Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 50 issue 4 (august 2016) : 580-587

Carcass and meat quality characteristics of South African indigenous chickens

Ramokone Motsepe1, Monnye Mabelebele, David Norris, David Brown*, Jones Ngambi, Muzi Ginindza
1<p>University of Limpopo, School of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences,&nbsp;Department of Animal Science, Polokwane, South Africa 0727.</p>
Cite article:- Motsepe1 Ramokone, Mabelebele Monnye, Norris David, Brown* David, Ngambi Jones, Ginindza Muzi (2016). Carcass and meat quality characteristics of South African indigenous chickens . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 50(4): 580-587. doi: 10.18805/ijar.11159.

The present study was performed to determine the carcass and meat quality characteristics of male and female Ovambo and Potchefstroom koekoek (PK) indigenous chickens. A total of 320 male and female day old Ovambo and PK were randomly assigned to a 2 (breed) × 2 (sex) factorial arrangement in a completely randomised design. The chickens were raised from day-old and fed on a commercial grower diet containing 11.5 MJ/ME kg DM and 20 % crude protein until 18 weeks of age. Carcass traits of the Ovambo and PK were similar; however, male chickens had higher carcass traits than their female counterparts. Breed, sex and time interactions influenced colour parameters of thigh and drumstick meat except redness (a*) and yellowness (b*) values of chicken breast meat. The pH varied significantly amongst the breeds, sex and time period. The sensory evaluations of the chicken breeds were observed to be similar. However, tenderness of the breast meat as measured by shear force was higher for PK than Ovambo chickens. Fatty acid profiles of the chickens were not affected by breed or sex. The ratios of n-6 and n-3 fatty acids were significantly lower in both breeds which are desirable in reducing the risk of many diseases. Ovambo and PK chickens showed good meat quality traits. This information can assist in promoting production of indigenous chicken lines in South Africa. 

  1. Abdullah, A.Y., Al-Beitawi, N.A., Rjoup, M.M.S., Qudsieh, R.I and Ishmais, M.A.A. (2010). Growth performance, carcass and meat quality characteristics of different commercial crosses of broiler strains of chicken. Poult. Sci. 47: 13–21.

  2. Bett, H.K., Peters, K.J., Nwankwo, U.M and Bokelmann, W. (2013). Estimating consumer preferences and willingness to pay for the underutilized indigenous chicken products. Food Policy 41: 218–225.

  3. Castellini, C., Mungnai, C and DalBosco, A. (2002). Effect of organic production system on broiler carcass and meat quality. Meat Sci. 60: 219–225.

  4. De Smet, S., Raes, K and Demeyer, D. (2004). Meat fatty acid composition as affected by fatness and genetic factors: A review. Anim. Res. 53: 81–98. 

  5. Dyubele, N.L., Muchenje, V., Nkukwana, T.T and Chimonyo, M. (2010). Consumer sensory characteristics of broiler and indigenous chicken meat: A South African example. Food Qual. Pref. 21: 815–819.

  6. Fanatico, A., Pillai, C.P.B., Emmert, J.L and Owens, C.M. (2007). Meat quality of slow-growing and fast-growing chicken genotypes fed low-nutrient and standard diets and raised indoors with outdoor access. Poult. Sci. 86: 2245–2255

  7. Fletcher, D. L. (2002). Poultry meat quality. Worlds Poult. Sci. J. 58: 131-146.

  8. Folch, J., Lees, M and Stanley, S.G.H. (1957). A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. J. Biol. Chem. 226: 497- 509. 

  9. Garcia, E.A., Mendes, A.A., Curi, P.K, Silva, A.B., Da P and Gonzalez, A. (1991). Effect of line and diet on growth and carcass yield of broilers. Animal Breeding Abstract. 61, No. 8 1993. Geflugekd: 21–28.

  10. Gonzalez-Esquerra, R and Leeson, S. (2000). Effects of menhaden oil and flaxseed in broiler diets on sensory quality and lipid composition of poultry meat. Bri. Poult. Sci. J. 41:481–488.

  11. Gordon, S.H and Charles, D.R. (2002). Niche and Organic Chicken Products. UK: Nottingham University Press, Nottingham.

