The over all incidences of retained fetal membranes in 216 cross-bred dairy cows studied
was 42 (19.44 %). Out of 42 cows having retained fetal membranes, 15 cows (35.71 %) were
having temperature above 102.6 o F and most of these cows were showing reduced appetite to
off-feed resulting in reduced milk secretion. Out of 27 cows attempted for manual removal of
retained fetal membranes, 70.37 % could be removed on the first visit without much difficulty,
14.81 % needed 2nd visit, 11.11 % needed 3rd visit and 3.7 % needed more than three visits. Out
of the 42 cases of retained fetal membranes studied, 12 cases (28.57 %) were following abortion.