Effects of dietary supplement of mulberry leaf (Morus alba) on growth and meat quality in rabbits

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-1006    | Article Id: B-1006 | Page : 317-321
Citation :- Effects of dietary supplement of mulberry leaf (Morus alba) on growth and meat quality in rabbits.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2020.(54):317-321
Q.R. Hou, J. Zhang, T. Chen, W.G. Zhao, L. Li houqr@163.com
Address : College of Biotechnology, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu-212 003, China.
Submitted Date : 13-06-2018
Accepted Date : 5-12-2018

Abstract

This research evaluated the effects of mulberry leaf in diet on growth and meat quality in rabbits. Five treatment diets were prepared by using a proportion of 0% (CK), 5% (ML5), 10% (ML10), 15% (ML15) and 20% (ML20) mulberry leaf powder (MLP), respectively. Results showed that average daily gain (ADG) in the ML20 group was significantly (P£ 0.05) lower than that in the CK, ML5 and ML10 treatments. Feed conversion ratio (FCR) in the ML20 treatment was significantly (P£ 0.05) higher than that in all other treatments. Most of the carcass characteristics had no significant differences among the five treatments (P>0.05), however, abdominal fat percentage in the four MLP treatments was significantly (P£ 0.05) lower than that in the CK. The L* and a* values in most of MLP treatment samples of longissimus dorsi and hind leg muscles were significantly increased, and the b* value significantly declined than those in the CK (P£ 0.05). Drip loss values in the ML10, ML15 and ML20 group were significantly (P£ 0.05) lower than those in the CK. Moisture, fat and ash contents in the higher MLP level treatments (ML15 and ML20) were significantly (P£ 0.05) lower than those in the CK. In conclusion, MLP for a certain proportion in diet (£ 15%)is greatly valuable for improvement of growth and meat appearance of rabbits, and a high proportion of MLP (e.g. ³ 20%) may impede growth of young rabbits. 

Keywords

Feed ingredient Growth performance Mulberry leaf Meat colour.

