Extent of adaptation of high yielding murrah buffaloes to negative energy balance in response to various dry period lengths

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-3407    | Article Id: B-3407 | Page : 1552-1556
Citation :- Extent of adaptation of high yielding murrah buffaloes to negative energy balance in response to various dry period lengths.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2018.(52):1552-1556
A. Nagarjuna Reddy, Ch. Venkata Seshiah, K. Sudhakar, D. Srinivasa Kumar and P. Ravi Kanth Reddy ravi.nutrition001@gmail.com
Address : Department of Livestock Production Management, NTRCVSc, Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Gannavaram-521 102, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Submitted Date : 20-03-2017
Accepted Date : 28-04-2017

Abstract

Higher serum Non Esterified Fatty acid (SNEFA) concentration associated with negative energy balance (NEB) around calving has been used to predict dairy animals at risk for metabolic disorders. The aim of the study was to investigate the SNEFA, Altered Non Esterified Fatty Acid percentage (ANEFAP) levels and Service period (SP) in forty eight dairy buffaloes allotted to three dry period lengths (> 60 d (n=16); 46 to 60 d (n=16); and 30 to 45 d (n=16)). The serum NEFA and ANEFAP levels were influenced by length of dry period and pre and postpartum periods of the entire experimental study. The NEFA concentration showed an increased trend from the time of drying to 60 days postpartum, followed by a decreased trend from 60 to 90 days postpartum, irrespective of the groups. The NEFA concentration has increased (P<0.05) with higher postpartum ANEFAP levels (P<0.05), either pre or postpartum in the buffaloes allotted to traditional dry period group. SNEFA concentration was negatively correlated with serum glucose (SG) concentration (P<0.01) and 6% FCM (P<0.05) at 30 and 60 d postpartum, respectively. The mean days required for postpartum conception were highest (P<0.05) in first group (144.38 ± 5.62) followed by second (105.00 ± 5.07) and third group (86.25 ± 5.39) buffaloes. Additionally, the success rate of insemination was less in group I compared to the other shortened dry period groups. In the present study, it is concluded that the buffaloes in shortened dry period groups adapt well to the negative energy balance compared to those allotted to conventional dry period lengths (60 or > 60 days).
 

Keywords

Conception rate Dry period Murrah Buffaloes Negative energy balance Non esterified fatty acids 6% FCM

References

  1. AOAC, (2007). Official Methods of Analysis, Association of official Analytical chemists, Edn.13th., Washington, D.C, USA.
  2. Chuang, X. U., Tai-yu Shen, Yuan Yao, Hong-jiang Yu, Cheng XIA, Hong-you, Z. (2016). Blood clinicopathological differences between type I and II ketosis in dairy cows. Indian J. Anim. Res. 50(5): 753-758.
  3. De Feu, M. A. A. C., Evans, P. L. and Butler, S. T. (2009). The effect of dry period duration and dietary energy density on milk production, bioenergetic status, and postpartum ovarian function in Holstein-Friesian dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 92: 6011-6022.
  4. Duncan, D.B.(1955). Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics 11:1
  5. Falholt, K., Lund, B. and Falholt, W. (1973). An easy colorimetric micro method for routine determination of free fatty acids in plasma. Clin. Chim. Acta. 46:105-111.
  6. Grum, D. E., Drackley, J. K., Younker, R. S.,Lacount, D. W. and Veenhuizen, J. J. (1996). Nutrition during the dry period and hepatic lipid metabolism of periparturient cows. J. Dairy Sci.79:1850-1864.
  7. Grummer, R. R. (1995). Impact of changes in organic nutrient metabolism on feeding the transition dairy cow. J. Anim. Sci.73:2820-2833.
  8. Herdt, T. H. (2000). Ruminant adaptation to negative energy balance.Influences on the etiology of ketosis and fatty liver. Vet. Clin. North Am. Food Anim. Pract. 16:215-230.
  9. Khan, H. M., Mohanty, T. K., Bhakat, M., Raina, V. S. and Gupta, A. K. (2011). Relationship of blood metabolites with reproductive parameters during various seasons in Murrah buffaloes. Asian –Aust.J.Anim.Sci. 24(9):1192-1198.
  10. Melendez, P., Donovan, A., Risco, C. A., HaLL, M. B., Littell, R. and Goff, J. (2002). Metabolic responses of transition Holstein cows fed anionic salts and supplemented at calving with calcium and energy. J. Dairy Sci. 85:1085-1092.
  11. O’Doherty, A. M., O’Gorman, A., Al Naib, A., Brennan, L., Daly, E., Duffy, P., Fair, T. (2014). Negative energy balance affects imprint stability in oocytes recovered from postpartum dairy cows. Genomics 104(3): 177-185.
  12. Pezeshki, A., Mehrzad, J., Ghorbani, G. R., Rahmani, H. R., Collier, R. J. and Burvenich, C. (2007). Effect of short dry periods on performance and metabolic status in Holstein dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci.90:5531-5541. 
  13. Reddy, P. R. K., Raju, J. K., Reddy, A. N., Reddy P. P. R. and Hyder, I. (2016). Transition period and its successful management in dairy cows. Indian J. Nat. Sci. 7(38): 11691-11699.
  14. Rice, V. A., Andrews, F. N., Warnwick, K. and Legates, J. E. (1970). Breeding and Improvement of Farm Animals, 6th ed. Tata .Mccrah Hill Publishing Company Ltd. Bombay, India.
  15. Shoshani, E., Rozen, S. and Doekest, J.J. (2014). Effect of a short dry period on milk yield and content, colostrum quality, fertility and metabolic status of Holstein cows. J. Dairy Sci. 97:2909-2922.
  16. Snedecor, G. W. and Cochran, W. G. (1994). Statistical Methods, 8th edn, Iowa State University press, Ames, Iowa USA-50010.
  17. VanSoest, P. J., Robertson, J. B. and Lewis, B. A. (1991). Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74: 3583-3597.
  18. Weber, C., Hametner, C., Tuchscherer, A., Losand, B., Kanitz, E., Otten, W., Singh, S. P., Bruckmaier, R. M., Becker, F., Kanitz, W. and Hammon, H. M. (2013). Variation in fat mobilization during early lactation differently affects feed intake, body condition, and lipid and glucose metabolism in high-yielding dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 96: 165-180.

Global Footprints