Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 53 issue 12 (december 2019) : 1661-1665

Serological and molecular detection of Bovine Herpes Virus 1 infection in cattle by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and polymerase chain reaction

P.M. Jithin, Surya Sankar, Binu K. Mani, Shibu Simon, Roshin M. Reji, Anu Bosewell, M. Mini
1Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Mannuthy Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Pookode, Wayanad, Kerala-680 651, India.
Cite article:- Jithin P.M., Sankar Surya, Mani K. Binu, Simon Shibu, Reji M. Roshin, Bosewell Anu, Mini M. (2019). Serological and molecular detection of Bovine Herpes Virus 1 infection in cattle by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and polymerase chain reaction. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 53(12): 1661-1665. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3701.
The present study was undertaken to assess the seroprevalence of Bovine Herpes Virus 1 (BoHV 1) in cattle in and around Thrissur district employing ELISA and to detect the presence of the virus from suspected cases of abortion in cattle using PCR assay. A total of 182 serum samples were screened using commercially available ELISA kit of which 22 were found positive for BoHV1 antibody with a seropositivity of 12.09 per cent. For the detection of BoHV1 virus in aborted cases, a PCR assay was standardised targeting glycoprotein C gene of BoHV1. Out of a total of 13 aborted foetal tissue samples, six were found to be positive with an amplicon size of 179 bp. Further, the amplicons were confirmed by nucleotide sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis of the sequences showed that our sample from Kerala grouped with isolates from India (Gujarat and UP), Brazil, Switzerland, and USA.
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