  12. Gous, R. (1999). Understanding growth carcass development. World’s Poult. Sci. 13: 46–48.

  13. Ilori, B.M., Peters, S.O., Ikeobi, C.O.N., Bamgbose, A.M., Isidahomen, C.E and Ozoje, M.O. (2010). Comparative assessment of growth in pure and crossbred Turkeys in a humid tropical environment. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 9: 368–375.

  14. Isidahomen, E.C., Ilori, B.M and Akano, K. (2012). Genetic and sex differences in carcass traits of Nigerian indigenous chickens. J. Anim. Sci. Adv. 2: 637–648.

  15. Joseph, J.K., Balogun, O and Famuyiwa, M.A. (1992). Carcass evaluation and organoleptic assessment of some selected Nigerian birds. Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa 40: 97–102.

  16. Kutu, F.R and Asiwe, J.A.N. (2010). Assessment of maize and dry bean productivity under different intercrop systems and fertilization regimes. Afr. J. Agric. Res. 5: 1627–1631. 

  17. Magala, H., Kugonza, D.R, Kwizera, H and Kyarisiima, C.C. (2012). Influence of varying dietary energy and protein on growth and carcass characteristics of Ugandan local chickens. J. Anim. Prod. Adv. 2 : 316-324.

  18. Molee, W., Puttaraksa, P. and Khempaka, S. (2012). Effect of rearing systems on fatty acid composition and cholesterol content of Thai indigenous chicken meat. World Acad. Sci. Eng. Technol. 69:704–706.

  19. Muchenje, V., Dzama, K., Chimonyo, M., Strydom, P.E., Hugo, A and Raats, J.G. (2009). Some biochemical aspects pertaining to beef eating quality and consumer health: A review: Food Chem. 112: 279–289.

  20. Packard, R. (2014). Comparison of Production Parameters and Meat Quality Characteristics of South African indigenous chickens. M.Sc Thesis, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa.

  21. Pica-Ciamarra, U and Dhawan, M. (2009). A rapid rural appraisal of the family-based initiative. A living from livestock. RR Nr.09–07.

  22. Rosegrant, M.W and Cline, S.A. (2003). Global food security: challenges and policies. Sci. 302: 1917-1919.

  23. SAS. (2010). Statistical Analysis System. SAS User Guide: Release 9.2. SAS Institute Inc, Cary N.C., USA. 

  24. Scheuermann, G.N., Bilgili, S.F., Hess, J.B and Mulvaney, D.R. (2003). Breast muscle development in commercial broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 29: 332–335.

  25. Shahin, K.A and Elazeem, F.A. (2005). Effects of breed and sex and diet and their interactions on carcass composition and tissue weight distribution of broiler chickens. Arch Tierzil 48: 612–626.

  26. Sheng, Z., Pettersson, M.E., Hu, X., Luo, C., Qu, H., Shu, D., Shen, X., Carlborg, Ö and Li, N. (2013). Genetic dissection of growth traits in a Chinese indigenous×commercial broiler chicken cross. BMC Genome 14: 151. 

  27. Simopoulos, A.P. (2002). The importance of the ratio of omega-6/omega-3 essential fatty acids. Biomed. Pharmacother. 56: 365–379.

  28. Tadelle, D., Million, T., Alemu, Y.J and Peters, K.J. (2003). Village chicken production systems in Ethiopia: 1. Flock characteristics and performance. Livestock Research for Rural Development 15: 1

  29. VanMarle-Koster, E and Webb, E.C. (2000). Carcass characteristics of South African native chicken lines. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci. 30: 53–56.

  30. Wattanachant, S., Benjakul, S and Ledward, D.A. (2004). Composition, color, and texture of Thai indigenous and broiler chicken muscles. Poult. Sci. 83: 123–128.

  31. Woelfel, R.L., Owens, C.M., Hirschler, E.M., Martinez-Dawson, R and Sams, A.R. (2002). The characterization and incidence of pale, soft, and exudative broiler meat in a commercial processing plant. Poult. Sci. 81: 579–584.


Editorial Board

View all (0)