Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 53 issue 11 (november 2019) : 1489-1496

Seroprevalence of Sarcoptes scabiei var suis infestation in swine population and its effect on haemato-biochemical and oxidative stress indices and its management with special reference to herbal ointmen

Kalyan Sarma, Parimal Roychoudhury, Gunjan Das, Sanjoy Kumar Borthaku, Girin Kalita, H.Prasad, J.K. Chaudhary
1College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry Central Agricultural University, Selesih, Aizawl-796 014, Mizoram, India.
Cite article:- Sarma Kalyan, Roychoudhury Parimal, Das Gunjan, Borthaku Kumar Sanjoy, Kalita Girin, H.Prasad, Chaudhary J.K. (2019). Seroprevalence of Sarcoptes scabiei var suis infestation in swine population and its effect on haemato-biochemical and oxidative stress indices and its management with special reference to herbal ointmen. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 53(11): 1489-1496. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3672.
The study was undertaken to know the sero-prevalence of sarcoptic infestation in pig in Mizoram and its effect on haemato-biochemical and oxidative stress indices and to develop cost effective herbal therapeutic management. Total 600 pigs of three district of Mizoram, Aizawl, Kolasib and Mamit were screened by using commercial indirect ELISA SARCOPTES 2001H Pig (AFOSA GmbH, Blankenfelde-Mahlow, Germany) to detect anti-Sarcoptic antibodies. The results cleared that out of 600 inspected pigs, 100 (16.66%) were found to be seropositive with sarcoptic mange. Geographically, pigs from Aizawl areas were more exposed to mange infestation (56/200, 28%) than Kolashib (32/200, 16%) and Mamit (12/200, 6%). The neutrophil and eosinophil was significantly (Pd£ 0.05) increase and RBCs, Hb and PCV were significantly (Pd£ 0.05) decreased in infested groups. There were significant ELISA SARCOPTES-ELISA 2001H Pig decrease in values of total protein, albumin, while there were significant (Pd£ 0.05) increase in values of AST, ALT, ALP, BUN and creatinine In regard to oxidative stress, there was a significant (Pd£ 0.05) increase in malonyldialdehyde (LPO) and NO and significant (Pd£ 0.05) decrease in reduced GSH, SOD and TAA in infested group. In the present study, polyherb formulation showed similar efficacy to improve skin lesion, haemato-biochemical and oxidative stress indices with Ivermectin on 15th day of post therapeutic application against sarcoptic infestation in pigs. ELISA SARCOPTES-ELISA 2001H Pig represent a useful tool for population surveys and the plant extracts can be used as alternatives to drugs of synthetic origin.
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