Exploring the effect of selenium forms on final body weight, slaughter characteristics and tissue selenium concentration in Aseel cockerels

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.10764    | Article Id: B-467 | Page : 881-886
Citation :- Exploring the effect of selenium forms on final body weight, slaughtercharacteristics and tissue selenium concentration in Aseel cockerels .Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2017.(51):881-886

Waseem Muhammad Zia, Anjum Khalique, Saima Naveed, Jibran Hussain, Imran Muhammad, 
Tahir Muhammad Khan and Shafique Muhammad Rehman

doctorwsi639@gmail.com
Address :

University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore-54000, Pakistan.

Submitted Date : 22-02-2016
Accepted Date : 18-05-2016

Abstract

A study to investigate the influence of selenium on final body weight and slaughter traits of Aseel was conducted. Three-weeks-old 120 cockerels from Lakha, Mushki, Peshaweri and Mianwali varieties of Aseel were randomly selected and distributed into four groups, 30 cockerels each, subdivided into 3 treatment groups A, B (experimental groups), and C (control group) with 10 cockerels in each treatment. Birds were assigned three experimental diets. The diet for the birds of group A incorporated 0.3 mg/kg Se-enriched yeast and group B included 0.3 mg/kg sodium selenite, while C was fed the diet without Se (control diet). Final body weight, dressed weight, dressing%, eviscerated weight, eviscerated%; chest, thigh and giblets weight; selenium content in chest and thigh in Se-yeast fed birds were significantly increased than those got sodium selenite or control diet. The study concluded that Se-enriched yeast is more effective in improving body weight and slaughtering characteristics of Aseel.

Keywords

Aseel Body weight Dressing percentage Eviscerated percentage Giblets weight Selenium Tissue selenium.

