Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 55 issue 11 (november 2021) : 1371-1376

Phenotypic Characterization of Kachchhi-Sindhi Horses of India

Yash Pal, Anuradha Bhardwaj, Ram Avtar Legha, Thirumala Rao Talluri, Sharat Chandra Mehta, Bhupendra Nath Tripathi
1ICAR-National Research Centre on Equines, Sirsa Road, Hisar-125 001, Haryana, India.
Cite article:- Pal Yash, Bhardwaj Anuradha, Legha Avtar Ram, Talluri Rao Thirumala, Mehta Chandra Sharat, Tripathi Nath Bhupendra (2021). Phenotypic Characterization of Kachchhi-Sindhi Horses of India. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 55(11): 1371-1376. doi: 10.18805/IJAR.B-4221.
Background: Kachchhi-Sindhi horses are famous for their ‘Rewal chal’ (a unique style of running). These horses dominantly exist in the western-northern border of India adjoining Pakistan. The breeding tract of these horses is Surat, Navsari, Kachchh district of Gujarat and Jaisalmer-Barmer districts of Rajasthan in India. Most familiar colors in the Kachchhi-Sindhi horses are bay and chestnut. Roman nose, ears curved at tips but not touching each other, short back, short pastern length, broader hoof for better grip and docile temperament are major characteristics of these horses.
Methods: The present study is an effort to phenotypically characterize Kachchhi-Sindhi horse breed based on their different biometric indices for selection and conservation of stallions and mares for breeding purposes by private breeders. Fourteen biometric indices were recorded for phenotypic characterization of each breed viz., height at wither (HW), body length (BL), heart girth (HG), neck length (NL), face length (FL), face width (FW), pole, ear length (EL), ear width (EW), foreleg length (FLL), canon, pastern, hoof length (HoL) and hoof width (HoW). On average, these horses stand 148 cm height, have a body length of ~140 cm, a heart girth of ~165 cm, an ear length of ~15 cm and a face length of ~61 cm.
Result: Horse keepers sustain horses in intensive as well as an extensive system of rearing. It has also been ascertained from various sources that horse number is declining rapidly, however, breed population statistics are not available. There is, therefore, an urgent need to conserve this breed. Proper managemental practices and conservation efforts will pave the way for the multiplication of this valuable equine genetic resource of India.
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