Effect of modified housing system on physiological parameters of Murrah buffaloes during autumn and winter season 

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-3305    | Article Id: B-3305 | Page : 829-833
Citation :- Effect of modified housing system on physiological parameters of Murrah buffaloes during autumn and winter season.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2018.(52):829-833
Amit Kumar, M.L. Kamboj, Subhash Chandra and Pranay Bharti subhashchandra20july@gmail.com
Address : ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132 001, Haryana, India.
Submitted Date : 14-09-2016
Accepted Date : 11-03-2017

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of modified housing system on physiological parameters like rectal temperature, skin temperature, plasma cortisol level, respiration rate and pulse rate (counts/min) of Murrah buffaloes during autumn and winter seasons. A total of 14 lactating Murrah buffaloes were randomly selected and divided into two groups, on the basis of age, body weight (BW) and parity (P). T1=First group (n=7; BW=544.86kg; P=2.14) of buffaloes was housed under existing loose housing system and T2=Second group (n=7; BW=547.71kg; P=2.28) of buffaloes was housed under modified shed. In the present study, in autumn and winter season the mean rectal temperature were (T1=101.56±0.06 vs. T2=100.94±0.12ºF and T1=100.71±0.10 vs. T2=100.22±0.08ºF), skin temperature were (T1=95.19±0.61 vs. T2=93.01±0.57 ºF and T1=90.27±0.23 vs. T2=89.06±0.27 ºF) and plasma cortisol level (T1=4.04±0.23 vs. T2=3.31±0.21 and T1=3.19±0.12 vs. T2=2.70±0.14 ng/ml) respectively. These parameters were significantly (P<0.05) lower in buffaloes housed under T2 as compared to T1 in autumn season, respiration rate (T1=37.39±1.02 vs. T2=30.99±1.21 and T1=26.56±0.84 vs. T2=23.81±0.66 counts/min.) was significantly lower in autumn (P<0.01) and winter season (P<0.0) and pulse rate (T1=60.91±1.17 vs. T2=52.52±1.44 and T1=55.01±0.52 vs. T2=51.27±0.53 counts/min) was significantly (P<0.01) lower in buffaloes housed under T2 as compared to T1 in both seasons. The Murrah buffaloes housed under modified shed were improved physiological reactions during the autumn and winter seasons. 

Keywords

Housing modification Murrah buffaloes Physiological parameters Pulse rate Rectal temperature.

References

  1. Aggarwal, A. (2004). Effect of environment on hormones, blood metabolites, milk production and composition under two sets of management in cows and buffaloes. PhD Thesis Submitted to National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal (Haryana), India.
  2. Aggarwal, A. and Singh, M. (2008). Changes in skin and rectal temperature in lactating buffaloes provided with showers and wallowing during hot-dry season. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 40: 223-228. 
  3. Anderson, N. (2002). Observations on cow comfort using 24 hour time lapse video. Pages 27-34 in Proceeding 12th International Symposium on Lameness in Ruminaants. Orlando, Florida. 
  4. Cappa, V., Vazahapilly, P., Maianti, M. G., Lombardelli, R and Frazzi, G. (1989). Effect of environmental variations (microclimate) on the performance of dairy cows. Scienza-e-Technical-Lattiero-casearia, 40(2): 98-115.
  5. El-Kaschab, S. O., Saddick, I. S., and El-Aref, M. (2009). Evaluating of housing systems comfort using behavioural activities in buffalo calves. In Proceedings of the 2nd Scientific Conference of animal wealth research in the Middle East and North Africa, Cairo International Convention Center, 24-26 October, 2009(pp. 18-36). Massive Conferences and Trade Fairs. 
  6. Ferreira, F., Pires, M. F. A., Martinez, M. L., Coelho, S. G., Carvalho, A. U., Ferreira, P. M., Facury F. E.J.and Campos, W. E. (2006). Parâmetros fisiológicos de bovinos cruzados submetidos ao estresse calórico. Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia.
  7. Habeeb, A. A. M., Aboulnaga, A. J. and Kamal, T. H. (2001). Heat – induced changes in body water concentration, Ts, cortisol, glucose and cholesterol level and their relationships with thermoneutral body weight gain in Frisian calves. Proceedings of 2nd International conference on Animal production and health in semi-arid Areas, El-Arish, North Sinai, Egypt, 97-108. 
  8. Hatem, M. H. R., Sadek, R. and Samer, M. (2004). Cooling, shed height, and shed orientation affecting dairy cows microclimate. Journal of Agriculture and Engineering, 21(3): 714–726. 
  9. Joshi R. K. (2014). Studies on performance and behaviour of crossbred cows housed under an improved loose housed system. M.V.Sc. Thesis, ICAR NDRI Karnal, Haryana, India.
  10. Katakatalware, M. A. (2004). Studies on production performance, behaviour and physiological parameter of crossbred dairy cow under different shelter management system. PhD thesis, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, India. 
  11. Khongdee, T., Sripoon, S. And Vajrabukka, C. (2013). The effects of high temperature and roof modification on physiological responses of swamp buffalo (Bubalusbubalis) in the tropics International Journal of Biometeorol, 57: 349–354. 
  12. Marai, I. F. M. And Habeeb, A. A. M. (2010). Buffalo’s biological functions as affected by heat stress—a review. Livestock Science, 127: 89–109. 
  13. Scott, I. M., Johnson, H. D. and Hahn, G. L. (1983). Effect of programmed diurnal temperature cycles on plasma thyroxine level, body temperature, and feed intake of Holstein dairy cows. International Journal of Biometeorol, 27: 47–62. 
  14. Sinha R. (2015). Effect of modified housing system on performance and behaviour of crossbred cows during hot humid and autumn seasons. M. V. Sc. Thesis submitted to NDRI, Karnal, Haryana. 
  15. Snedecor G. W. and Cochran, W. G. (1994). Statistical Methods. Oxford and IBH Publications, New Delhi. 
  16. SPSS, (1996). Statistical Software Package for the Social Sciences. SPSS Int., USA. 
  17. Yadav, B., Pandey, V., Yadav, S., Singh, Y., Kumar V. and Sirohi, R. (2016). Effect of misting and wallowing cooling systems on milk yield, blood and physiological variables during heat stress in lactating Murrah buffalo. Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 58: 2-10. 
     

Global Footprints