Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 54 issue 5 (may 2020) : 570-572

Comparative gross anatomical studies on the shoulder girdle of crested serpent eagle (Spilornis cheela) and brown wood owl (Strix leptogrammica)

Keneisenuo, O.P. Choudhary, S. Debroy, R.S. Arya, P.C. Kalita, P.J. Doley, T.K. Rajkhowa, A. Kalita
1Department of Veterinary Anatomy and Histology, College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry,<br />Central Agricultural University, Selesih, Aizawl-796 015, Mizoram, India.
Cite article:- Keneisenuo, Choudhary O.P., Debroy S., Arya R.S., Kalita P.C., Doley P.J., Rajkhowa T.K., Kalita A. (2019). Comparative gross anatomical studies on the shoulder girdle of crested serpent eagle (Spilornis cheela) and brown wood owl (Strix leptogrammica). Indian Journal of Animal Research. 54(5): 570-572. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3819.
The shoulder girdle gives strength and range of motion to the wings of birds and plays a functional role in flight mechanism of birds. The present study was designed to compare the morphological features of shoulder girdle bones in crested serpent eagle and brown wood owl. The shoulder girdle comprised of the scapula, coracoid and fused clavicle i.e. furculum in both species. The proximal extremities of bones of shoulder girdle formed a foramen triosseum in both the species for tendon of supracoracoideus muscle. The proximal end of the scapula of crested serpent eagle presents a pneumatic foramen which was absent in the brown wood owl. The coracoid of crested serpent eagle presents a large pneumatic foramen at the medial surface of the acrocoracoid process. A piercing type of foramen was characteristic in the coracoid of both species. Procoracoid process was triangular in shape with a broad base in both the species with pointed apex in brown wood owl and short apex in crested serpent eagle. The clavicle was thin, slender and highly curved in crested serpent eagle, whereas it was slender and rod-like in brown wood owl. Numerous pneumatic foramina were present in the proximal extremity of the clavicle of the crested serpent eagle, which were few in brown wood owl. The distal extremity of both clavicle fused to form a hypocleideum in crested serpent eagle, which was absent in brown wood owl. 
  1. Choudhary, O.P. and Singh, I. (2015). Morphometrical studies on the skull of Indian blackbuck (Antelope cervicapra). Int J Morphol., 33(3): 868-876.
  2. Choudhary, O.P. and Singh, I. (2016). Morphological and radiographic studies on the skull of Indian blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra). Int J Morphol., 34(2): 788-796.
  3. Choudhary, O.P., Debroy, S., Keneisenuo, Kalita, P.C., Doley, P.J., Kalita, A., Rajkhowa, T.K. and Arya, R.S. (2018). Gross anatomical studies on the sternum of brown wood owl (Strix leptogrammica). Indian J Vet Anat., 30(2): 139-140.
  4. Choudhary, O.P., Kalita, P.C., Rajkhowa, T.K., Arya, R.S., Kalita, A. and Doley, P.J. (2018). Gross morphological studies on the sternum of crested serpent eagle (Spilornis cheela). Indian J Anim Res., DOI:10.18805/ijar.B-3699. 
  5. Choudhary, O.P., Singh, I., Bharti, S.K., Khan, I.M., Sathapathy, S. and Mrigesh, M. (2015). Gross and morphometrical studies on mandible of blackbuck (Antelope cervicapra). Int J Morphol., 33(2): 428-432.
  6. Damian, A., Chirilean, I., Gudea, A., Stan, F., Dezdrobitu, C., Irimescu, I., Crisan, M. and Burian, S. (2011). Anatomical features of bones directly involved in the act of flying in the homing pigeon and in the common pigeon. Vet Med., 68(1): 121-128.
  7. Dickinson, E.C. and Remsen, J.V.J. (2013). The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world: 1. Non-passerines. 4th edn., Aves Press, Eastbourne, UK.
  8. Dyce, K.M., Sack, W.O. and Wensing, C.J.G. (2009). Textbook of Veterinary Anatomy. 3rd edn., W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, USA. pp: 804-806.
  9. Frandson, R.D., Wilke, W.L. and Fails, A.D. (2009). Anatomy and Physiology of Farm Animals. 7th edn., Wiley-Blackwell, Ames, Iowa, USA. pp: 466-467.
  10. Getty, R. (1975). Sisson and Grossman’s: The Anatomy of Domestic Animals. 5th edn., W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, USA.
  11. Höfling, E. and Alvarenga, H.M.F. (2001). Osteology of the shoulder girdle in the piciformes, passeriformes and related groups of birds. Zool Anz., 240: 196-208.
  12. John, M. A., Sasan, J.S., Singh, A.D. and Choudhury, A.R. (2014). Comparative morphometry of the shoulder girdle of pigeon (Columba livia), crow (Corvus splendens) and owl (Otus bakomoena). Indian Vet J., 91(04): 43-45.
  13. John, M.A., Choudhury, A.R., Khan, M., Ahmad, K., Baba, M.A., Dar, F.A. and Rafiq, A. (2017). Comparative anatomical studies on shoulder girdle of pigeon hawk (Falco columbarius) and kite (Millvus migrans). Ind. J. Vet. Anat., 29(1):25-27.
  14. Patki, H.S., Lucy, K.M., Maya, S., Harshan, K.R. and Chungath, J. J. (2010). In Proc: 10th Indian Veterinary Congress and 17th Annual Conference of IAAVR on Newer Challenges in Veterinary Research Education, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India. 
  15. Tomar, M.P.S., Vaish, R., Rajput, N. and Shrivastav, A.B. (2010). Gross morphometrical studies on pectoral girdle of pariah kite (Milvus migrans). J Anim Vet Adv., 9(19): 2482- 2484.

Editorial Board

View all (0)