Indian Journal of Animal Research

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 51 issue 6 (december 2017) : 1080-1085

Economics of feeding protected protein and protected fat on crossbred cattle

S.H. Mane, S.D. Mandakmale, C.A. Nimbalkar, D.H. Kankhare, A.T. Lokhande
1Animal Husbandry and Dairy Science, College of Agriculture, Pune Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri- 413 712, Maharashtra, India.
Cite article:- Mane S.H., Mandakmale S.D., Nimbalkar C.A., Kankhare D.H., Lokhande A.T. (2017). Economics of feeding protected protein and protected fat on crossbred cattle. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 51(6): 1080-1085. doi: 10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.9121.
A study was undertaken to evaluate the economics of feeding protected protein and protected fat in crossbred cows. The feeding trial of 4 months duration was conducted on 24 crossbred cattle which were subjected to treatment T0 (Control), T1 (Protected- protein), T2 ( Protected fat) and T3 (Protected protein and fat). Crossbred cows in second to fourth lactation with most probable production ability (MPPA) of average 2300 liter milk production per lactation for each group were selected. All animals were fed with 2/3 DM through roughages (2/3 from dry and 1/3 from green) + 1/3 DM from concentrate mixture. In T0 and T2 groups untreated groundnut cake was given in ration. Whereas, in T1 and T3 groups, groundnut cake was treated with formaldehyde (FA) (@ 1.0 gm FA /100g CP). Also bypass fat (99%) was supplemented in T2 and T3 groups @ 10 gm per liter milk production. Daily DM intake and daily milk yield for individual animals were recorded. The data generated during experimental period were analyzed by Factorial Randomized Block Design (FRBD) with SAS, 9.3 versions.The DMI was significantly (P<0.05) higher in T3 (12.72) followed by T1 (12.59), T0 (12.47) and T2 (12.23). However, the DMI/ 100 kg body weight was 3.05, 3.01, 3.13 and 2.81 kg/d in T0, T1, T2 and T3, respectively with non significant treatment. The average milk production during supplementation period was 9.82, 11.76, 11.41 and 12.43 kg/d in group T0, T1, T2 and T3, respectively which was significantly 16.49% higher in T1, 13.93% higher in T2 and 20.99% in T3 over T0. The net return over feed cost was highest in T3 group followed by T1 and T2 over T0.
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