Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 52 issue 11 (november 2018) : 1560-1564

Assessment of zinc and lead concentration in water and muscles of Labeo rohita collected from wild and local fish farms of Pakistan

Khalid Mahmood Anjum, Atif Yaqub, Ehsan Mehmood Bhatti, Muhamad Yameen, Muhammad Sharif Mughal, Noor Khan, Fayyaz Rasool, Sumaira Abbas, Waseem Aslam
1Department of Wildlife and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore-Pakistan
Cite article:- Anjum Mahmood Khalid, Yaqub Atif, Bhatti Mehmood Ehsan, Yameen Muhamad, Mughal Sharif Muhammad, Khan Noor, Rasool Fayyaz, Abbas Sumaira, Aslam Waseem (2017). Assessment of zinc and lead concentration in water and muscles of Labeo rohita collected from wild and local fish farms of Pakistan. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52(11): 1560-1564. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-752.
Reasonable evidences suggest that heavy metal pollutants have been added by factories and other industries to our local water bodies. The present study was conducted to determine the heavy metal (zinc and lead) concentrations in muscle tissues of Labeo rohita inhabiting local water bodies as well as those being raised at farms. Sampling was performed to collect Labeo rohita from two different stations along river Ravi, viz. Lahore Siphon (upstream) and Balloki Headworks (downstream). Additionally, samples were also obtained from the government operated as well as private fish farms located in Lahore District, Pakistan. The fish were dissected; their muscles were digested, filtered, and finally analyzed for concentrations of Zn and Pb. Significant variation of heavy metal ions were observed between two sites along river Ravi as well as government operated and private fish farms. Significantly high mean concentrations of Zn (10.7±1.268) and Pb (0.61±0.082) were observed at Balloki Head-works; whereas, the lowest Zn (1.58±0.235) and Pb (0.16±0.008) heavy metal levels were recorded in the muscle samples collected from private fish farms. It was also observed that the heavy metal concentration in the muscles of Labeo rohita, collected from Balloki Head-works was much higher than the permissible limits laid down by WHO/FAO. Further the recorded highest level of heavy metals in water samples collected from River Ravi indicates that the bioaccumulation of heavy metals is severely affecting the aquatic life of fresh water and industries should not be allowed to release their effluent directly into the river Ravi in their vicinity.
  1. Ahmed, Q., Benzer, S. and Yousuf, F. (2016). Distribution of heavy metals in different tissues of Indian mackerel from Karachi fish harbour, Karachi, Pakistan. Indian J. Anim. Res. 50: 759-763.
  2. Al-Weher, S. (2008). Levels of heavy metal Cd, Cu and Zn in three fish species collected from the northern Jordan valley, Jordan. Jordan J. Biol. Sci. 1: 41-46.
  3. Ayotunde, E., Offem, B. and Ada, F. (2011). Heavy metal profile of Cross River: Cross River State, Nigeria: using bioindicators. Indian J. Anim. Res. 45: 232 - 246.
  4. Bahnasawy, M., Khidr, A.A. and Dheina, N. (2009). Seasonal variations of heavy metals concentrations in mullet, Mugil cephalus and Liza ramada (Mugilidae) from Lake Manzala, Egypt. J. App. Sci. Res. 5: 845-852.
  5. Chen, F., Liang, L., Zhang, Z., Deng, Z., Decker, E.A. and McClements, D.J. (2017). Inhibition of lipid oxidation in nanoemulsions and filled microgels fortified with omega-3 fatty acids using casein as a natural antioxidant. Food Hydro. 63: 240-248.
  6. Chen, Y.-C. and Chen, M.-H. (2001). Heavy metal concentrations in nine species of fishes caught in coastal waters off Ann-Ping, SWTaiwan. J. Food Drug Anal. 9: 12-17.
  7. Dirican, S., Cilek, S., Ciftci, H., Biyikoglu, M., Karaçinar, S. and Yokus, A. (2015). Studies on copper, silver and zinc concentrations in muscle and liver of Barbus plebejus, Cyprinus carpio and Leuciscus cephalus from Kilickaya Reservoir in Turkey. Indian J. Anim. Res. 49: 55-58.
  8. Dural, M., Göksu, M.Z.L. and Özak, A.A. (2007). Investigation of heavy metal levels in economically important fish species captured from the Tuzla lagoon. Food Chem. 102: 415-421.
