Effect of early post-hatch nutrition on production performance of commercial broiler chicken

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.4569    | Article Id: B-3050 | Page : 291-295
Citation :- Effect of early post-hatch nutrition on productionperformance of commercial broiler chicken .Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2017.(51):291-295

Samapika Mahapatra*, G. Srinivasan, Asha R. Rajini and A. Mangala Gowri

Address :

Madras Veterinary College, Department of Poultry Science, Chennai-600 007, India.

Submitted Date : 24-06-2015
Accepted Date : 23-12-2015


The study was conducted to access the effect of early post-hatch nutrition regimens on the productive performance of 384 number of commercial broiler chicken (Cobb 400). Different nutrient regimens include glucose and probiotic alone in hatcher tray and first day in pen and a high and very high density diet of 25 and 27 per cent dietary crude protein respectively and 3100 kcal ME/kg diet in hatcher tray and subsequent three days in pen along with glucose and probiotic alone in hatcher tray and first day in pen was provided. Later, all broiler chicks were switched over to the recommended commercial Cobb broiler diet up to 42 days. Body weight, feed efficiency and breast muscle fibre diameter were significantly higher in treatment groups. No significant difference existed between different treatment groups for hatchability, livability percent, carcass characteristics and cut up parts. Trimmable fat per cent was significantly higher (P < 0.01) in control birds. It may be concluded that early post hatch nutrition with high nutrient dense diet resulted in better production performance in commercial broiler chicken.


Body weight Carcass Fibre diameter Fat Post hatch nutrition.


  1. AOAC, (2000). Official methods of analysis.16th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemist, Washington D.C. pp. 69-88.
  2. Bartov I. and Plavnik, I. (1998). Moderate excess of dietary protein increases breast meat yield of broiler chicken. Poult. Sci., 77: 680-688.
  3. Bhanja S.K., Anjali Devi, C., Panda, A.K. and Shyam Sunder, G. (2009). Effect of post hatch feed deprivation on yolk-sac utilization andperformance of young broiler chickens. Asian-Australas J. Anim. Sci., 22:1174 – 1179.
  4. Bigot K., Mignon, G.S., Picard, M. and Tesseraud, S. (2003). Effects of delayed feed intake on body, intestine and muscle development in neonate broilers. Poult. Sci., 82: 781-788.
  5. Halevy O., Nadel, Y., Barak, M., Rozenboim, I. and Sklan, D. (2003). Early posthatch feeding stimulates satellite cell proliferation and skeletal muscle growth in turkey poults. J. Nutr., 133:1376–1382.
  6. Halevy O., Geyra, A., Barak, M., Uni, Z. and Sklan, D. (2000). Early post-hatch starvation decreases satellite cell proliferation and skeletal muscle growth in chicks. J. Nutr., 130: 858- 864.
  7. Hargis P.H. and Creger, C.R. (1980). Effects of varying dietary protein and energy levels on growth rate and body fat in broilers. Poult. Sci., 59:1499–1504.
  8. Jermiah L.E. and Martin, A.H. (1982). Effect of prerigor chilling and freezing and subcutaneous fat cover upon the histological and shear properties of bovine longissimus dorsi muscle. J. Anim. Sci., 62: 353-361.
  9. Jin S.H., Corless, A. and Sell, J.L. (1998). Digestive system development in post hatch poultry. World’s Poultry Sci. J., 54:335-345.
  10. Leeson S and Summers, J. D. (2005). Scott’s Nutrition of the Chicken. Publ. Univ. Books.
  11. Lijianhui, Y., Jian, M., Guo, Y.M., Yang, Y., Bun, S.E., Hu, X.F. and Yi, D. (2011). The effect of dietary nutrient density on growth performance, physiological parameters and small intestinal II B sodium phosphate co-transporter expression in broiler. J. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol., 2: 102-110.
  12. Noy Y. and Sklan, D. (1998). Metabolic responses to early nutrition. J. Appl. Poultry Res., 7: 437-451.
  13. Noy Y. and Sklan, D. (1999). Different types of early feeding and performance in chicks and poults. J. Appl. Poultry Res., 8:16-24.
  14. Obun C.O. and Osaguona, P.O. (2013). Influence of post-hatch starvation on broiler chick’s productivity. IOSR-JAVS e-    ISSN: 2319-2380, p-ISSN: 2319-2372. 3: 05-08.
  15. Rammouz, R El., Said, S., Abboud, M., Yammine, S. and Jammal, B. (2011). Effect of post-hatch early feeding times starter supplemented with egg yolk and white of boiled chicken eggs (rhode island red) on growth performance, viscera development, and immune response in broiler chickens. Aust. J. Basic & Appl. Sci., 5:660-671.
  16. Reid J.T. and White, O.D. (1978). Tests show energy, protein, amino acids as fat factors. Feedstuffs., 16: 16.
  17. Salmanzadeh M. (2012). The Effects of in-ovo injection of glucose on hatchability, hatching weight and subsequent performance of newly-hatched chicks. Braz. J. Poult. Sci., 14: 71-158.
  18. Shafey T.M., Aljumaah, R.S., Almufarrej, S.I., Al-Abdullatif, A.A. and Abouheif, M.A. (2011). Effect of glucose supplementation on drinking water on the performance of fasting newly hatched chicks. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 10: 2202-2207.
  19. Snedecor G.W. and Cochran, W.G. (1994). Statistical Methods, 8th edn.; Oxford and IBH Publishing Company, New Delhi, India.
  20. Swennen Q., Decuypere, E. and Buyse, J. (2007). Implication of dietary macronutrients for growth and metabolism in broiler chickens. World’s Poultry Sci. J., 63:541-556.
  21. Vencobb Broiler management guide, (2010).
  22. Vieira S.L. and Moran, E.T. (Jr.). (1999). Effects of delayed placement and used litter on broiler yield. J. Appl. Poultry Res., 8: 75-81. 
  23. Willemsen H., Debonne, M., Swennen, Q., Everaert, N., Careghi, C., Han, H., Bruggeman, V., Tona, K. and Decuypere, E. (2010). Delay in feed access and spread of hatch: importance in early nutrition. World’s Poultry Sci. J., 66:177-188.
  24. Yang H., Zhiyue, W., Shourong, S., Jian, L. and Wenzeng, L. (2009). Effects of starter feeding timeon body growthand viscera developmentof newly hatched chicks. Ital. J. Anim. Sci., 8: 585-593.
  25. Ziaei N., Kermanshahi, H. and Pilevar, M. (2011). Effect of dietary CP and Ca/P content on growth, nitrogen and mineral retention in broiler chickens. Afr. J.Biotechnol., 10: 13342-13350.

Global Footprints