Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.4 (2024)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 52 issue 2 (february 2018) : 254-259

Effect of Purple Glutinous rice bran supplementation on performance, oxidative status and lipid oxidation in broiler

M. Punyatong, W. Tapingkae, N. Pripwai, W. Laenoi
1<p>Department of Animal and Aquatic Science,&nbsp;Faculty of Agriculture, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.</p>
Cite article:- Punyatong M., Tapingkae W., Pripwai N., Laenoi W. (2017). Effect of Purple Glutinous rice bran supplementation on performance, oxidative status and lipid oxidation in broiler . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52(2): 254-259. doi: 10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.8478.

This study investigated the effect of purple glutinous rice bran (PRB) supplementation on performance, oxidative status and lipid oxidation in broiler. Two hundred male day old broiler chickens were randomly assigned to 5 groups of 40 birds each. Each treatment, fed the basal corn-soybean diets containing 0%, 3%, 6%, 9% and 12% of purple glutinous rice bran (PRB). Diets were formulated separately for starter and finisher phases (day 0 to 21 and day 22 to 42). Oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) in PRB supplemented groups were higher than rice bran group and depend on the supplement dose of PRB. PRB supplementation (6%, 9% and 12%) increased (P<0.05) weight gain (WG), average daily gain (ADG) and decreased (p<0.05) feed conversion ratio (FCR) compared to control group. Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in serum from the PRB groups were lower than control group (P<0.05). Glutathione (GSH) levels in serum of PRB groups (6%, 9% and 12% PRB) were higher than control group (P<0.05). However, there were no difference between 3% PRB and control groups. No difference of lipid oxidation in breast meat after storage between PRB supplemented groups with control group (P>0.05). This study indicated that PRB supplementation in diet had positive effects on performance and oxidative status of broiler chickens but had no effect on lipid oxidation in breast meat storage.

  1. Anne, M. F.(2000). Oligomeric proanthocyanidin complexes: histology, structure, and phytopharmaceutical application. Alternative Medicine Review 5(2): 144-151. 

  2. Arshad, M. S., Anjum, F. M., Khan, M. I., Shahid, M., Akhtar, S. and Sohaib, M. (2013). Wheat germ oil enrichment in broiler feed with a-lipoic acid to enhance the antioxidant potential and lipid stability of meat. Lipids in Health and Disease 12(164): 1-14. 

  3. Berger, A., Rein, D., Schafer, A., Monnard, I., Gremaud, G., Lambelet P. and Bertol, C. (2005). Similar cholesterol-lowering properties of rice bran oil, with varied ¡-oryzanol, in mildly hypercholesteromic men. Eur. J. Nutr. 44: 163-173. 

  4. Biswas, A., Ahmed, M., Bharti, V. K. and Singh, S. B. (2011). Effect of antioxidant on phyto-biochemical and hematological parameters in broiler chicken at high altitude. Asian Australas J. Anim. Sci. 24(2): 246-249.

  5. Botsoglou, N. A., Christaki, E., Fletouris, D. J., Florou-Paneri, P. and Spais, A. B. (2002). The effect of dietary oregano essential oil on lipid oxidation in raw and cooked chicken during refrigerated storage. Meat Science 62: 259-265. 

  6. Boyne, A. F. and Ellman, G. L. (1972). A methodology for analysis of tissue sulfhydryl components. Anal. Biochem. 46(2): 639-653.

  7. Chen, P. N., Chu, S. C., Chiou, H. L., Kuo, W. H., Chiang, C. L. and Hsieh, Y. S. (2006). Mulberry anthocyanins, cyanidin 3-rutinoside and cyanidin 3-glucoside, exhibited an inhibitory effect on the migration and invasion of human lung cancer cell line. Cancer Letters 235: 248-259. 

  8. Chen, P. N., Chu, S. C., Chiou, H. L., Kuo, W. H., Chiang, C. L., S. F. Yang, S. F. and Hsieh, Y. S. (2005). Cyanidin 3-glucoside and peonidin 3-glucoside inhibit tumor cell growth and induce apoptosis in vitro and suppress tumor growth in vivo. Natural and Cancer 53(2): 232-243.

