Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 51 issue 2 (april 2017) : 286-290

Effect of lime treated olive cake on nutrient utilization and performance of male goats

A. Ishfaq*, R.K. Sharma, A. Rastogi, B.A. Malla, S.A. Rather
1<p>Division of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of &nbsp;Veterinary Science,&nbsp;Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences &amp; Technology of Jammu, Jammu-180 009, India.&nbsp;</p>
Cite article:- Ishfaq* A., Sharma R.K., Rastogi A., Malla B.A., Rather S.A. (2015). Effect of lime treated olive cake on nutrient utilization and performanceof male goats . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 51(2): 286-290. doi: 10.18805/ijar.7079.

Current study was conducted to evaluate the effect of inclusion of lime treated olive cake in the complete feed of goats. Olive cake was treated with 6% slaked lime to increase availability of cellulose and to alleviate digestibility depression caused by higher fat content. Twelve local adult male goats were randomly allotted to control and treatment groups. Control group was fed ad libitum conventional complete feed and the treatment group was fed  complete feed containing 30% lime treated olive cake for a duration of 30 days. The treatment feed was significantly (P<0.05) lower in organic matter, crude fiber and acid detergent fiber, however it was significantly (P<0.01) higher in calcium and acid insoluble ash. Mean body weight and daily feed dry matter and organic matter intake was comparable among groups and periods. The nutrient digestibility for crude fiber and acid detergent fiber was significantly (P<0.05) in treatment feed. Daily nitrogen intake and digestible crude protein intake (g/kg W0.75), was comparable between both groups. Calcium and phosphorus balance was comparable between two groups. No significant difference was observed between groups and periods for blood biochemical and serum enzymes. The results of the present study indicated that lime treated olive cake can be included in complete feed at 30% level for feeding of adult male goats without adverse impact on  nutrient intake, utilization and general performance of the animal.

  1. Abo Omar, J. M., Daya, R. and Ghaleb, A. (2012). Effects of different forms of olive cake on the performance and carcass quality of Awassi lambs. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 171:167-172.

  2. Al-Masri, (2005). Nutritive value of some agricultural wastes as affected by low gamma irradiation levels and chemical treatments. Bioresource Technol., 96: 1737–1741.

  3. Álvarez-Rodríguez, J., Muñoz, F. and Margalida, J. (2009). Nutritive value of crude and extracted two-stage olive cakes produced in Aragón (Spain). Revista electrónica de Veterinaria, 10(3).

  4. AOAC. (1995). Official Methods of Analysis, 16th edition. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 4.1-4.17.

  5. Ashraf, A. (2011).Utilisation of lime treated olive cake (Olea europaea) in the ration of goats. M.V.Sc. thesis, SKUAST-J, Jammu, India. 

  6. Awadeh, M. S. and B.S. Obeidat. (2013). Treated olive cake as a non forage fiber source for growing Awassi lambs: effects on nutrient intake, rumen and urine Ph and carcass yield. Asian-Australas. J. Anim. Sci., 26: 661-667. 

  7. Awawdeh, M. S. and B. S. Obeidat. (2011). Effect of supplemental exogenous enzymes on performance of finishing Awassi lambs fed olive cake-containing diets. Livest. Sci. 138:20-24.

  8. Bashir, Y. (2011). Effect of dietary incorporation of olive cake (Olea europaea) on the Performance of Goats. M.V.Sc. thesis, SKUAST-J, Jammu, India.

  9. Ben Salem, H. and A. Nefzaoui. (2003). Feed blocks as alternative supplements for sheep and goats. Small Rumin. Res., 49: 275–288.

  10. Chiofalo, B., L. Liotta, A. Zumbo and V. Chiofalo. (2002). Olive cake for ewe feeding: effect on the milk acidic composition. Proceedings of the 15th National Congress of SIPAOC. Cagliari, Italy. pp. 136–137.

  11. Chiofalo, B., L. Liotta, A. Zumbo and V. Chiofalo. (2004). Administration of olive cake for ewe feeding: Effect on milk yield and composition. Small Rum Res., 55:169–176.

