Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 53 issue 3 (march 2019) : 355-360

Combating anestrous problem in crossbred cattle by nutritional interventions in field conditions of Odisha

Debasish Satapathy, Sumant Kumar Mishra, Raj Kishor Swain, Kamdev Sethy, Tarun Kumar Varun, Jatin Kumar Sahoo, Pinaki Samal, Satyaranjan Barik
1Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Bhubaneswar-751 003, Odisha, India.
Cite article:- Satapathy Debasish, Mishra Kumar Sumant, Swain Kishor Raj, Sethy Kamdev, Varun Kumar Tarun, Sahoo Kumar Jatin, Samal Pinaki, Barik Satyaranjan (2018). Combating anestrous problem in crossbred cattle by nutritional interventions in field conditions of Odisha. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 53(3): 355-360. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3504.
Through a survey in Kakatpur block, Odisha, twenty-one numbers of anestrous cattle were selected and equally divided in to three groups (T0, T1 and T2, n=7) for the experiment. T0 was kept as control (farmer’s practice), while T1 and T2 were provided with area specific mineral mixture (Ca, P, Mn, Cu, Zn) at 50g/day/animal and bypass fat at 100 g/day/animal, respectively for 60days. Average daily gain was significantly higher in T1 and T2 as compared to that of T0. Significant improvement in blood glucose, cholesterol, triglyceride and SGPT status was observed after various treatments. Due to mineral supplementation, all blood mineral status was improved. T1 and T2 groups exhibited better ovarian status and conception rate after treatment. Although, highest conception rate was observed in T2 group. Therefore, it can be concluded that supplementation of mineral mixture and bypass fat improved reproductive efficiency of anestrous animals along higher daily gain.
  1. Agrawalla, J., Sethy, K., Behera, K., Swain, R., Mishra, S., Sahoo, N., Mohapatra, M. and Khadenga, S. (2017). Improved reproductive performance of crossbred cattle in Puri district of Odisha following supplementation of area specific mineral mixture. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction, 38(2):43-45.
  2. Ali, F., Lodhi, L.A., Hussain, R. and Sufyan, M. (2014). Oxidative status and some serum macro minerals during estrus, anestrous and repeat breeding in Cholistani cattle. Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 34(4):532-534.
  3. Aliarabi, H. and Chhabra, A. (2006). Effect of inorganic and chelated zinc supplementation on the performance of crossbred calves. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition, 23: 141-145.
  4. AOAC., (2005). Official Methods of Analysis, 18th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists,Washington, DC.
  5. Butler, W.R., (2000). Nutritional interactions with reproductive performance in dairy cattle. Animal Reproduction Science, 60:449-457.
  6. Ganai, A.M., Matto, F.A., Singh, P.K. and Parray, B.A. (2004). A survey of feeds and feeding practices in Kashmir valley. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition, 21(1):69-72.
  7. Garg, M. (1997). Bypass fat production using acid oil, its effect on in vitro rumen fermentation and effect of its feeding on in sacco DM disappearance in sheep. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science, 10(6): 571-574.
  8. ICAR., 2013. Nutrient requirements of cattle and buffalo. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India.
  9. Karcagi, R.G., Gaál, T., Ribiczey, P., Huszenicza, G. and Husvéth, F. (2010). Milk production, peripartal liver triglyceride concentration and plasma metabolites of dairy cows fed diets supplemented with calcium soaps or hydrogenated triglycerides of palm oil. Journal of Dairy Research. 77(02):151-158.
  10. Khan, H.M., Mohanty, T.K., Bhakat, M., Gupta, A.K., Tyagi, A.K. and Mondal, G. (2015). Effect of vitamin E and mineral supplementation during peri-partum period on BCS, body weight and calf performance in murrah buffaloes. Buffalo Bulletin, 34(1):79-85.
  11. Kumar, H., Bhooshan, N., Dass, R.S. and Nandi, S. (2012). Supplementation of area specific mineral mixture improves the reproductive performance in buffaloes-a field study. Indian Journal of Animal Science, 82(10): 1245-1247.
  12. Kumar, S., Pandey, A.K., Razzaque, W.A.A. and Dwivedi, D.K. (2011). Importance of micro minerals in reproductive performance of livestock. Veterinary World. 4(5): 230-233.
