Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 54 issue 2 (february 2020) : 196-201

Immunostimulatory and antifertility effects of neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf extract on common carp (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeu)

Yadwinder Kaur, Asha Dhawan, B.T. Naveenkumar, Anuj Tyagi, A.H. Shanthanagouda
1College of Fisheries, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences Univeristy, Ludhiana-141 012, Punjab, India.
Cite article:- Kaur Yadwinder, Dhawan Asha, Naveenkumar B.T., Tyagi Anuj, Shanthanagouda A.H. (2019). Immunostimulatory and antifertility effects of neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf extract on common carp (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeu). Indian Journal of Animal Research. 54(2): 196-201. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3740.
180-day feeding trial was conducted on the growth performance, feeding efficacy, immunological parameters and gonadal reproductive parameters of common carp, Cyprinus carpio fed with neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf extract (NLE) incorporated at different levels (0, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 g kg-1 feed) in rice bran and mustard meal (1:1 ratio) basal diet. The study revealed highest Net Weight Gain (NWG) in fish fed on NE 1.0 g kg. Results showed that the good growth response was obtained in fish fed with the NLE 1.0 g kg-1 feed and least in fish fed only on basal diet (without NLE). Whereas, higher gonado-somatic index (GSI), relative fecundity and ova diameter values were obtained from fish fed on basal diet while the least were observed from fish fed only on basal diet, while the least value was fish fed with NLE 1.0 g kg-1 feed. Fish fed with NLE 1.0 g kg-1 feed also showed significantly (p<0.05) enhanced phagocytic activity ratio, Phagocytic index, NBT activity, CAT, SOD, GPx and GR responses in comparison with fish fed only on basal diet, where as LPO is significantly decreased on being fed with NLE up to 1g kg-1 feed. The study indicated that incorporation of NLE in feed improved growth, delayed female gonadal maturation and could be used as a potential immunostimulant and to control the prolificbreeding of C. carpio in aquaculture.
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