Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 51 issue 1 (february 2017) : 15-20

Embryonic and larval development of an endangered catfish, Horabagrus brachysoma

S.K. Sahoo, S. Ferosekhan*, A. Saha, S.S. Giri, M. Paramanik
1<p>ICAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture,&nbsp;Kausalyaganga, Bhubaneswar-751 002, Odisha, India.</p>
Cite article:- Sahoo S.K., Ferosekhan* S., Saha A., Giri S.S., Paramanik M. (2016). Embryonic and larval development of an endangered catfish,Horabagrus brachysoma . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 51(1): 15-20. doi: 10.18805/ijar.9492.

The fertilised eggs of Asian sun catfish, Horabagrus brachysoma (Günther 1864) were demersal and pale yellow in colour with equal perivitelline space. First cleavage appeared at 49 min (± 3 min) and the size of the blastomeres reduced as the development stage proceeded. Morula stage was reached 3 h 37 min (± 15 min) post-fertilization. The embryonic development from morula to hatching took about 16-17 h. The hatching of eggs started at 20 h 46 min (± 28 min) post-fertilization. The newly hatched yolk-sac larvae were 3-4 mm in length. A membranous layer was found covering from behind the head to posterior part of yolk-sac. Eye, mouth, alimentary canal, barbells and pectoral fins were appeared in the 3 days after hatch (dah). The membranous layer started rupturing at fifth day of post-hatch and disappeared during 9-12 dah with the appearance of fins in different parts of body. Pigments on dorsal side of body appeared in 2 dah larvae and the 10-12 dah larva looked pale brown in colour. After 12 dah, the larva morphologically resembled like an adult fish.


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