Macro and micro-mineral profile of feeds, fodders and blood of livestock under farm condition in Mathura district of India

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.5724    | Article Id: B-2851 | Page : 203-206
Citation :- Macro and micro-mineral profile of feeds, fodders and blood of livestock under farm condition in Mathura district of India .Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2016.(50):203-206

Vivek Prasad Gupta, Vinod Kumar*, Debashis Roy and Muneendra Kumar

vinodsidhu@rediffmail.com
Address :

Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, DUVASU, Mathura-281 001, India.

Submitted Date : 8-01-2014
Accepted Date : 30-04-2014

Abstract

This study was conducted to find out the macro and micro-mineral profile of different feedstuffs and blood mineral profile of bovines in different physiological stages under farm condition in Mathura. Mineral analysis of feeds showed deficiency of Ca, P, Cu and Zn in wheat straw and Na in berseem. The cereal grains were deficient in Ca, Na, Cu and Mn. Maize and sorghum fodders were deficient in Na and Mn content than recommended critical level. Wheat straw, wheat grain, barley grain and mustered cake were deficient in Cu and all feeds contained excess of Fe. Plasma levels of macro (Ca, P and Na) and trace (Fe, Zn, Mn) minerals were above the recommended critical level except Cu. So it may be concluded that supplementation of Cu in the diet of farm animals containing high Fe feed ingredients is important for proper growth and production.

Keywords

Blood Copper Livestock Macro-micro minerals.

References

  1. AOAC. (1995). Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. 16th edn. (Ed.) Patricia C. AOAC International, USA.
  2. Blood, D.C., Henderson, J.A., Radostits, D.M., Arundel, J.H. and Gay, C.C. (1983). Veterinary Medicine, 6th Edn. The English Language Book Society and Bailliere, Tindal, London, pp: 1072-1138.
  3. Chatterjee, A., Ghosh, M.K., Roy, P.K., Das, S.K. and Santra, A. (2011). Macro and micro-mineral status of feeds and fodders in West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 81: 1076–1079.
  4. Cuesta, P.A., McDowell, L.R., Kunkle, W.E., Bullock, F., Drew, A., Wilkinson, N.S. and Martin, F.G. (1993). Seasonal variation of soil and forage mineral concentrations in north Florida. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 24: 335-347.
  5. Das, A., Ghosh, T.K. and Haldar, S. (2003). Mineral distribution in soil, feeds and grazing cattle of different physiological stages in the red laterite and new alluvial agro climatic zones of West Bengal. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 73: 448–454.
  6. Garg, M.R., Bhanderi, B.M. and Sherasia, P.L. (2005). Assessment of adequacy of macro and micro mineral content of feedstuffs for dairy animals in semi-arid zone of Rajasthan. Anim. Nutr. Feed Tech., 5: 9–20.
  7. Jumba, T.O., Suttle, N.F., Hunter, E.A. and Wandiga, S.O. (1995). Effects of soil origin and mineral composition and herbage species on the mineral composition of forages in the Mount Flagon region of Kenya. Trace Elem. Trop. Grasslands., 29: 47–52.
  8. McDowell, L.R. (1985). Free-choice mineral supplementation and methods of mineral evaluation. In: Nutrition of Grazing Ruminants in Warm Climates, Academic Press, Inc. San Diego, pp: 383-407.
  9. McDowell, L.R. (1987). Assessment of mineral status of grazing ruminants. World Rev. Anim. Prod., 33: 19-31.
  10. McDowell, L.R. (1992). Minerals in Animal and Human Nutrition, Academic press, Inc., California.
  11. McDowell, L.R., Conrad, J.H. and Glen Hembry, F. (1993). Minerals for grazing ruminants in tropical regions. Report from US Agency for International Development and Caribbean Basin Advisory Group (CBAG) Animal Science Department, Center for Tropical Agriculture, University of Florida.
  12. Miller, J.K. and Cragle, R.G. (1965). Gastrointestinal sites of absorption and endogenous secretion of zinc in dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci., 48: 370-373.
  13. NRC. (2001). Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals. 7th edn, National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Washington, D C.
  14. Ramana, J.V., Prasad, C.S., Gowda, N.K.S. and Ramachandra, K.S. (2001). Mineral status of soil, feed, fodder and blood plasma of animals in northern dry and northern transition zone of Karnataka. Indian J. Dairy Sci., 54: 40-46.
  15. Sefidkoohi, A.A. and Sepanlou, M.G. (2013). Effects of multi-period application of two types of composts on some chemical properties of soil and uptake of phosphorous by wheat. Int. J. Ag.: Res. and Rev., 3: 254-262.
  16. Sharma M.C., Joshi C. and Sarkar T.K. (2002). Therapeutic efficacy of minerals supplement in macro-minerals deficient buffaloes and its effect on haematobiochemical profile and production. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 15: 1278-1287.
  17. Sharma, M.C. and Joshi, C. (2004). Soil, fodder and serum micro-mineral status and haemato-biochemical profile in cattle of Garhwal region of Uttaranchal. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 74: 775–779.
  18. Sharma, M.C., Joshi, C., Gupta, S., (2003). Prevalence of mineral deficiency in soils, plants and cattle of certain districts of Uttar Predesh. Indian J. Vet. Med., 23: 4–8.
  19. Singh, V. and Bohra, B. (2005). Livestock feed resources and feeding practices in hill farming system—a review. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 75: 121-127.
  20. Tajera, R.L., Luis, G., González-Weller, D., Caballero, J.M., Gutiérrez, A.J., Rubio, C. and Hardisson, A. (2013). Metals in wheat flour; comparative study and safety control. Nutr. Hosp., 28: 506-513.
  21. Tiwary, M.K., Tiwari, D.P., Kumar, A. and Mondal, B.C. (2007). Existing feeding practices, nutrient availability and reproductive status of dairy cattle and buffaloes in Haridwar district of Uttarakhand. Anim. Nutr. Feed Tech., 7: 177-185.
  22. Udar, S.A., Chopde, S. and Dhore, R.N. (2003). Mineral profile of soil, feeds and fodder and buffaloes in western agro climatic zone of Vidarbha. Anim. Nutr. Feed Technol., 3: 165–172.
  23. Underwood, E.J. (1977). Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition. pp 302-346. Academic Press. New York, NY.
  24. Underwood, E.J. and Suttle, N.F. (1999). The Mineral Nutrition of Livestock. 3rd ed. CABI Publishing Co., New York.
  25. Yadav, P.S., Mondal, A.B. and Dahiya, D.V. (2002). Feeding pattern and mineral profile of buffalo in Panipat district of Haryana state. Anim. Nutr. Feed Tech., 2: 127-138.
  26. Yadav, R.L., Prashad, K., Gangwar, K.S. and Dwivedi, B.S. (1998). Cropping systems and resource-use efficiency. Indian J. Agric. Sci., 68: 548–558.

Global Footprints