Submitted Date : 18-04-2015
Accepted Date : 19-11-2015
Genetic diversity of four quail populations, including Korean quails (maroon quails), Peking white quails, Chinese yellow quails and Chinese black quails, were analyzed by microsatellite markers, aiming to provide scientific basis for new breeds of Chinese black quails for egg production as well as the assessment, protection and utilization of Chinese quail’s genetic resources. The results showed that 48 alleles were detected by nine microsatellite markers in the four quail populations, with the mean of 5.33 alleles in each locus. The average effective number of alleles marked by the nine microsatellite markers in Chinese black quails, Peking white quails, Chinese yellow quails and maroon quails were 3.5338, 3.6135, 4.0312 and 3.6508 respectively. The average heterozygosity of the four quail populations were 0.6952, 0.7046, 0.7353 and 0.7096 respectively. The average polymorphic information content of nine microsatellite loci in four quail populations were 0.6204, 0.6587, 0.6942 and 0.6639 , respectively, all of which were greater than 0.5, indicating the four populations’ copious genetic diversity. In this study, the average genetic differentiation coefficient among populations was 0.0349, so the genetic variation among populations accounted for 3.49%, which demonstrated that genetic variation among populations was just a small proportion of the total population genetic variation, and there was little differentiation among the four populations. Cluster analysis indicated that Chinese black quails and Peking white quails were firstly clustered, and then Chinese yellow quails and maroon quails were clustered, and finally the two were clustered together.