Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 51 issue 1 (february 2017) : 15-20

Embryonic and larval development of an endangered catfish, Horabagrus brachysoma

S.K. Sahoo, S. Ferosekhan*, A. Saha, S.S. Giri, M. Paramanik
1<p>ICAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture,&nbsp;Kausalyaganga, Bhubaneswar-751 002, Odisha, India.</p>
Cite article:- Sahoo S.K., Ferosekhan* S., Saha A., Giri S.S., Paramanik M. (2016). Embryonic and larval development of an endangered catfish,Horabagrus brachysoma . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 51(1): 15-20. doi: 10.18805/ijar.9492.

The fertilised eggs of Asian sun catfish, Horabagrus brachysoma (Günther 1864) were demersal and pale yellow in colour with equal perivitelline space. First cleavage appeared at 49 min (± 3 min) and the size of the blastomeres reduced as the development stage proceeded. Morula stage was reached 3 h 37 min (± 15 min) post-fertilization. The embryonic development from morula to hatching took about 16-17 h. The hatching of eggs started at 20 h 46 min (± 28 min) post-fertilization. The newly hatched yolk-sac larvae were 3-4 mm in length. A membranous layer was found covering from behind the head to posterior part of yolk-sac. Eye, mouth, alimentary canal, barbells and pectoral fins were appeared in the 3 days after hatch (dah). The membranous layer started rupturing at fifth day of post-hatch and disappeared during 9-12 dah with the appearance of fins in different parts of body. Pigments on dorsal side of body appeared in 2 dah larvae and the 10-12 dah larva looked pale brown in colour. After 12 dah, the larva morphologically resembled like an adult fish.

  1. Adebiyi, F.A., Siraj S.S., Harmin S.A. and Christianus, A. (2013). Embryonic and larval development of river catfish, Hemibagrus nemurus (Valenciennes, 1840). Asian J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 8: 237-246. 

  2. Anonymous. (1998). Conservation Assessment and Management Plan for Freshwater Fishes of India. Zoo Outreach Organization and National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, pp. 154. 

  3. Arockiaraj, A.J., Haniffa, M.A., Seetharaman, S. and Singh S.P. (2003). Early development of a threatened freshwater catfish Mystus montanus (Jerdon). Acta Zool. Taiwanica, 14: 23-32.

  4. Bagarinao, T. and Chua, T.E. (1986). Egg size and larval size among teleosts: implications to survival potential. In: Maclean, JL, Dizon, LB, Hossilos, LV (eds.), The First Asian Fisheries Forum, Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines, pp. 651-656.

  5. Bruton, M.N. (1979). The breeding biology and early development of Clarias gariepinus (Pisces: Clariidae) in lake Sibaya, South Africa with a review of breeding in species of subgenus Clarias. J. Zool. Soc. London, 35: 1-45. 

  6. Gonzalez-Doncel, M., Okihir, M.S., Villalobos, S.A., Hinton, D.E. and Tarazona, V. (2005). A quick reference guide to the normal development of Oryzias latipes (Teleostei, Adrianichthyidae). J. Appl. Ichthyol., 21: 39-52. 

  7. Islam, A. (2005). Embryonic and larval development of Thai Pangas (Pangasius sutchi Fowler, 1937). Dev. Growth Differ., 47: 1-6. 

  8. Marimuthu, K. and Haniffa, M.A. (2007). Embryonic and larval development of the stripped snakehead, Channa striatus. Taiwania, 52: 84-92.

  9. Mollah, M.F.A., Talima, K., Rashid, H., Hossain, Z., Sarowar, M.N. and Khan, M.R.K. (2011). Embryonic and larval development of critically endangered riverine catfish Rita rita. Eurasian J. Biosci., 5: 110-118. 

  10. Ogunji, J.O. and Rahe, R.E. (1999). Larval development of the African catfish Heterobranchus longifilis Val, 1840 (Teleostei; Claridae) and its larval behavior. J. Aquacult. Trop., 14: 11-25.

  11. Padmakumar, K.G., Bindu, L., Sreerekha, P.S., Gopalakrishnan, A., Basheer, V.S., Joseph, N., Manu, P.S. and Krishan, A. (2011). Breeding of endemic catfish, Horabagrus brachysoma in captive conditions. Curr. Sci., 100: 1232-1236.

  12. Pereira, C.R., Barcellos, L.J.G., Kreutz, L.C., Quevedo, M.R., Ritter, F. and Silva, L.B. (2006). Embryonic and larval development of Jundia (Rhamdia quelen, Quoy & Gaimard, 1824, Pisces, Teleostei), a South American catfish. Braz. J. Biol., 66: 1057-1063. 

  13. Puvaneswari, S., Marimuthu, K., Karuppasamy, R. and Haniffa, M.A. (2009). Early embryonic and larval development of Indian catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis. Eurasian J. Biosci., 3: 84-96. 

  14. Rahman, M.R., Rahman, M.A., Khan, M.N. and Hussain, M.G. (2004). Observation on the embryonic and larval development of Silurid catfish, Gulsha (Mystus cavasius Ham.). Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 7: 1070-1075. 

  15. Sahoo, S.K., Giri, S.S., Chandra, S. and Sahu, A.K. (2010a). Stocking density- dependant growth and survival of Asian sun catfish, Horabagrus brachysoma (Gunther 1861) larvae. J. Appl. Ichthyol., 26: 609-611. 

  16. Sahoo, S.K., Giri, S.S., Chandra, S. and Sahu, A.K. (2010b). Stocking density-dependant growth and survival of Asian sun catfish, Horabagrus brachysoma (Gunther, 1864) fry during hatchery rearing. J. Appl. Aquacult., 22: 86-91. 

  17. Sahoo, S.K., Giri, S.S., Paramanik, M. and Ferosekhan, S. (2014). Preliminary observation on the induced breeding and hatchery rearing of an endangered catfish, Horabagrus brachysoma (Gunther). Int. J. Fish. Aqua. Sci., 1:117-120.

  18. Saigal, B.N. and Motwani, M.P. (1961). Studies on the fishery and biology of the commercial catfishes of Ganga river system. I. Early life history, bionomics and breeding of Mystus seenghala (Sykes). Indian. J. Fish., 8: 60-74. 

  19. Thakur, N.K. (1974). Embryonic and larval development of Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch). J. Inland Fish. Soc. India., 6: 33-44.

  20. Thakur, N.K. (1980). Notes on the embryonic and larval development of an air breathing catfish Clarias batrachus (Linn.). J. Inland Fish. Soc. India., 12: 30-43.

  21. Verreth, J., Torreele, E., Sparzier, E. and Slurszen, A. (1992). The development of a functional digestive system in Clarias gariepinus (Burchell). J World Aquacult Soc., 23: 286-298. 

  22. Yackov, W.A.A. and Ali, A.B. (1992). Simple method for backyard production of snakehead, Channa striatus (Bloch) fry. Naga, 15: 22-23.


Editorial Board

View all (0)