  13. Lopes, C.N., Vasconcelos, J.L.M., Araujo, T.P.B. and Oliveira, L.O.F. (2007). Effect of supplementation with Megalac-E on pregnancy rate in primiparous Nellore cows. Poultry Science, 86:531-531.
  14. Mane, S.H., Fulpagare, Y.G., Mandakmale, S.D., Narvade, N.V. and Jadhav, S.S. (2016). Effect of protected protein and protected fat on production, reproduction performance and blood metabolites in crossbred cattle. Indian Journal of Animal Science, 86(8): 61-65.
  15. Meher, P., Mishra, S.K., Sethy, K., Swain, R.K., Sahoo, G. and Meher, S. (2017). Nutrient availability and supplementation of area specific mineral s and vitamins on the performance of crossbred cows in Bargarh district of Odisha. Exploratory Animal and Medical Research, 7(1):48-52.
  16. Mohapatra, P., Swain, R.K., Mishra, S.K., Sahoo, G. and Rout, K.K. (2012). Effect of supplementation of area specific mineral mixture on reproductive performance of the cows. Indian Journal of Animal Science, 82(12): 1558-1563.
  17. Mohri, M., Poorsina, S. and Sedaghat, R. (2010). Effects of parenteral supply of iron on RBC parameters, performance, and health in neonatal dairy calves. Biological Trace Elemement Research, 136(1):33-39.
  18. Moriel, P., Goncalves, E.P., Nayigihugu, V., Aines, G., Block, E. and Hess, B.W. (2009). Conception rates of beef cows fed a supplement with rumen-protected fat. Midwest ADSA- ASAS Abstract, 281.
  19. Rahbar, B., Safdar, A.H.A. and Kor, N.M. (2014). Mechanisms through which fat supplementation could enhance reproduction in farm animal. European Journal of Experimental Biology, 4(1):340-348.
  20. Rajesh, G., Mahendra, S., Roy, A.K. and Singh, S. (2014). Effect of prilled fat supplementation on milk yield, composition and plasma hormones in early lactation crossbred cows. Journal of Bio Innovation, 3(4): 216-224.
  21. Raval, A. P., Sorathiya, L. M., Kharadi, V. B., Patel, M. D., Tyagi, K. K., Patel, V. R. and Choubey, M. (2017). Effects of calcium salt of palm fatty acid supplementation onproduction performance, nutrient utilization and blood metabolitesin Surti buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Indian Journal of Animal Science, 87(9): 1124–1129.
  22. Sahoo, J.K., Das, S.K., Sethy, K., Mishra, S.K., Swain, R.K., Mishra, P.C. and Satapathy, D. (2016). Effect of supplementation of mineral mixture and bypass fat on performance of crossbred cattle. Journal of Animal Research, 6(4): 611-618.
  23. Shankhpal, S., Gupta, R.S., Parnerkar, S. and Dhami, A.J. (2016). Effect of feeding bypass fat and unprotected oil on feed intake, digestibility and production performance in lactating crossbred cows. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition, 33(3): 266-272.
  24. Sharma, M.C., Kumar, P. and Tiwari, R. (2012). Development of area specific mineral mixture for bovine and impact assessment of post supplementation on livelihood of farmers of eastern Uttar Pradesh. Journal of Community Mobilization and Sustainable Development, 7(1):01-06.
  25. Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G. (1994). Statistical Methods. 8th ed. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa.
  26. Theodore, V.K., Panchal, M.T., Dhami, A.J., Parmar, S.C., Bhanderi, B.B. and Chaudhary, S. (2017). Effect of bypass fat and minerals supplementation during transitional period on plasma levels of thyroid hormones, metabolites and postpartum fertility in crossbred cows. The Indian Journal of Veterinary Sciences and Biotechnology, 13(01): 01-08.
  27. Wadhwa, M., Grewal, R.S., Bakshi, M.P.S. and Brar, P.S. (2012). Effect of supplementing bypass fat on the performance of high yielding crossbred cows. Indian Journal of Animal Science, 82(2): 94-97.
  28. Yasothai, R. (2014). Importance of minerals on reproduction in dairy cattle. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, 3(6):2051-2057. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)