References

  1. AOAC. (1995). Official Methods of Analysis (13th edn), Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.
  2. Bell, D.D. and Weaver, W.D. (2005). Commercial chicken meat and egg production (5th edn), Springer Publishers.
  3. Chekani-Azar, S., Mansoub, N.H., Tehrani, A.A., Aghdam, F.V. and Mizban, S. (2010). Effect of replacing inorganic by organic sources in diet of male broilers on selenium and vitamin E contents and oxidative stability of meat. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 9: 1501-1505.
  4. Choct, M., Naylor, A.J. and Reinke, N. (2004). Selenium supplementation affects broiler growth, performance, meat yield and feather coverage. Br. Poult. Sci. 45: 677-683.
  5. Cruz, V.C. and Fernandez, I.B. (2011). Effect of organic selenium and zinc on the performance and egg quality of Japanese quails. Braz. J. Poult. Sci. 13: 91-95.
  6. Edens, F.W., Parkhurst, C.R., Haven, G.B. and Sefton, A.E. (2000). Housing and selenium influences on feathering on broilers. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 10: 128-134.
  7. Heindl, J., Ledvinka, Z., Englmaierova, M., Zita, L. and Tumova, E. (2010). The effect of dietary selenium sources and levels on performance, selenium content in muscle and glutathione peroxidase activity in broiler chickens. Czech J. Anim. Sci. 55: 572-578.
  8. Ibrahim, M.T., Eljack, B.H. and Fadlalla, I.M.T. (2011). Selenium supplementation to broiler diets. Anim. Sci. J. 2: 12-17.
  9. Kinal, S., Krol, B. and Tronina, W. (2012). Effect of various selenium sources on selenium dietary selenium and vitamin E on slaughter yield and carcass composition of commercial white Koluda geese. Bioavailability, chicken growth performance, carcass characteristics and meat composition of broiler chickens. Elect. J. Polish Agr. U. 15: 07.
  10. Krstiæ, B., Jokiæ, Z., Pavloviæ, Z. and Živkoviæ. D. (2012). Options for the production of selenized chicken meat. Biol. Trace. Elem. Res. 146: 68-72.
  11. Lukaszewicz, E., Jerysz, A. and Kowalczyk, A. (2013). Effect of dietary selenium and vitamin E on slaughter yield and carcass composition of commercial White Koluda Geese. Pak. Vet. J. 33: 462-465.
  12. Marcel, M.B., Hirasilva, B., Fabio, R.L., Aline, G.G., Fabio B.F., Lenita, M.S., Pedro A.S. (2014). Sources and levels of selenium on breast meat quality of broilers. Ciencia Rural, 44: ISSN 0103-8478.
  13. Mikulski, D., Jankowski, J., Zdunczyk, Z., Wroblewska, M., Sartowska, K. and Majewska, T. (2009). The effect of selenium source on performance, carcass traits, oxidative status of the organism, and meat quality of turkeys. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 18: 518–530.
  14. NRC. (1994). Nutrient Requirements of Poultry (9th edn), National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.
  15. Nunes, AV., Gozzo, A.J., Crus-Silva, I., Juliano, M.A. and Viel, T.A. (2005). Vitamin E prevents cell death induced by mild oxidative stress in chicken skeletal muscle cells. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 141: 225-240.
  16. Oliveira, T.F.B., Rivera, D.F.R., Mesquita, F.R., Braga, H., Ramos, E.M. and Bertechini, A.G. (2014). Effect of different sources and levels of selenium on performance, meat quality, and tissue characteristics of broilers. Appl. Poult. Res. 23: 15-22.
  17. Pappas, A.C., Zoidis, E., Papadomichelakis, G. and Fegeros, K. (2012). Supranutritional selenium level affects fatty acid composition and oxidative stability of chicken breast muscle tissue. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 96: 385-394.
  18. Rajashree, K., Muthukumar, T. and Karthikeyan, N. (2014). Influence of inorganic and organic selenium sources on broiler performance and meat quality. Iran. J. Appl. Anim. Sci. 1: 151-157.
  19. Rajput, N., Rind, M.I. and Rind, R. (2005). Effect flock size on Fayoumi layer production. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 4(10): 842-844.
  20. Romanov, M.N., Wezyk, S., Cywa-Benko, K., Sakhatsky, N.I. (1996). Poultry genetic resources in the countries of Eastern Europe: History and current state. Avian poult. biol. rev. 7: 1-29.
  21. Rozbicka-Wieczorek, A.J., Szarpak, E., Brzoska, F., Sliwinski, B., Kowalczyk, J. and Czauderna, M. (2012). Dietary lycopenes, selenium compounds and fish oil affects the profile of fatty acids and oxidative stress in chicken breast muscle. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 21: 705-724.
  22. Salman, M., Selcuk, Z. and Muglali, O.H. (2007). Effect of vitamin E and selenium on performance, plasma and tissue GSH-Px activity in broilers. J. Istanbul Vet. Sci. 3: 25-34.
  23. Senthil Kumaran, C.K., Sugapriya, S., Dhayalan, V., Ranjithkumar, R. and Chandarshekar, B. (2015). Influence of dietary selenium nanowires on growth performance of broiler chicken. Int. J. Biosci. Nanosci. 2: 78-83.
  24. Sevcikova, S., Skrivan, M., Dlouha, G. and Koucky, M. (2006). The effect of selenium source on the performance and meat quality of broiler chickens. Czech J. Anim. Sci. 51: 449-457.
  25. Upton, J.R., Edens, F.W. and Ferket, P.R. (2008). Selenium yeast effect on broiler performance. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 7: 798-805.
  26. Wang, Y.B. and Xu, B.H. (2008). Effect of different selenium source (sodium selenite and selenium yeast) on broiler chickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 144: 306-314.
  27. Zhao, L.Y. and Xu, S.Q. (2009). Effects of selenium and methionine supplementation of breeder hen diets on selenium concentration and oxidative stability of lipids in the thigh muscles of progeny. J. Food Sci. 74: 569-574.
     

Global Footprints