Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.4 (2024)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 52 issue 9 (september 2018) : 1368-1372

Association of milk quality parameters with teat and udder traits in Tharparkar cows

M. Aurif Wagay, A.K.S. Tomar, S.A. Lone, Anup K. Singh, Carolina P.
1Division of Livestock Production and Management, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132 001, Haryana, India.
Cite article:- Wagay Aurif M., Tomar A.K.S., Lone S.A., Singh K. Anup, P. Carolina (2017). Association of milk quality parameters with teat and udder traits inTharparkar cows. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52(9): 1368-1372. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3363.
The present experiment was carried out to study the association of milk quality traits (fat, protein, lactose, solid not fat (SNF), total solids (TS) and somatic cell count (SCC)) with teat traits ((teat length (TL), teat diameter (TD), distance between teats (DbT) and teat tip height from ground (THFG)) and udder traits ((udder circumference= UC, udder depth (UD), udder width (UW) and udder height from ground (UHFG)), in Tharparkar cows. The experiment was carried out on 32 tharparkar cows of different parities and lactation stages. Morning and evening measurement of teat and udder traits was carried out before milking and approximately 30 ml of representative milk samples were taken from each of the functional quarters and one composite milk sample of each experimental animal fortnightly from the date of calving of the animal in clean sampling bottles. Fat% and SNF% showed a negative, significant (P<0.05) to highly significant (P<0.01) correlation with TD, UL and FUD. Protein% expressed a positive, significant (P<0.05) to highly significant (P<0.01) correlation with UC, FUD and DbT. Further, Fat%, SNF% and TS% expressed a positive, significant (P<0.05) to highly significant (P<0.01) correlation with THFG. SCC (×105/ml) showed a positive, significant (P<0.05) to highly significant (P<0.01) correlation with TL, TD, DbT, UC and UL, whereas it had a negative correlation with THFG, rear-udder depth (RUD) and UW. It was further observed that Fat% expressed a positive highly significant (P<0.01) phenotypic correlation with SNF% and TS%. SNF%, Lactose%, Protein% and TS% expressed a negative phenotypic correlation with SCC.
  1. Coban, O., Sabuncuoglu, N. and Tuzemen, N. (2009). A study on relationships between somatic cell count (SCC) and some udder traits in dairy cows. J. of Anim. & Vet. Adv., 8(1): 134-138.
  2. El-Gendy, M. E., Youssef, H. F. H., Saifelnasr, E. O. H., El-Sanafawy, H. A. and Saba, E. S. (2014). Relationship between udder characteristics and each of reproductive performance and milk production and milk composition in Zaraibi and Damascus dairy goats. Egyptian J. Sheep & Goat Sci., 9(3): 95-104.
  3. Fernandes, A. M., Oliveira, C. A. F. and Tavolaro, P. (2004). Relationship between somatic cell counts and composition of milk from individual Holstein cows. Arq. Inst. Boil. Sao Paulo., 71: 163-166.
  4. Gulyas, L. and Ivancsics, J. (2001). The relationship between the somatic cell count and certain udder morphologic traits. Allattenyesztes es Takarmanyozas., 49: 331-339.
  5. IBM Corp. (2013). IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 22.0. Armonk, NY.
  6. Jorstad, A., Farver, T. B. and Riemann, H. (1989). Teat canal diameter and other cow factors with possible influence on somatic cell counts in cow milk. Acta Vet. Scand.,30: 239-245.
  7. Juozaitiene, V., Juozaitis, A. and Micikeviciene, R. (2006). Relationship between somatic cell count and milk production or morphological traits of udder in Black-andWhite cows. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci., 30: 47-51.
  8. Kul, E. and Erdem, H. (2008). Relationships between somatic cell count and udder traits in jersey cows. J. Appl. Anim., 34: 101–104.
  9. Madrid, S. G. and Echeverri, Z. J. J. (2014). Association between conformation traits and reproductive traits in Holstein cowsin the department of Antioquia-Columbia. Rev. Fac. Nal. Agr. Medellín., 67 (2): 7311-7319.
  10. Marian, K. (2003). Analysis of changes in udder size of high yielding cows in subsequent lactation with regard to mastitis. Electronic J. Polish Agric. Univ. Anim. Husbandry,. 6(1): 1-8.
  11. Nielsen N. I., Larsen T., Bjerring M. and Ingvartsen, K. L. (2005). Quarter health, milking interval, and sampling time during milking affect the concentration of milk constituents. J. Dairy Sci., 88: 3186–3200.
  12. Ptak, E., Jagusiak, W., ¯arnecki, A. and Otwinowska-Mindur, A. (2011). Heritabilities and genetic correlations of lactational and daily somatic cell score with conformation traits in Polish Holstein cattle. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 56 (5): 205-212.
  13. Rao, T. K. S., Dang, A. K. and Singh, C. (2007). Effect of udder and teat characteristics on milk composition and yield of Karan Fries cows. Ind. J. Dairy Sci., 60(5): 355- 359.
  14. Ronningen, O. and Reitan, A. D. (1990). Teat length and penetration into teatcup during milking in Norwegian Red Cattle. J. Dairy Res., 57: 165-170. 
  15. Rupp, R. and Boichard, D. (1999). Genetic parameters for clinical mastitis, somatic cell score, production, udder type traits, and milking ease in first lactation Holsteins. J. Dairy Sci. 82: 2198- 2204.
  16. Tag El-Dein, M. A. and Shereen K. G. (2011). Relationships among udder conformation, productive traits and milk somatic cell counts in Friesian cows under the egyption farm conditions. Alex. J. Vet. Sci., 33 (1): 105-118.
  17. Van der Geer, D. V. D., Schukken, Y. H., Grommers, F. J. and Brand, A. (1988). A matched case control study on clinical mastitis in Holstein-Friesian dairy cows. I. Ekesbo (Ed.), VIth Int. Cong. On Animal Hygiene, Skara, Sweden, pp. 60-64.
  18. Zink, V., Zavadilova, L., Lassen, J., Stipkova, M., Vacek, M. and Stolc, L. (2014). Analyses of genetic relationship between linear type traits, fat-to-protein ratio, milk production traits, and somatic cell count in first-parity Czech Holstein cows. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 59(12): 539-547.

Editorial Board

View all (0)