Effect of chedu and mattha on growth performance of Murrah buffalo calves

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.10273    | Article Id: B-3195 | Page : 906-909
Citation :- Effect of chedu and mattha on growth performance of Murrah buffalo calves .Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2017.(51):906-909

Ramesh Kumar, Sanjay Kumar, Jyoti Palod, Himani Tewari  and Balwan Singh

vetanisci.doc127@gmail.com
Address :

Department of Livestock Production Management, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar-263 145, Uttarakhand,  India.

Submitted Date : 23-02-2016
Accepted Date : 8-04-2016

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of chedu and mattha on growth performance of Murrah buffalo calves. To assess the effect of chedu and mattha on growth rate, 20 growing buffalo calves of around 1 year of age and approximately of same weights were selected and were divided into 4 treatment groups having 5 animals in each group. The animals had access to ad libitum berseem hay as the basal roughage T0 (Control), T1 (Administration of mattha @ 2% of body weight with salt @ 0.5% of mattha), T2 (Application of chedu on their body @ 150 g per animal), T3 (Administration of mattha and application of chedu). Body weight of all buffalo calves was recorded at 15 days interval during the experimental period. From 75th day of experiment, significant effect (P<0.05) was observed in body weight, heart girth and height at withers of treatment groups as compared to control group whereas, body length and paunch girth showed significant effect (P<0.05) on 90th day of experiment. The results further indicated that use of chedu and mattha improved the health status of the calves and helped to attain a comparatively higher body weight and an early puberty. It can be concluded on the basis of findings of present research work that the use of chedu and mattha may be recommended for supplementation of calves’ diet, as it improves the health status of the calves and helps in the attainment of higher body weight and an early onset of puberty in the calves.

Keywords

Buffalo Calves Chedu Mattha Murrah.

References

  1. Abu-Tarboush, H. M., Al-Saiady, M. Y. and Keir El-Din, A. H. (1996). Evaluation of diet containing Lactobacilli on performance, fecal coliform, and Lactobacilli of young milk calves. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 57: 39–49.
  2. Anonymous (2012). 19th Livestock Census. Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, New Delhi. pp 39-58.
  3. Davis, C. L. and Drackley, J. K. (1998). The Development, Nutrition and Management of the Young Calf. Iowa State University Press, Ames, USA.
  4. Economic Survey (2013-14). Ministry of Finance, Government of India, New Delhi.
  5. Ellinger, D. K., Muller, L. D. and Glantz, P. J. (1980). Influence of feeding fermented colostrum and Lactobacillus acidophilus on fecal flora of milk calves. J. Dairy Sci. 63: 478–482.
  6. Gowda, N. K. S., Prasad, C. S., Selvaraju, S., Reddy, I. J., Ananthram, K. and Sampath, K. T. (2008). Feeding practices and nutrient status of dairy cows under field conditions. Indian Vet. J. 85: 745-748.
  7. ICAR (Indian Council of Agriculture Research). (1997). Nutrient Requirement of Livestock and Poultry, 2nd ed. ICAR, New Delhi, India.
  8. Jenny, B. F., Vandijk, H. J. and Collins, J. A. (1991). Performance and fecal flora of calves fed a Bacillus subtilis concentrate. J. Dairy Sci. 74: 1968–1973.
  9. Kumar, S., Juneya, I. J. and Dahiya, P. (1996). Effect of feeding and management on the growth performance of Murrah buffalo heifers. Int. J. Tropical Agriculture. 14: 273-278.
  10. Meyer, P.M., Vaz Pires, A., Vagadlo, A. R., Correia de Simas, J. M. and Susin, I. (2001). Adic¸ ão de probiótico ao leite Ortigues, I., Martin, C. and Durand, D. (1996). Circadian changes in net nutrient fluxes across the portal-drained viscera, the liver and the hindquarters in pre-ruminant calves. J. Anim. Sci. 74: 895–907.
  11. Rhokde, S. N. (1998). Performance of growing crossbred calves under different housing systems and probiotic supplementation. Ph. D. Thesis Submitted to NDRI Karnal, Haryana.
  12. Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W. G. (1994). Statistical Methods. 8th ed. The Iowa State University Press, Ames, IOWA, USA.
  13. Srivastava, A.K. (2005). A Study on the health status of growing kids vis-a-vis effect of probiotic supplementation. M.Sc. Thesis Submitted to NDRI Karnal, Haryana.
  14. SPSS (2012). Statistical Packages for Social Science. Version 17, SPSS Inc., Illinois, USA.
  15. Thomas, C. K. and Sastry, N. S. R. (2007). Dairy Bovine Production 12th ed: 297, Kalyani Publication.
  16. Timmerman, H. M., Mulder, L., Everts, H., Van Espen, D. C., Van der Wal, E., Klaassen, G., Rouwers, S. M. G., Hartemink, R., Rombouts, F. M., and Beynen, A. C. (2005). Health and growth of veal calves fed milk replacers with or without probiotics. J. Dairy Sci., 88: 2154–2165.

Global Footprints