Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 55 issue 12 (december 2021) : 1393-1400

Genetic Evaluation of Egg Production and Egg Quality Attributes in Japanese Quails through Partial Periods

M. Monika, J.J. Rokadae, R. Narayan, Med Ram Verma, Snehasmita Panda, Jyotirmoy Saharia
1Division of Avian Breeding and Genetics, ICAR-Central Avian Research Institute, Izzatnagar, Bareilly-243 122, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Cite article:- Monika M., Rokadae J.J., Narayan R., Verma Ram Med, Panda Snehasmita, Saharia Jyotirmoy (2021). Genetic Evaluation of Egg Production and Egg Quality Attributes in Japanese Quails through Partial Periods. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 55(12): 1393-1400 . doi: 10.18805/IJAR.B-4205.
Background: Egg production efficiency is typically measured through age and body weight at sexual maturity, egg number and egg weight during certain production periods. Increased egg weight and number of eggs are the primary purpose of the laying bird breeding programmes. Partial period analysis enhances selection process as the variations occurring throughout the bird’s productive life are identified and helps in the selection decisions. The current study aimed to study the genetic parameters such as heritability, phenotypic and genetic correlations to improve egg production performance and egg quality traits in Japanese quail reared at the Central Avian Research Institute (CARI).
Methods: In present investigation, data recording was carried out from the Japanese quail population at experimental quail farm, CARI during 2019-2020. The individual mating was conducted between 180 sires and 180 dams of three varieties of Japanese quails were randomly selected from the base populations to develop first generation of experimental population. The hatched chicks were wing banded and the pedigree details recorded. For economic traits such as egg production and egg quality estimation, 40 sires and 40 dams were selected and parameters were evaluated. 
Result: In this present investigation, egg number from 10-16th week of age exhibited moderate to high heritable values. Egg weight was estimated moderate heritability traits. In egg quality traits, all values were moderate to high heritable values except yolk density in all the three varieties. 

  1. Anang, A., Mielenz, N. and Schüler, L. (2001). “Monthly model for genetic evaluation of laying hens 1. Fixed regression. British Poultry Science. 42: 191-196.

  2. Bahie El-Dean, M., El-Tahawy, W.S., Attia, Y.A. and Meky, M.A. (2008). Inheritance of age at sexual maturity and its relationships with some production traits of Japanese quails. Egyptian Poultry Science Journal. 28: 1217-1232.

  3. Daikwo, S.I., Dim, N.I. and Momoh, O.M. (2013). Inheritance of egg quality traits in the Japanese quail. International Journal of Poultry Science. 12(3): 153-156.

  4. Dana, N., Vander Waaij, E.H. and Van Arendonk, J.M. (2011). Genetic and phenotypic parameter estimates for body weights and egg production in Horro chicken of Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 43: 21-28.

  5. Devi, K.S., Gupta, B.R., Prakash, M.G., Qudratullah, S. and Reddy, A.R. (2010). Genetic studies on growth and production traits in two strains of Japanese quails. Tamilnadu Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences. 6(5): 223-230.

  6. Funk, E.M. (1948). The relation of the yolk index determined in natural position to the yolk index as determined after separating the yolk from albumen. Poultry Science. 27: 376-380.

  7. Hanan, A.H., (2010). Variations in egg performance and plasma constituents at different ages of female Japanese quail. Egyptian Poultry Science Journal. 30 (2): 565-581.

  8. Haugh, R.R., (1937). A new method for determining the quality of an egg. US Egg Poultry. 39: 27-49.

  9. Heiman, V. and Carver, J.S. (1936). The albumen index as a physical measurement of observed egg quality. Poultry Science. 15: 141-148.

  10. Hidalgo, A.M., Martins, E.N., Santos, A.L.D., Quadros, T.C.O.D., Ton, A.P.S. and Teixeira, R., (2011). Genetic characterization of egg weight, egg production and age at first egg in quails. RevistaBrasileira de Zootecnia. 40(1): 95-99.

  11. Hocking, P.M., Bain, M., Channing, C.E., Fleming, R. and Wilson, S. (2003). Genetic variation for egg production, egg quality and bone strength in selected and traditional breeds of laying fowl. British Poultry Science. 44: 365-373.

  12. Ikeobi, C.O.N. (1998). Estimates of genetic parameters of some performance characters in egg-type chicken. Nigerian Journal of Science and Technology: 1.

