Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.4 (2024)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 54 issue 1 (january 2020) : 20-23

Effect of bilateral ovarian massage on post-partum anoestrus interval in cross bred (Holstein Friesian x Sahiwal) dairy cows

Abdul Shakoor Noonari, Muhammad Naeem, Abdus Salam, Muzaffar Ali, Abir Ishtiaq, Ammar Danyal Naeem
1Institute of Pure and Applied Biology, Zoology Division, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
Cite article:- Noonari Shakoor Abdul, Naeem Muhammad, Salam Abdus, Ali Muzaffar, Ishtiaq Abir, Naeem Danyal Ammar (2018). Effect of bilateral ovarian massage on post-partum anoestrus interval in cross bred (Holstein Friesian x Sahiwal) dairy cows. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 54(1): 20-23. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-892.
Post-partum anoestrus reduces  the productivity of dairy cows by delaying in producing a calf in a year. Therefore, to restore early ovarian cyclicity bilateral ovarian massage was attempted. In present study both ovaries were massaged repeatedly after every 15 days of cross-bred (Holstein Friesian x Sahiwal) dairy cows (n=141) during 2005-6 to 2009-10. Results revealed that the incidence of  anoestrus was reduced  to 14.18% (20/141) and a 64.53% (91/141) pregnancy rate was recorded following bilateral ovarian massage performed at 15th, 30th, and 45th day  post-partum. However, out of the 20 post-partum anoestrus  cows (n=20),  50% (10/20) of the animals exhibited estrus with 45% (9/20) conceiving following bilateral ovarian massage performed at 60th ,  75th ,  90th  and 105 days post-partum. The data in relation to   animal’s age, lactation number versus ovarian cyclicity resumption was insignificant. It was  concluded that bilateral ovarian massage was effective in inducing  cyclicity in  anestrus animals .
  1. Acosta, B., Tarnavsky, G.K., Platt, T.E., Hamernik, D.L., Brown, J.L., Schoenemann, H.M., Reeves, J.J. (1983). Nursing enhances the negative effect of estrogen on LH release in the cow. J. Anim. Sci. 57: 1530-1536.
  2. Amjad, M., Aleem, M., Saeed, M. A. (2006). Use of Prostaglandin (Pgf2á) to induce oestrus in postpartum Sahiwal cows. Pakistan Vet. J., 26(2), 63-66.
  3. Akhtar, M.S. (2005). Introduction to Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 4th Ed. University of Agriculture Press, Faisalabad, Pakistan.,123-137.
  4. Bilal, M.Q., Mohamud, A.A., Younas, M., Muhammad, G., Yaqoob, M., Ishaq, K. (2005). Effect of post milking teat dipping and Staphylococcus aureus Vaccination on quarter based severity of mastitis in Sahiwal cows. Sci. Int. (Lahore), 17: 259-263.
  5. Crowe, M.A., Goulding, D., Baguisi, A., Boland, M.P., Roche, J.F. (1993). Induce ovulation of the first dominant follicle in beef suckler cows using a GnRH analogue. J. Reprod. Fertil., 99: 551-555.
  6. De Castro, T., Ibarra, D., Valdez, L., Rodriguez, M., Benquet, N., Lagos, F. G., Rubianes, E. (2006). Effects of early weaning and progesterone-estradiol treatments on postpartum reproductive efficiency of grazing anestrous beef cows. Anim. Reprod. 3(4): 396-402.
  7. Dawuda, P.M., Scaife, J.R., Hutchinson, J.S.M., Sinclair, K.D. (2002). Mechanisms linking under-nutrition and ovarian function in beef heifers. Ani. Rep. Sci., 74: 11–26.
  8. Ishaq, K., Ullah, N., Ahmed, T., Yaqoob, M. (2009). Incidence of Reproductive Disorders in Cattle and Buffalo around Islamabad and Rawalpindi. Pakistan J. Zool., 9: 69-71.
  9. Kamal, M.M., Bhuiyan, M.M.U., Parveen, N., Momont, H.W., Shamsuddin, M. (2014). Risk factors for postpartum anestrus in crossbred cows in Bangladesh. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci., 38: 151-156. doi:10.3906/vet-1303-74
  10. Kiracofe, G.H. (1980). Uterine involution: Its role in regulating postpartum intervals. J. Anim. Sci., Sl(Supp1. II), l6-28.
  11. Mukasa-Mugerwa, E. (1989). A Review of Reproductive Performance of Female Bos indicus (Zebu) Cattle. ILCA, Monograph No. 6. International Livestock Center for Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (    X5442e00.htm).
  12. Murphy, M.G., Enright, W.J., Crowe, M.A., Mcconnell, K., Spicer, L.J., Boland, M.P., Roche, J. F. (1991). Effect of dietary intake on pattern of growth of dominant follicles during the oestrous cycle in beef heifers. J. Reprod. Fert., 92: 333-338.
  13. Mwaanga, E.S., Janowski, T. (2000) Anoestrus in dairy cows causes\ prevalence and clinical forms. Reprod. Dom. Anim. 35: 193-200.
  14. Mwaanga, E. S., Janowski, T., Zdunczyk, S., Simukoko, H. (2010). Ovarian massage: a simple, but useful tool to manage ovarian acyclicity in dairy cows. Bull. Anim. Health Product. Africa. 58 (3): 304-306. 
  15. Ngongoni, N.T., Mapiye, C., Mwale, M., Mupeta, B. (2006). Factors affecting milk production in the smallholder dairy sector of Zimbabwe. Livestock Res. Rural Dev., 18 (5).
  16. Peters, A.R., Pimentel, M.G., Lamming, G.E. (1985). Hormone responses to exogenous GnRH pulses in post-partum dairy cows. J. Reprod. Fert., 75: 557-565. 
  17. Qureshi, M.U., Qureshi, M.S. Khan, R., Rahman, A., Sohail, S.M., Ijaz, A., Ahmad, I., Ahmad, S., Shoaib, M., Basit, A. (2016). Relationship of blood metabolites with reproductive cyclicity in dairy cows. Indian J. Anim. Res., 50 (3):338-348.
  18. Stagg, K., Diskin, M.G., Sreenan, J.M., Roche, J.F. (1995). Follicular development in long-term anoestrus suckler beef cows fed two levels of energy postpartum. Anim. Reprod. Sci., 38: 49-61.
  19. Stumpf, T.T., Wolfes, M.W., Wolfe, P.L., Day, M.L., Kittok, R.J., Kinder, J.E. (1992). Weight changes prepartum and presence of bulls postpartum interact to affect duration of postpartum anoestrus in cows., J. Anim. Sci., 70: 3133-3137.
  20. Talukder, M.A.S., Khandoker, M.A.M.Y., Rahman, M.G.M., Islam, M.R., Khan, M.A.A. (2005). Reproductive problems of cows at Bangladesh Agriculture University Dairy Farm and possible Remedies. Pak. J. Boil. Sci., 8(11): 1561-1567.
  21. Williams, G.L., (1990). Suckling as regulator of postpartum of breeding in cattle: A review. J. Anim. Sci., 68: 831-852.
  22. Yavas, Y., Walton, J.S. (2000). Postpartum acyclicity in suckled beef cows: a review. Theriogenology, 54: 25-55. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)