  9. Govind, P. and Madhuri, S. (2014). Heavy metals causing toxicity in animals and fishes. Res. J. Anim. Vet. Fish. Sci. 2: 17-23.
  10. Javed, M. and Mahmood, G. (2001). Metal toxicity of water in a stretch of river Ravi from Shahdera to Baloki headworks. Pak. J. Agri. Sci.12: 55-61.
  11. Khan, M., Sarwar, S. and Khattak, R. (2004). Evaluation of River Jehlum water for heavey metals (Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Cd, Pb, and Cr) and it’s Suitability for Irrigation and drinking purposes at district Muzaffarabad (AK). Jour. Chem. Soc. Pak. . 26: 28-33.
  12. Liu, J., Cao, L., Huang, W., Zhang, C. and Dou, S. (2014). Zinc and copper bioaccumulation in fish from Laizhou Bay, the Bohai Sea. Chi. J. Oce. Lim. 32: 491-502.
  13. Mahmood, G. (2003). Lead and nickel concentrations in fish and water of River Ravi. Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 6: 1027-1029.
  14. Maret, W. and Sandstead, H.H. (2006). Zinc requirements and the risks and benefits of zinc supplementation. J. Trace Ele. Med. Biol. 20: 3-18.
  15. Mirza, Z.S., Mirza, M.R., Nadeem, M.S. and Sulehria, A.Q.K. (2013). Revised checklist of fishes of Mangla Reservoir, Pakistan. Biologia (Pakistan). 59: 1-6.
  16. Muzyed, S.K. (2011) Heavy metal concentrations in commercially available fishes in Gaza strip markets. The Islamic University-Gaza.
  17. Onsanit, S., Ke, C., Wang, X., Wang, K.-J. and Wang, W.-X. (2010). Trace elements in two marine fish cultured in fish cages in Fujian province, China. Env. Pol. 158: 1334-1342.
  18. Rauf, A. and Javed, M. (2007). Copper-toxicity to water and plankton in the river Ravi, Pakistan. Int. J. Agri. Biol. 2: 13-17.
  19. Retnam, A. and Zakaria, M.P. (2009). Hydrocarbons and heavy metals pollutants in aquaculture.
  20. Satyanarayana, M., Narasimha, J., Nagalakshmi, D., Raghunandan, T. and Sridhar, K. (2017). Influence of organic zinc (Zn Proteinate) supplementation on antioxidant status, blood biochemistry and immunity in buffalo heifers. Indian J. Ani. Nut. 34: 33-39.
  21. Shukla, V., Dhankhar, M., Prakash, J. and Sastry, K. (2007). Bioaccumulation of Zn, Cu and cd in Channa punctatus. J. Env. Biol. 28: 395.
  22. Siddique, S., Tabinda, A.B., Yasar, A. and Hussain, J. (2014). Concentration of metals in Frozen and canned fish in Pakistan. Pak. J. Zool. 46: 1521-1527.
  23. Tabinda, A.B., Bashir, S., Yasar, A. and Munir, S. (2013). Heavy Metals Concentrations in Water, Sediment and Fish in River Sutlej at Sulemanki Headworks. Pak. J. Zool. 45: 1663-1668.
  24. Taiwo, I.E., Henry, A.N., Imbufe, A.P. and Adetoro, O.O. (2014). Heavy metal bioaccumulation and biomarkers of oxidative stress in the wild African tiger frog, Hoplobatrachus occipitalis. Afri. J. Envi. Sci. Tech. 8: 6-15.
  25. Voegborlo, R. and Adimado, A. (2010). A simple classical wet digestion technique for the determination of total mercury in fish tissue by cold-vapour atomic absorption spectrometry in a low technology environment. Food Chem. 123: 936-940.
  26. Wasana, H.M., Perera, G.D., Gunawardena, P.D.S., Fernando, P.S. and Bandara, J. (2017). WHO water quality standards Vs Synergic effect (s) of fluoride, heavy metals and hardness in drinking water on kidney tissues. Sci. Reports. 7: 18-23.
  27. Ye, J., Wu, W., Li, Y. and Li, L. (2017). Influences of the gut microbiota on DNA methylation and histone modification. Dig. Dis. Sci. 2:1-10. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)