Physiological responses in pigs on antioxidant supplementation during summer and winter

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-3401    | Article Id: B-3401 | Page : 1557-1559
Citation :- Physiological responses in pigs on antioxidant supplementation during summer and winter.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2018.(52):1557-1559
Arindam Chakraborty, Anubha Baruah, B.C. Sarmah, J. Goswami, Arundhati Bora, D.J. Dutta, R.K. Biswas, Dhireswar Kalita, S. Naskar, Y. Vashi and Donna Phangchopi arindamc192@gmail.com
Address : Department of Veterinary Physiology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Khanapara, Guwahati-781 022, Assam, India
Submitted Date : 3-03-2017
Accepted Date : 6-05-2017

Abstract

The objective of the study was to assess the variability in the physiological responses of growing pigs on melatonin and vitamin E supplementation during summer and winter seasons.36 nos. of weaned crossbred (Hampshire X Assam local) female pigs were selected for the study. Eighteen (18) animals were subjected to treatment separately during summer and winter. The selected animals were divided into three groups, with six pigs in each group, consisting of the control group (Treatment 1), a second group comprising of animals fed with melatonin (Meloset) @3 mg/animal (Treatment 2) and a third group in which the animals were fed Vitamin E (Evion) @100 mg (Treatment 3), for both the seasons. The rectal temperature, respiration and pulse rate differed significantly (P<0.01) between seasons. There was also significant difference (P<0.01) in the mean pulse rate between treatment.

Keywords

Antioxidants Physiological Pigs Summer Winter

References

  1. Al-Haidary, A.A. (2004). Physiological responses of Naimey sheep to heat stress challenge under semi-arid environments. Int. J. Agri. Biol., 6 (2): 307-309
  2. Brown-Brandl, T.M.; Nienaber, J.A.; Xin, H. and Gates, R.S. (2004). A literature review of swine heat production. Trans. ASAE., 47:259-27
  3. Curtis, S.E. 1983. Environmental Management in Animal Agriculture. Ames; Iowa State University Press.
  4. Hafez, E.S.E. (1968). Adaptation of Domestic Animals. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, USA, pp 103.
  5. Huynh, T.T.T.; Aarnink, A.J.A.; Verstegen, M.W.A.; Gerrits, W.J.J. and Heetkamp, M.J.W. (2005). Endocrinological changes in response to terminal heat stress in swine. J. Anim. Sci. 39:79-82.ISBN978072028781
  6. Marai, I.F.M.; El-Drawany, A.A.; Fadiel, A. and Abdel-Hafez, M.A.M. (2007). Physiological traits as affected by heat stress in sheep. Small Rum. Res., 71: 1-12.
  7. Marple, D.N.; Jones, D.J.; Alliston, C.W. and Forrest, J.C. (1974). Physiological and Livestock Prod. Sci., 96: 205-214.
  8. Mount, L.E. (1979). Adaptation to thermal environment: Man and his productive animals. Edward Arnold Limited, Thomson Litho Ltd, East Kilbride, Scotland
  9. Nienaber, J.A. and Hahn, G.L. (2007). Livestock production system management responses to thermal changes. Int. J. Biometeorol., 52: 149-157
  10. Patience, J.F.; Umboh, J.F.; Chaplin, R.K. and Nyachoti, C.M. (2005). Nutritional and physiological responses of growing pigs exposed to a diurnal pattern of heat stress. Livestock Production Science, 96:205-214.
  11. Peter, G.G. Jackson and Peter, D. Cockroft (2014). Handbook of Pig Medicine.
  12. Quiniou, N. and Noblet, J. (1999). Influence of high ambient temperatures on performance of multiparous lactating sows. American Society of Animal Science, 7:2124-2134.
  13. The Normal Animal 4-H Veterinary Science Project Book, Unit I, Lesson III: Body Temperature, Pulse and Respiration Rate pages 16 to 20 (2010) 

Global Footprints