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In the earlier phases, the soil and water conservation programme were mainly confined to
technology improvement of agriculture lands and contour bunding was the principal of soil and
water conservation. Through adoption of better methods and technology may be cropping patterns
and diversification of sources of income improvement sustainable. The main focus of such
watershed project involves land water management through soil and water conservation. The
present study was carried out in Umarban block of Dhar district. This block was purposively
selected for the study. Representative samples of 60 adopted farmers were drawn from three
selected villages of the block. To observe knowledge and adoption in respect of improved soil
and water conservation methods and technology and 60 non-adopted farmers from non watershed
area were also selected randomly. Thus, the total sample consisted of 120 farmers.