Productivity and nutritive parameters of fodder maize under varying plant density and fertility levels for improved animal productivity

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.9423    | Article Id: B-3161 | Page : 199-202
Citation :- Productivity and nutritive parameters of fodder maize under varying plant density and fertility levels for improved animal productivity .Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2016.(50):199-202

Rakesh Kumar*, Magan Singh, S.K.Tomar, B.S.Meena and D.K. Rathore

drdudi_rk@rediffmail.com
Address :

ICAR- National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132 001, India.

Submitted Date : 30-12-2015
Accepted Date : 22-01-2016

Abstract

Nutritive quality parameters of forages are largely affected by management at farm level. Therefore, a field investigation was carried out during two consecutive kharif seasons of 2014 and 2015 at Forage Research and Management Centre, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal to evaluate the effect of different planting densities and fertility levels on growth, yield and nutritive quality of fodder maize.Treatment consisted of three planting densities using seed rates of 60,75 and 90 kg/ha in main plot and six fertility levels in subplots (0,50,75,100,125 and 150% of recommended dose of fertilizer. Results of two year study indicated that at low plant density (60 kg/ha seed rate) response to applied fertilizer was significant up to 125 % RDF, while at higher plant density response was only up to 75% RDF. Therefore, plant density (60 kg/ha seed rate) and fertility level (125% RDF i.e. 150 kg N/ha and 60 kg P2O5/ha) should be used to obtain maximum green fodder yield with good quality.

Keywords

Fertility levels Fodder maize Plant density Yields.

References

  1. Cox, William.J. and Debbie. J.R. Cherney. (2001). Row spacing, plant density and nitrogen effects on corn silage. Agronomy Journal, 93:597-602.
  2. Emine B.C., Necmettin C. and Gamze B. (2010). Yield and quality of forage maize as influenced by plant density and nitrogen rate. Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 15: 128-132
  3. Gomez, K.W. and Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. Willy-Inter Science Publication, New York, USA, pp. 60-65.
  4. Iptas, S. and Acar, A.A. (2006). Effects of hybrid and row spacing on maize forage yield and quality. Plant Soil Environ, 52:515-522.
  5. IRRI,1999. IRRISTAT for windows version 4.0 biometrics Unit, IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines.
  6. Keskin, B, Akdeniz, H., Yilmaz, I.H. and Turan, N. (2005). Yield and quality of forage corn (Zea mays L.) as influenced by cultivar and nitrogen rate. Journal of Agronomy, 4:138-141.
  7. Muchow, R.C. (1988). Effect of nitrogen supply on the comparative productivity of maize and sorghum in a semi-arid tropical environment: I. Leaf growth and Leaf nitrogen. Field Crops Res., 18:1-16. 
  8. Muchow, R. C. and Davis, R. (1988). Effect of nitrogen Supply. On the Comparative Productivity of Maize and Sorghum in a Semi-arid Tropical Environment: II. Radiation Interception and Biomass Accumulation. Field Crops Res. 18:17-30.
  9. Sahar, A. K., Zorer, S., Celebi, R. and Celen, A.E. (2005). The effect of different forms and doses of N fertilizer on the silage yield of maize (Zea mays L.). 5th Field Crops Congress in Turkey, 5-9 Semptember, 1001-1004, Antalya.
  10. Turgut, I., Duman, A., Bilgili, U. and Acikgoz, E. (2005). Alternate row spacing and plant density effects on forage and dry matter yield of corn hybrids (Zea mays L.). Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 191:146-151.
  11. William D Widdicombe and Kurt D Thelen. (2002). Row width and plant density effect on corn forage hybrids. Agronomy Journal, 94:326–330.
  12. Yilmaz, S., Gozubenli, H., Knuskan, O. and Atis, I. (2007). Genotype and plant density effects on corn (Zea mays L.) forage yield. Asian Journal of Plant Science, 6:538-541.
     

Global Footprints