  12. Duncan, D. B. (1955)Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics 11:1-42.

  13. Ishfaq, A., R. K. Sharma, A. Rastogi, B. A. Malla and J. Farooq. (2015). In vitro utilization of lime treated olive cake as a component of complete feed for small ruminants, Vet. World. 8: 109-115.

  14. Martillotti, F., G. Colzani, G. Santoro, L. Conte and U. France (1984). Enhancement of fibrous and woody by-products using mechanical treatments and NaOH and/or NH3. Chemical composition and nutritional value . Earth and sun, 508 :744-75

  15. Mioc, B., V. Pavic, I. Vnucec, Z. Pripic and V. Susic. (2007). Effect of olive cake on daily gain, carcass characteristics and chemical composition of lamb meat. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 52: 31-36. 

  16. Molina-Alcaide, E., and Yáñez Ruiz, D. (2008). Potential use of olive byproducts in ruminants. Small Rumin. Res., 11: 37-39.

  17. Nefzaoui, A. (1983). Study of the use of olive by-products in animal feed in Tunisia. Animal Production and Health Division. FAO, Rome.

  18. Nefzaoui, A., Marchand, S. and Vanbelle, M. (1982). Evaluation of olive pulp in the feeding of ruminants. Proceedings of the International Colloquium on Tropical Animal Production for the Benefit of Man. Prince Leopold Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium, 309-314.

  19. Ohlade, G. and Becker, K. (1982). Suitability of cell—wall constituents as predictors of organic matter digestibility in some tropical and subtropical byproducts. Anim. Feed Sc. Technol., 7: 191–199. 

  20. Pallara, G., Buccioni, A., Pastorelli, R., Minieri, S., Mele, M., Rapaccini, S., Messini, A., Pauselli, M., Servili, M., Giovannetti, L. and Viti, C. (2014). Effect of stoned olive pomace on rumen microbial communities and polyunsaturated fatty acid biohydrogenation: an in vitro study. BMC Vet. Res., 10:271.

  21. Ragni, M., Melodia, L. F., Bozzo, M. A., Colonna, V., Megna, F., Toteda and Vicenti, A. (2003). Use of a de-stoned olive pomace in feed for heavy lamb production. Italian J. Anim. Sc., 2: 485–487

  22. Ranjhan, S. K. (1998). Nutrient Requirements of Livestock and Poultry. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India.

  23. Rice, C. G. and Hall, B. (2007). Hematologic and Biochemical Reference Intervals for Mountain Goats (Oreamnos americanus): Effects of Capture Conditions. Northwest Sci., 81: 206-214.

  24. Sansoucy, R. (1985). Olive By-products for Animal Feed. Animal Production and Health Paper 43. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation, Rome. 

  25. Snedecor, G.W. and Cocharan W. G. 1994. Statistical Methods. 8th Edn IOWA State University Press, Ames, IOWA, USA.

  26. Tasker, J.B. (1980) Fluids, electrolytes and acid-bare balance. In: Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals (J.J. Kaneko) 2nd et al. Academic press, New York, 402-447pp

  27. Van Soest, P. J., Robetson, J. B. and Lewis, B.A. (1991). Methods for dietary fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in 

  28. relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci., 74: 3583-3597. 

  29. Yáñez Ruiz, D. R. and Molina-Alcaide, E. (2007). A comparative study of the effect of two-stage olive cake added to alfalfa on digestion and nitrogen losses in sheep and goats. Anim. Res., 1: 227–232.

  30. Zaidi, F., Hassissene, N., Boubekeur, N., Bouaiche, A., Bouabdellah, A., Grongnet, J. F., Bellal, M. M. and Youyou, A. (2008). In Vitro study of limiting factors of nutritive value of olive cake: effects of fat and secondary metabolites. Livest. Res. Rural Develop., 20(3). 

  31. Zein Al-Abdein Kewan, K. ( 2012). Carcass traits for growing Barki lambs fed lime treated agro-industrial by-products. Egyptian J. Anim. Prod., 49:97-104.


Editorial Board

View all (0)