  13. Jatoi, A.S, Sahota, A.W., Akram, M., Javed, K., Jaspal, M.H., Hussain, J., Mirani, A.H. and Mehmood, S. (2013). Effect of different body weight categories on the productive performance of four close-bred flocks of Japanese quails (Coturnixcoturnix japonica). Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences. 23(1): 7-13.

  14. Karami, K., Zerehdaran, S., Barzanooni, B. and Lotfi, E. (2017). Genetic analyses of partial egg production in Japanese quail using multi-trait random regression models. British poultry science. 58(6): 624-628.

  15. Kul, S., Seker, I. (2004). Phenotypic correlation between some external and internal egg quality traits in Japanese quail. International Journal of Poultry Science. 3 (6): 400-405.

  16. Kumari, B.P., Gupta, B.R. and Prakash, M.G. (2016). Genetic parameters of egg quality traits in two strains of Japanese quails. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 50(3): 293-299.

  17. Kumari, B.P., Gupta, B.R., Prakash, M.G., Reddy, A.R. and Reddy, K.S. (2009). Genetic studies on productive and reproductive traits of Japanese quails. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 43(4): 267-270.

  18. Lopes, P.S., (2005). Animal breeding theory. Belo Horizonte: FEPMV, 118.

  19. Lotfi, E., Zerehdaran, S. and Azari, M.A. (2012). Estimation of genetic parameters for egg production traits in Japanese quail (Coturnixcoturnix. japonica). Archiv fur Geflugelkunde. 76: 131-135.

  20. Luo, P.T., Yang, R.Q. and Yang, N. (2007). Estimation of Genetic Parameters for Cumulative Egg Numbers in a Broiler Dam Line by Using a Random Regression Model. Poultry Science. 86: 30-36.

  21. Mohsenin, N.N. (1970). Physical properties of plant and animal material. Gordon and Breach, New York.

  22. Narinc, D., Aygun, A., Karaman, E. and Aksoy, T. (2015). Egg shell quality in Japanese quail: characteristics, heritabilities and genetic and phenotypic relationships. Animal. 9(7): 1091-1096.

  23. Poggenpoel, D.G., Ferreira, G.F., Hayes, J.P. and Du Preez, J.J. (1996). Response to long- term selection for egg production in laying hens. British Poultry Science. 37(4): 743-756. 

  24. Polat, R., Tarhan, S., Cetin, M. and Atay, U. (2007). Mechanical behaviour under compression loading and some physical parameters of Japanese quail (Coturnixcoturnix japonica) eggs. Czech Journal of Animal Science. 52(2): 50.

  25. Reddish, J.M., Nestor, K.E. and Lilburn, M.S. (2003). Effect of selection for growth on onset of sexual maturity in randombred and growth-selected lines of Japanese quail. Poultry Science. 82(2): 187-191.

  26. Saatci, M., Omed, H. and ApDewi, I. (2006). Genetic parameters from univariate and bivariate analyses of egg and weight traits in Japanese quail. Poultry Science. 85(2): 185-190.

  27. Schultz, F.T. (1953). Analysis of egg shape in chickens. Biometrics. 79: 815-848.

  28. Seker, I., S. Kul, M. Bayraktar, O. Yildirim, (2008). Effect of layer age on some egg quality characteristics and egg production in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Journal of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ankara. 31: 129-138.

  29. Sezer, M. (2007). Heritability of exterior egg quality traits in Japanese quail. Journal of Applied Biological Science. (2): 37-40.

  30. Sezer, M. (2008). Heritability of interior egg quality traits for Japanese quail. Uluslararası Doğave Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi. 2: 77-79.

  31. Silversides, F.G. and Scott, T.A. (2001). Effect of storage and layer age on quality of eggs from two lines of hens. Poultry Science. 80: 1240-1245.

  32. Syed Hussein, S.A., Chee, Y.S. and Jamilah, M. (1995). Selection of quail for meat production. Malaysian Society of Animal Production. 124-125.

  33. Voisey, P.W. and Hamilton, R.M.G., (1977). Sources of error in egg specific gravity measurements by the flotation method. Poultry Science. 56(5): 1457-1462.

  34. Zang, L.C., Z.H. Ning, G.Y. Xu, Z.C. Hou and N. Yang (2005). Heritabilities and genetic and phenotypic correlations of egg quality traits in Brown egg dwarf layers. Poultry Science Journal. 84: 1209-1213.

Editorial Board

View all (0)