Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.4 (2024)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 51 issue 3 (june 2017) : 415-419

A retrospective examination of reproduction and survival rates of van cats

Bahattin Çak, Barış Atalay Uslu*, Ahmet Fatih Demirel, Fetih Gulyuz, Orhan Yilmaz, Volkan Kosal
1<p>Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Yuzuncu Yil, 65080 Van, Turkey&nbsp;</p>
Cite article:- &Ccedil;ak Bahattin, Uslu* Atalay Barış, Demirel Fatih Ahmet, Gulyuz Fetih, Yilmaz Orhan, Kosal Volkan (2016). A retrospective examination of reproduction and survival rates of van cats . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 51(3): 415-419. doi: 10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.6843.

Van cats are animals that often become the centre of attention due to their white hair, colourful eyes, and affectionate attitudes. However, it is nearly impossible to find research studies on the reproductive behaviours of Van cats. We conducted this study with the purpose of revealing the breeding efficiency properties and survival rates of Van cats. The study materials consisted of Van cats in the Van Cat Home of Yüzüncü Yıl University’s Van Cats Research Center. We determined the breeding efficiency properties using records obtained from 56 female cats over the course of four years. As a result of the study, we determined that the durations of oestrus, pregnancy, and lactation in Van cats were, respectively, 2.41±0.09, 63.75±0.27, and 98.45±1.18 days. We also determined the average number of kittens per delivery and the mating per pregnancy as, respectively, 3.30±0.19 and 13.71±0.74. In this study, we recorded the presence of 56 delivering cats, with a total of 185 kittens, 22 of which were dead (11.89%), and an 88.11% survival rate (%). The most common delivery type was twin deliveries (30%), and the highest rate of stillbirths was 4.86% in quadruplet deliveries.

  1. Akçapinar, H. and Özbeyaz, C. (1999). Basic knowledge about livestock raising. Ankara: Kariyer Printing.

  2. Alaçam, E. (1995). Examination of reproductive properties and reproduction in female cats. Veterinary Surgical Journal, 1: 39–42.

  3. Anonymous (2015a). Domestic cat. Retrieved from

  4. Anonymous (2015b). Publicity catalogue for Turkish domestic animals genetic resources.    Belgeler/yayin/Katalog%20T%C3%BCrk%C3%A7e.pdf. 

  5. Anonymous (2016a). Heterokromi. Retrieved from

  6. Anonymous (2016b). Notice concerning the registration of native races and lines. Retrieved from    Metin.Aspx?MevzuatKod=9.5.6109&MevzuatIliski=0&sourceXmlSearch=

  7. Anonymous (2016c). Van cats getting ready for a live broadcast. Retrieved from    canli-yayina-hazirlaniyor-398g.htm

  8. Anonymousous (2016d). Retrieved from 

  9. Ates, C.T. (2000). Investigating the distribution of morphological and physiological properties and one-eyedness in Van cats (Doctoral dissertation). Institute of Medical Sciences, Van, Turkey.

  10. Banks, D.R. (1986). Physiology and endocrinology of the feline estrous cycle. In D. A. Morrow (Ed.), Current Therapy in Theriogenology (pp. 795–800). Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co.

  11. Christiansen, I.B.J. (1984). Reproduction in the dog and cat. Philadelphia: Baillere Tindall.

  12. Concannon, P., Hodgson, B. and Lein, D. (1980). Reflex LH release in estrous cats following single and multiple copulations. Biology Reproduction, 23: 111–117.

  13. Feldman, E.C. and Nelson, R.W. (1996). Canine and Feline Endocrinology and Reproduction (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: WB Saunders Company.

  14. Inan, M.S. (1992). Biological distribution of eye pigments in Van cats (Doctorate thesis). Institute of Science, Van, Turkey.

  15. Johnson, L.M. and Gay, V.L. (1981). Luteizing hormone in the cat II. Mating induced secretion. Endocrinology, 109: 247–252.

  16. Odabasioglu, F. and Ates, C.T. (2000). Van Cat. Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey.

  17. Özçetin, S.T. (2007). Investigations on external structure, hair, growth, development and reproduction properties in Ankara cats (felis catus angorensis) (Doctoral dissertation). Ankara University, Institute of Science, Ankara, Turkey.

  18. Pope, C.E. (2004). Embryo technology in conservation efforts for endangered felids. Theriogenology, 53: 163–174. 

  19. Sevinç, A. (1979). Artificial Insemination. Ankara: Ankara University Veterinary School Publications.

  20. SPSS. (2013). IBM SPSS Statistics 22, USA. 

  21. Uslu, B.A., Gülyüz, F. and Uçar, Ö. (2012). Induction of estrous with single or split eCG administrations in Turkish Van cats during the non-breeding season. Kafkas Universitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 18: 879–884.

  22. Uslu, B.A. and Gülyüz, F. (2012). Artificial insemination in domestic cats. Yuzuncu Yil Universitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 23: 119–123.

  23. Yildirim, A. (2012). Properties regarding breeding efficiency and survival rates in kangal dogs. Journal of Igdir Uni. Institute of Science, 2: 127–132.

Editorial Board

View all (0)