References

  1. AOAC (2000). Official methods of analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists International, 17th revised edition. Maryland, USA: Association of Official Analytical Chemists International.
  2. Bamikole, M.A., Ikhatua, M.I., Ikhatua, U.J., Ezenwa, I.V. (2005). Nutritive value of mulberry (Morus Spp.) leaves in the growing rabbits in Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 4: 231-236.
  3. Blasco, A., Ouhayoun, J., Masoero, G. (1993). Harmonization of criteria and terminology in rabbit meat research. World Rabbit Science, 4: 93-99.
  4. Deshmukh, S.V., Pathak, N.N., Takalikar, D.A, Digraskar, S.U. (1993). Nutritional effect of mulberry (Morus alba) leaves as sole ration of adult rabbits. World Rabbit Science,1: 67–69.
  5. Duncan, D.B. (1955). Multiple range and multiple F-test. Biometrics, 11:1-42.
  6. Eiben, C., Végi, B., Virág, G., Gódor-Surmann, K., Maró, A., Odermatt, M., Zsédely, E., Tóth,T., Schmidt, J. (2010). Effect of different dietary ratios of sunflower and linseed oils on growth and carcass traits of rabbits. Livestock Science, 131:15-22.
  7. Frederik, T., Thien, A.H., Ragna, V., Walter, C., Jaak, B., Fabienne, D., Jos, P., Bert, B., Yves, P., Frederik, N. (2015). Lanreotide reduces liver volume, vut might not improve muscle wasting or weight loss, in patients with symptomatic polycystic liver disease. Clin Gastroenterolo Hepatol,13: 2352-2359.
  8. Hamm, R. (1986). Functional properties of the myofibrillar system and their measurements. In: Muscle As Food a Volume in Food Science and Technology. Academic Press, Orlando: pp. 135-199
  9. He, X., Fang, J., Ruan, Y., Wang, X.ÿSun, Y., Wu, N., Zhao, Z., Chang, Y., Ning, N., Guo, H., Huang, L. (2018). Structures, bioactivities and future prospective of polysaccharides from Morus alba (white mulberry): A review. Food Chemistry, 245:899-910.
  10. Honikel, K.O. (1998). Reference methods for the assessment of physical characteristics of meat. Meat Science, 49:447-457.
  11. Huyen, N.T., Wanapat, M., Navanukraw, C. (2012). Effect of Mulberry leaf pellet (MUP) supplementation on rumen fermentation and nutrient digestibility in beef cattle fed on rice straw-based diets. Animal Feed Science Technology, 175:8-15.
  12. Kumari, R., Srivastava, S., Srivastava, R.P. (2009). Nutritional evaluation of fresh leaves of mulberry genotypes. Agricultural Science Digest, 29 : 198-201.
  13. Lee, J.J., Lee, Y.M., Jung, S.K., Kim, K.Y., Lee, M.Y. (2008). Effects of dietary mulberry leaf on loperamide-induced constipation in rats. Korean Journal of Food Preservation, 15: 280-287.
  14. Liu, J.X., Yao, J., Yan, B., Yu, J.Q., Shi, Z.Q. (2001). Effects of mulberry leaves to replace rapeseed meal on performance of sheep feeding on ammoniated rice straw diet. Small Ruminant Research, 39:131-136.
  15. Magdalena, J.S., Ewa, F., Jan, J., Zbigniew, K., Ewelina, K., Maciej, S.B. (2014). Mulberry leaf extract intake reduces hyperglycaemia in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats fed high-fat diet. Journal of Functional Foods, 8: 9-17.
  16. Martinez, M., Motta, W., Cervera, C., Pla, M. (2007). Feeding mulberry leaves to fattening rabbits: effects on growth, carcass characteristics    and meat quality. British Society Animal Science, 80: 275-280.
  17. Meena, S., Farooq, M., Satyanarayan, K., Rajeshwari, Y.B., Singh, K.C., and Mohammed, F. (1999). Nutritional evaluation of mulberry leaves in broiler rabbits. Indian Veterinary Journal, 76: 625-629.
  18. Monika, M.K. (2012). Effects of tomato powder on color, lipid oxidation and sensory properties of comminuted meat products. Journal of Food Quality, 35: 323-330.
  19. Noblet, J. and Jaguelin-Peyraud, Y. (2007). Prediction of digestibility of organic matter and energy in the growing pig from an in vitro method. Animal Feed Science Technology, 134: 211-222.
  20. Park, C.I. and Kim, Y.J. (2012).Effects of dietary supplementation of mulberry leaves powder on chicken meat quality stored during cold storage. Hangug Chugsan Sigpum Haghoeji, 32:184-189.
  21. Prasad, R., Misra, A.K., Sankhyan, S.K., Mishra, A.S., Tripathi, M.K., Karim, S.A., Jakhmola, R.C. (2003). Growth performance and caecal fermentation in growing rabbits fed on diets containing graded levels of mulberry (Morus alba) leaves. AsianAustralasian Journal of AnimalScience, 16:1309-1314.
  22. Premalatha, N., Saravanakumar, V.R., Sivakumar, K., Jagatheesan, P.N.R., Ramesh, V. (2012). Growth and carcass characteristics of Soviet Chinchilla rabbits fed mulberry and hedge lucerne leaves. Indian Journal of Small Ruminants,18: 85-89.
  23. Tan, N.D., Wanapat, M., Uriyapongson, S., Cherdthong, A., Pilajun, R. (2012). Enhancing mulberry leaf meal with urea by pelleting to improve rumen fermentation in cattle. Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Science, 25: 452-461.
  24. Uribe, T.F. and Sanchez, M.D. (2001). Mulberry for animal production Animal Production and Health series. Rome: FAO, 199-202.
  25. Watchanapong, Y., Virote, P., Pornchai, L., Srisomporn, P. (2015). Effects of using Indian mulberry leaves as feed additives on feed digestion, puminal fermentation and milk production in dairy cattle. Parkistan Journal of Nutrition, 14: 620-624.
  26. Zhou, Z.M., Zhou, B., Ren, L.P., Meng, Q.X. (2014). Effect of ensiled mulberry leaves and sun-dried mulberry fruit pomace on finishing steer growth performance, blood biochemical parameters, and carcass characteristics. PLoS One, 9: 1-7.

Global Footprints