  9. Chrpova, D., Kourimska, L., Gordon, M. H., Hermanova, V., Roubickova, I. and Panek, J. (2010). Antioxidant activity of selected phenols and herbs used in diets for medical condition. Czech. J. Feed Sci. 28(4): 317-325. 

  10. Ismail, I. B., Al-Busadah, K. A. and El-Bahr, A. M. (2013). Oxidative stress biomarkers and biochemical profile in broilers chicken fed zinc bacitracin and ascorbic acid under hot climate. Am. J. Biochem. Mol. Biol. 3(2): 202-214.

  11. Ismail, H. A., Lee, E. J., Ko, K. Y. and Ahn, D. U. (2008). Effects of aging time and natural antioxidants on color, lipid oxidation and volatiles of irradiated ground beef. Meat Science 80: 582-591.

  12. Khan, M. I., Shehzad, K., Arshad, M. S., Sahar, A., Shabbir, M. A. and Saeed, M. (2015). Impact of dietary á-lipoic acid on antioxidant potential of broiler thigh meat. Journal of Chemistry 2015: 1-8.

  13. Liang, F., Jiang, S., Mo, Y., Zhou, G. and Yang, L. (2015). Consumption of oxidized soybean oil increased intestinal oxidative stress and affected intestinal immune variables in yellow-feathered broilers. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 28(8): 1194-1201.

  14. Liu, H., Luo, P., Chen S. and Shang, J. (2011). Effects of squid ink on growth performance, antioxidant functions and immunity in growing broiler chickens. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 24(12): 1725-1756.

  15. Mielnik, M. B., Olsen, E., Vogt, G., Adeline, D. and Skrede, G. (2006). Grape seed extract as antioxidant in cooked, cold stored turkey meat. LWT. 39: 191-198.

  16. Park, J. H., Kang, S. N., Shin, D. and Shim, K. S. (2015). Antioxidant enzyme activity and meat quality of meat type ducks fed with dried oregano (Origanum vulgare L.) powder. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 28(1): 79-85.

  17. Park, J. C., Lee, S. H., Hong, J. K., Cho, J. H., Kim, I. H. and S. K. Park, S. K. (2014). Effect of dietary supplementation of procyanidin on growth performance and immune response in pigs. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 27(1): 131-139.

  18. Parrado, J., Miramontes, E., Jover, M., Marquez, J. C., Mejias, M. A., de Teran, L. C., Absi, E. and Bautista, J. (2003). Prevention of brain protein and lipid oxidation elicited by water-soluble oryzanol enzymatic extract derived from rice bran. Eur. J. Nutr. 42: 307-314.

  19. Pataki, T., Bak, I., Kovacs, P., Bagchi, D., Das, D. K. and Tasaki, A. (2002). Grape seed proanthocyanidins improved cardiac recovery during reperfusion after ischemia in isolated rat hearts. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 75: 894-899.

  20. Perez, Y. G., Perez, L. C. G., Netto, R. de C. M., de Lima, D. S. N. and E. S. Lima, E. S. (2012). Malondialdehyde and sulfhydryl groups as biomarkers of oxidative stress in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Rev Bras Reumatol. 52(4): 656-660. 

  21. Pongpiachan, P., Teltathum, T. and Karladee, D. (2004). Gamma oryzanol quantity in plant products. Journal of Agriculture 20(2): 111-119.

  22. Punyatong, M. (2009). Antiproliferative action and increase of antibody production with gamma oryzanol and proanthocyanidin from purple glutinous rice. Thesis Doctor of Philosophy in Biotechnology. The Graduate School, Chiang Mai University. 147p.

  23. Punyatong, M., Pongpiachan, P., Pongpiachan, P., Kaladee, D. and Mankhetkorn, S. (2008). Cytotoxicity of Crude Extract Proanthocyanidin from Purple Glutinous Rice Bran (Oryza sativa L.) Kum Doi Saket Compared with Cyanidin 3-Glucoside on X63 Myeloma Cancer Cells Line. Kasetsart J. (Natural Science). 42(4): 676-681.

