Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.4 (2024)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 50 issue 4 (august 2016) : 526-528

Cost effective floating feeds for Indian Major Carps (IMC) by replacement of soyabean meal with alternative feed ingredients 

K.C. Das*, S. Toppo, T. Mohanty, C. Pradhan, K.N. Mohanta, S. S. Giri
1<p>Division of Fish Nutrition and Physiology,&nbsp;ICAR, Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Kausalyaganga, Bhubaneswar, 751 002, India.&nbsp;</p>
Cite article:- Das* K.C., Toppo S., Mohanty T., Pradhan C., Mohanta K.N., Giri S. S. (2015). Cost effective floating feeds for Indian Major Carps (IMC) by replacement of soyabean meal with alternative feed ingredients . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 50(4): 526-528. doi: 10.18805/ijar.7090.

Three types of iso-nitrogenous floating feeds for Indian Major Carps (IMC) were formulated and prepared in extruder by using different feed ingredients. The first feed (SMF) was formulated with soyabean meal as main protein source whereas 2nd (GNF) and 3rd (TCF) feed were formulated by replacing a part of soyabean meal with alternative feed ingredients i.e. ground nut oil cake and til oil cake respectively. Evaluation of three types of floating feeds showed that, floating percentage, sinking percentage and apparent density were not affected on three different types of floating feed. The water holding capacity was highest in Feed II (GNF) and lowest in Feed I (SMF). The crude fibre and ether extract percentage of the TCF was highest among three floating feeds whereas nitrogen free extract was highest in SMF feed. The proportion of omega 3 fatty acids of three types of feed did not differ significantly. The growth performance of TCF was comparable to GNF floating feed where as it was superior to SMF floating feed. The feed cost was lowest in TCF and highest in SMF feed. This indicated that, the floating feeds (GNF and TCF) developed by replacement of soyabean meal with ground nut oil cake and til oil cake are superior to floating feed (SMF) prepared by inclusion of only soyabean meal and this may be economical for the farmers.  

  1. A.O.A.C.(1990).Official Methods of Analysis, Association of Official Analytical Chemists,12th Edn.,Washington D.C., USA.

  2. Hilton, J.W., Cho, C.Y. and Slinger, S.J. (1981). Effect of extrusion processing and steam pelleting diets on pellet durability, pellet water absorption and the physiological response of rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). Aquaculture, 25: 185–194.

  3. Kuo, L. H. (1967). Animal Feeding stuffs compositional data of feeds and concentrates (part 3), Malaysian Agric. Journal, 46: 63-70

  4. Oliveira, M. A. De Facci.(1990). Fish Feed Extrusion a Modelling Approach. Dr. Ing. Thesis. The Norwegian Institute of Technology, Trondheim, Norway, 91 pp.

  5. Ramachandran, S., Singh, S. K., Larroche, C., Soccol, C. R. and Pandey, A. (2007). Oil cakes and their biotechnological applications, A review. Bioresource Technology, 98: 2000–2009

  6. Shimadzu (2010). GC-2010 Gas Chromatograph, Shimadzu Corporation, Analytical and Measuring Insurance Division, Kyoto, Japan

  7. Sørensen, M., Storebakken, T. and Shearer, K. D. (2005). Digestibility, growth and nutrient retention in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed diets extruded at two different temperatures. Aquaculture Nutr., 11: 251-256

  8. Saalah, S., Shapawi, R., Othman, N.A. and Bono, A. (2010). Effect of formula variation in the properties of fish feed pellet. Journal of Applied Sciences, 10: 2537-2543.

  9. Tacon, A.G.J. (1990). Fish feed formulation and production. Rome (Italy). 26 p. Project: FAO-FI—CPR/88/077. Fisheries Development in Qinghai Province, China. Field document 8. Microfiche no: 309187.

  10. Yasothai, R. (2014). Processing method and composition of sesame oil cake –a review. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, 3: 993 – 996.


Editorial Board

View all (0)