Phenotypic characterization of native chicken populations reared under family-based free-range scavenging system in Odisha, India

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.v0i0f.3797    | Article Id: B-2999 | Page : 839-845
Citation :- Phenotypic characterization of native chicken populations reared underfamily-based free-range scavenging system in Odisha, India .Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2016.(50):839-845

M.K. Singh, G.D. Nayak* and K.K. Sardar

drgdnayak@gmail.com
Address :

Department of Poultry Science, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology, Bhubaneswar-751 003, Odisha, India.

Submitted Date : 27-04-2014
Accepted Date : 10-06-2016

Abstract

The genetic architecture of 10 rural poultry populations in two distant tribal districts of   Mayurbhanj and Kalahandi of Odisha state in India were studied for 15 quantitative and 11 qualitative characteristics through a field survey. Analysis of dispersion was conducted to test the simultaneous significance of mean differences in above characteristics and was found to be highly significant (p<0.01). Cluster-I (Khairi and Kabri), cluster-II (Hansli, Gujuri, Dumasil, Dhabla, Kalua and Khadia), cluster-III (Jhinjiria), and cluster-IV included Chitri populations. The maximum D2 value was found between Hansli and Kabri (513.825) followed by Gujuri and Kabri (410.312) while minimum D2 value was observed between Khairi and Kabri (1.50). The average inter cluster distance was high between cluster-I and cluster-II (17.218) and also between cluster-II and IV (17.207). The genetic variation can be confirmed using biochemical and DNA markers which will help to obtain phenotypically pure local fowl genetic resources for future selection and breeding.

Keywords

Clusters D2 analysis Inter cluster distance Native chicken population.

References

  1. Abdelquader A., Wollny C. B. A. and Gauly M. (2008). On farm investigation of local chicken biodiversity and performance potentials in rural areas of Jordan. Animal Genetic Resources Information. 43: 49-58.
  2. Barbosa L., Regazzi A.J.., Lopes P.S., Breda P.C., Sarmento J.L.R., Torres R. A. and Torres Filho R.A. (2005). Evaluation of genetic divergence among lines of laying hens using cluster analysis. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science. 7: 79-84.
  3. Becker, W.A. (1975). Manual of Quantitative Genetics. Washington State University. Washington, pp. 170.
  4. Cabarles Jr., J. C. (2013). Phenotypic cluster and diversity analysis of native chickens in Western Visayas, Philippines. Animal Genetic Resources. 53: 1-9
  5. Duguma, R. (2006). Phenotypic characterization of some indigenous chicken ecotypes of Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 18 (9): Article #131. Retrieved April 8, 2015, from http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd18/9/    dugu18131.htm
  6. FAO. (2012). Phenotypic characterization of animal genetic resources. FAO Animal Production and Health Guidelines No. 11. Rome. pp. 107-110
  7. Faruque, S., Siddiquee, N. U., Afroz, M. A. and. Islam, M. S. (2010). Phenotypic characterization of Native Chicken reared under intensive management system. J. Bangladesh Agril. Univ. 8: 79-82
  8. Hassen Halima, H., Neser, F. W. C., van Marle-Koster, E. and de Kock, A. (2007). Phenotypic variation of native chicken populations in northwest Ethiopia Trop Anim Health Prod., 39:507–513
  9. Majhi, N.S. (2005). Characterization of indigenous poultry breeds of Orissa. M.V.Sc Thesis. Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, India.
  10. Mohapatra, S.C., Mishra, S..C.. and Das, K. (2006). Poultry indigenous resources of Orissa. Intercooperation India-    Delegation, Hyderabad and Indo-Swiss Natural Resources Management Programme, Bhubaneswar, India. pp. 1-58.
  11. NBAGR .(2012). Guideline for breed registration. Chicken. pp. 30-32.
  12. Rao, C.R. (1952). Advanced Statistical Methods in Biometric Research. John Wiley and Sons., Inc., New York. pp. 390
  13. Rosario, M.F., Silva, M.A.N., Coelho, A.A.D. and Savino, V.J.M. (2008). Selection of traits in poultry breeding using cluster analysis. International Journal of Poultry Science. 7: 374-378.
  14. Singh B.P. and Singh, B. (2005). Conservation of indigenous poultry breeds. Proceedings of VIII National Conference on Animal Genetics and Breeding. March 8-9 , 2005, Makhdoom, Mathura, India. pp 131-135.
  15. Singh, R.K. and Chaudhary, B.D. (1985). Biometrical Methods in Quantitative Genetic Analysis. Kalyani Publishers New Delhi, pp. 318
  16. Tadano, R. Goto, N., and Tsudzuki, M. (2011). Genetic differentiation among white leghorn lines : Application of individual-    based clustering approaches. Poultry Science. 90: 725-730.
  17. Yakubu, A., Idahor, K.O., Haruna, H.S., Wheto, M. and Amusan, S. (2010). Multivariate analysis of phenotypic differentiation in Bunaji and Sokoto Gudali cattle, Acta Agriculturae Slovenica. 96: 75-80.
  18. Yakubu A. and Ugbo S.B. (2011). An assessment of biodiversity in morphological traits of Muscovy ducks in Nigeria using discriminant analysis. Proceedings of 2010 International Conference on Biology Environment and Chemistry, IACSIT Press, Singapore. pp. 389-391.

Global Footprints