First attempt of captive breeding, embryonic and larval development of Barilius bendelisis (Hamilton 1807) 

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-3502    | Article Id: B-3502 | Page : 281-287
Citation :- First attempt of captive breeding, embryonic and larval development of Barilius bendelisis (Hamilton 1807).Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2019.(53):281-287
Neha Saxena, Rabindar Singh Patiyal, Kiran Dube, Virendra K. Tiwari and Javaid Iqbal Mir kirandr@cife.edu.in
Address : ICAR- Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai 400 061, Maharashtra, India.
Submitted Date : 25-09-2017
Accepted Date : 9-06-2018

Abstract

The study describes, for the first time, captive breeding, embryonic and larval development of Barilius bendelisis. The captive breeding trial was carried out in April, in fish farm of Directorate of Coldwater Fisheries Research (DCFR), Bhimtal, India using differnet doses of  ovatide. The most appropriate dose of ovatide was reported to be 0.3 ml/kg body weight to males and 0.6 ml/kg body weight to females. Fertilized eggs measuring 1.4-1.7 mm were spherical, demersal, and transparent with dark yellow coloured yolk. Hatching occurred 140 -160 hours after fertilization at 19.09°C ± 0.395.  Newly hatched larvae were transparent with yellowish yolk reserve, measuring 5.57 - 6.71 mm in total length and characterized by pigmented eye and yolk sac which completely absorbed in 72 hours. 

Keywords

Barilius bendelisis Captive breeding Egg ontogeny Embryonic development Larval development.

References

  1. Andrade-Talmelli, E. F., Kavamoto, E. T., Romagosa, E., and Fenerich-Verani, N. (2001). Embryonic development of the ‘piabanha’, Brycon insignis, (Steindachner, 1876) (Pisces; Characidae). Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, 27: 21-28.
  2. Aral, F., Þahýnöz, E., and Doðu, Z., (2011). Embryonic and Larval Development of Freshwater Fish. INTECH Open Access Publisher.
  3. Azuadi, N. M., Siraj, S. S., Daud, S. K, Christianus, A., Harmin, S. A., Sungan, S., and Britin, R. (2013). Induced Ovulation, Embryonic and Larval Development of Malaysian Mahseer, Tor tambroides (Bleeker, 1854) in Captivity. Asian .J Anim. Vet. Adv., 8: 761-774.
  4. Bhattacharya, H., Zhang, S. C., and Wang, Y. J. (2005). Embryonic development of the rosy barb Puntius conchonius Hamilton 1822 (Cyprinidae). Trop. Zoo., 18 (1): 25-37.
  5. Billard, R., Reinaud, P., Hollebecq, M. G., and Breton, B. (1984). Advancement and Synchronization of spawning in Salmo gairdneri and Sital trutta following administration of LHRHa Combined or not with pimozide. Aqua., 43: 57-66.
  6. Borcato, F. L, Bazzoli, N., and Sato, Y. (2004). Embriogenesis and larval ontogeny of the Pirugordura, Leporinus piau (Fowler) (Pisces, Anostomidae) after induced spawning. Rev. Bras. de Zoolo., 21: 117-122.
  7. De Vlaming, V. L., Grossman, G., and Chapman, F. (1982). On the use of the gonosomatic index. Comp. Bio. Phy., 73A: 31–39. 
  8. Dobriyal, A. K., and Singh, H. R. (1987). The reproductive biology of hill stream minor carp Barilius bendelisis from Garhwal Himalaya India. Vest. Ce Spolec. Zool., 51:1-10.
  9. Eschmeyer, W. N., and Fricke, R. (Eds.). (2011). Catalog of Fishes electronic version (29 March 2011). Retrie­ved from http://    research.calacademy.org/ichthyolo­gy/catalog/fishcatmain.asp.Accessed on 30th March 2011
  10. Grover, S. P. (1971). Some biological notes on Barilius bendelisis (Hamilton). In. J. Fish., 18 (1): 182-183.
  11. IUCN (2016). Red List of Threatened Species, vers. 2012.1.
  12. Jayalal, L., and Ramachandran, A. (2012). Export trend of Indian ornamental fish industry. Ag. Bio. J. N. Am.,3(11): 439–451.
  13. Jonsson, B., and Svavarsson, E. (2000). Connection between egg size and early mortality in Arctic charr, Salvelinus Alpine. Aqua., 187: 315-317.
  14. Menon, A .G. K. (1999). Check list - fresh water fishes of India. Zoo. Surv. Indian., 175: 366 .
  15. Mir, J. I., Saxena, N., Patiyal, R. S., and Sahoo, P. K. (2015). Phenotypic differentiation of Barilius bendelisis (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) in four rivers from Central Indian Himalaya. Rev. de Biol. Trop., 63(1): 165-173.
  16. Najar, A. M., Bhat, F. A., Samoon, M. H. and Balkhi, M. H., (2012). First report on induced breeding, mass seed production and conservationof snow trout (Schizothorax niger) in Kashmir Himalaya.In: National seminar on National consultation on mountain fisheries: Challenges and opportunity for livelihood security (Souvenir cum abstract book), 5-6 November. Directorate of Coldwater Fisheries Research, Bhimtal. Pp 96.
  17. Sado, T., and Kimura, S. (2005). Developmental morphology of the Indian cyprinid fish Barilius canarensis. Ichth. Res., 52: 360-363.
  18. Sah, S., Barat, A., Pande, V., Sati, J., and Goel, C. (2011). Population Structure of Indian Indian Hill trout (Barilius bendelisis) inferred from variation in mitochondrial DNA sequences. Adv. Biol. Res., 5: 93-98.
  19. Sharma, N. K., Akhtar, M. S., Pandey, N., Singh, R., and Singh, A. K. (2015). Seasonal variation in thermal tolerance, oxygen consumption, antioxidative enzymes and non-specific immune indices of Indian hill trout, Barilius bendelisis (Hamilton, 1807) from Central Himalaya, India. J. Ther. Biol., 52: 166-176.
  20. Savas, E., Sener, E., and Yildiz, M., (2006). Investigation of embryologic and larval development of the gold fish (Carassius sp.). J. Fac. Vet. Med., Istanbul University, 32(3): 7- 19 [in Turkish].
  21. Talwar, P. K. and Jhingran, A. G. (1991). Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541
  22. Van der Kraak, G. L., Hiln, H. R., Donaldson, E. M., Dye, D. H., and Hunter, G. A. (1983). Effects of LH-RH and des-Gly10 [D-Ala6] LH-RH ethylamide on plasma gonadotropin levels and oocyte maturation in adult female coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). Gen. Comp. Endo., 49: 470- 476.
  23. Watson, C. A., and Chapman, F. A. (2002). Artificial incubation of fish eggs. Fact Sheet FA-32, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, University of Florida Extension. Available at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/FA/ FA05100.pdf (accessed 03 February 2011). 

Global Footprints