Loading...

Performance of zero-till wheat (Triticum aestvium L.) with residue and weed management techniques under rice-wheat cropping system

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-4860    | Article Id: A-4860 | Page : 113-117
Citation :- Performance of zero-till wheat (Triticum aestvium L.) with residue and weed management techniques under rice-wheat cropping system.Agricultural Science Digest.2018.(38):113-117
Rakesh Kumar and U.P. Singh rakes27@gmail.com
Address : Department of Agronomy & Soil Science CSIR- CIMAP Research Centre, Pantnagar-263 149 Uttara Khand, India
Submitted Date : 26-07-2017
Accepted Date : 6-04-2018

Abstract

An experiment was conducted during at Varanasi to find out the effect of residue management with Trichoderma application and weed management practices (W1- - Control, W2  -Hand weeding at 30 & 45 DAS, W3 - Isoproturon + 2,4-D (1.0 + 0.5 kg ha-1) at 30 DAS, W4  - Fenoxaprop 120 g ha-1 fb Metsulfuron 4 g ha-1 ) on growth, yield attributes and yield of wheat(Triticum aestvium L.) with weed density, WCE and net returns. The residue retention with Trichoderma application produced significantly higher crop growth, yield attributes, grain and straw yield as compared to residue retention alone and residue removal. Among the weedicide option fenoxaprop fb metsulfuron treatment was found most effective in controlling weed population and produced significantly higher grain (3355.06 and  3722.27 kg-1 ha) and straw yields (5050.23 and 5332.77 kg-1 ha) and higher weed control efficiency (74.19 & 75.07 %). Out of herbicides, Isoproturon + 2, 4-D gave the highest net return as compared to fenoxaprop fb metsulfuron followed by hand weeding twice.

Keywords

Economics Residue management Rice-wheat cropping system Weeds management Zero tillage.

References

  1. Ali, M.A., Ali, M. and Sattar, M. (2010). Sowing date effect on yield of different wheat varieties. Journal of Agriculture Research, 48:157-162.
  2. Black, C.A. (1967) Soil-Plant Relationship. 2nd edn. John. Willey & Sons. Pub. New York, U.S.A. pp. 515-516.
  3. Grover, D.K. and Sharma, Tarun. (2011) Alternative resources conservative technologies in agriculture: impact analysis of zero – tillage technology in Punjab. Indian J. Agric. Res.., 45: 283-290.
  4. Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984) Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research (Second Eds.). An International Rice Research Institute Book. John Wiley and Sons.
  5. Jackson, M.L. (1973) Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India, pp. 183-204.
  6. Olsen, S.R.; Cole, C.W.; Watanabe, F.S. and Dean, L. A. (1954) Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circular No. 939. pp. 19-23.
  7. Singh, Y. (2000) Development of efficient complementary practices for zero and reduced tillage systems for establishing wheat after rice. P.I. Report presented in Annual workshop of NATP project held at RAU, Patna. 4-6 Sept.: 7-11.
  8. Singh, R.P. and Reddy, B.G. (1998) Weed growth of wheat response to N levels and weed control Methods. Indian Journal of Weed Science 29(4):1-6.
  9. Singh, Y., Singh, B. and Timsina, J. (2005) Crop residue management for nutrient cycling and improving soil productivity in rice-    based cropping systems in the tropics. Advances in Agronomy 85: 269-407.
  10. Sinha, A.K. and Singh, R.P. (2005) Studies on the effect of herbicides under different tillage practices in wheat. Indian Journal of weed science 37 (3&4):159-162.
  11. Subbiah, B.V. and Asija,G.L. (1956) A rapid procedure for estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Current Science 28(8): 259-260.
  12. Thomas, C.G., Yaduraju, N.T. and Kumar, J. S. (2000) Estimation of yield losses of wheat caused by wild oats (Avena sterilis spp. ludoviciana) competition. Indian J. Weed Sci. 32: 44-50.
  13. Walia, U.S. and Brar, L.S. (2001). Competitive ability of wild oats (Avena ludoviciana Dur). and broad leaf weeds with wheat in relation to crop density and nitrogen level. Indian J. Weed Sci.33: 120-123.
  14. Walia, S.S., Brar,S.S and Kler,D.S.(1997) Uptake of nutrient by wheat and Phalaris minor as influenced by crop residue management systems and weed control methods in rice-wheat system. Environment and Ecology15: 617-620.
  15. Walia, U.S., Kaur, R. and Kumar, N. (2000) Nitrogen uptake by wheat and Phalaris minor as influenced by irrigation and weed control treatments. Environment and Ecology18:134-137.
  16. Walkley, A. and Black, I.A. (1934) An examination of the Digtijareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 37:29-33.
  17. Yadav, D.S., Shukla, R.P., Sushant and Kumar, B. (2005) Effect of zero tillage and nitrogen level on wheat (Triticum aestivum) after rice (Oryza sativa). Indian Journal of Agronomy, 50(1): 52-53.

Global Footprints