
point of view. However in hill agro- ecosystem vegetables and pseudocereals should be encouraged
because both the crops are having maximum input. Moreover , these are organically produced
crops and thus are eco-friendly in nature . this will help in improving the economy of the
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