  24. Re, R., Pellegrini, N., Proteggente, A., Pannala, A., Yang, M. and Rice-Evans, C. (1999). Antioxidant activity applying an improved ABTS radical cation decolourisation assay. Free radicals in Biology and Medicine 26: 1231-1237.

  25. Reddy, V. S., Leela, V., Reddy, B. S. and Reddy, P. A. (2014). A study of vitamin C and Ocimum Sanctum supplementation on antioxidant enzyme levels in broilers under heat-stress. Int. J. Vet. Health Sci Res. 02(02): 21-23.

  26. Reddy, V. S., Thangavel, A., Leela, V. and Raja, N. (2009). Antioxidant enzyme status in broilers: role of dietary supplementation of tulasi (Ocimum sanctum) and selenium. Tamilnadu J. Veterinary & Animal Sciences 5(6): 251-256.

  27. Ryu, S. N., Park, S. Z. and Ho, C. T. (1998). High performance liquid chromatographic determination of anthocyanin pigment in some varieties of black rice. J. Food Drug Anal. 6(4): 729-736.

  28. Sadeghi, A. A., Izadi, W., Shawrang, P., Chamani, M. and Aminafshar, M. (2013). Total antioxidant capacity and malondialdehyde level in plasma of broiler chicks fed diet containing different levels of ginger (Zingiber officinale). Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science 3(2): 283-287.

  29. Santos, M. T., Valles, J., Aznar, J. and Vilches, J. (1980). Determination of plasma malondialdehyde-like material and its clinical application in stroke patients. J. Clin. Pathol. 33: 973-976.

  30. Simitzis, P. E., Symeon, G. K., Charismiadou, M. A., Bizelis, J. A. and Deligeorgis, S. G. (2010). The effect of dietary oil supplementation on pig meat characteristics. Meat Science 84: 670-676. 

  31. Sohaib, M., Anjum, F. M., Khan, M. I., Arshad, M. S. and Shahid, M. (2012). Enhancement of lipid stability of broiler breast meat and meat products fed on alpha lipoic acid and alpha tocopherol acetate supplemented feed. Lipid in Health and Disease 11(57): 1-10.

  32. Tantanee, W. (2007). The use of antioxidants from purple glutinous rice bran (Oryza sativa L.) for oxidative inhibition and increasing production performance in weaned pigs. Thesis Master of Science. The Graduate School, Chiang Mai University. 91p. 

  33. Velasco, V. and Williams, P. (2011). Improving meat quality through natural antioxidants. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 71(2): 313-322.

  34. Vissers, M. N., Zock, P. L., Meijer, G. W. and M. B. Katan, M. B. (2000). Effect of plant sterols from rice bran oil and triterpene alcohols from sheanut oil on serum lipoprotein concentrations in humans. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 72: 1510-1515.

  35. Voljc, M., Frankic, T., Levart, A., Nemec, M. and Salobir, J. (2011). Evaluation of different vitamin E recommendations and bioactivity of á-tocopherol isomers in broiler nutrition by measuring oxidative stress in vivo and the oxidative stability of meat. Poultry Science 90: 1478-1488. 

  36. Wagh, R. V., Chatli, M. K., Ruusunen, M., Puolanne, E. and Ertbjerg, P. (2015). Effect of various phyto-extract on physico-chemical, colour, and oxidative stability of pork frankfurters. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 28(8): 1178-1186.

  37. Wen, H. L., Wang, L. L. and Ma, J. (2002). Supplementation of the black rice outer layer fraction to rabbits decreases atherosclerotic plaque formation and increases antioxidation status. J. Nutr. 132: 20-26.

  38. Xu, Z., and Godber, J. S. (1999). Purification and identification of components of gamma-oryzanol in rice bran oil. J. Agri. Food Chem. 47: 2724-2728.

  39. Zhao, C., Giusti, M., Malik, M., Mayer, M. P. and Magnuson, B. A. (2004). Effects of commercial anthocyanin-rich extracts on colonic cancer and nontumorigenic colonic cell growth. J. Agri. Food Chem. 52: 6122-6128. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)