Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika, volume 37 issue 4 (december 2022) : 357-362

​​Evaluation of Botanicals Crotalaria burhia Buch-Ham and Anacardium occidentale L. against Termite Odontotermes obesus Rambur (Isoptera: Termitidae) in Wheat

M. Ranjith, D.R. Bajya, R.S. Ramya
1Regional Central Integrated Pest Management Centre, Jaivik Bhavan, Kadugodi, Bangalore-560 115, Karnataka, India.
  • Submitted18-05-2022|

  • Accepted11-11-2022|

  • First Online 23-11-2022|

  • doi 10.18805/BKAP536

Cite article:- Ranjith M., Bajya D.R., Ramya R.S. (2022). ​​Evaluation of Botanicals Crotalaria burhia Buch-Ham and Anacardium occidentale L. against Termite Odontotermes obesus Rambur (Isoptera: Termitidae) in Wheat. Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika. 37(4): 357-362. doi: 10.18805/BKAP536.
Background: In recent times, termites have gained importance in agriculture as a pest in wheat crop. Famers are using chemical pesticides for the management of termites, which eventually leads to degradation of soil, insecticide residue, pest resurgence, air pollution, water pollution and also affects human health. In this regard, botanicals as an effective alternate to insecticides in the management of termites is crucial. The root and leaf extracts of Crotalaria burhia Buch-Ham and Anacardium occidentale L. against termites was evaluated.
Methods: Field experiments were conducted to assess the efficacy of botanicals viz., Crotalaria burhia Buch-Ham and Anacardium occidentale L. along with Indigenous technologies, biofungicide and standard chemicals against Odontotermes obesus Rambur in wheat. An experiment was laid at the Research Farm, Institute of Pesticide Formulation Technology, Gurgaon, Haryana during two seasons, i.e., November 2014-March 2015 and during December 2015-April 2016. 
Result: The test botanicals incorporated along with indigenous technologies and widely recommended termiticides assessed for their efficacy against O. obesus in wheat at two locations proved to be effective in the order of imidacloprid 17.8 SL at 350 ml ha-1> chlorpyrifos 20 EC at 2 l ha-1 > B. bassiana 2x108 at 500 ml ha-1 > C. burhia root extract (10%) at 50 l ha-1 > A. occidentale leaf dust (5%) at 25 kg ha-1 > irrigating plots > neem oil (2%) > dusting salt at 25 kg ha-1.

  1. Ahmed, M.A.I., Eraky, S.A. Fakeer, M. and Soliman, A.S. (2014). Toxicity assessment of selected neonicotinoid pesticides against the sand termite, Psammotermes hypostoma Desneux workers (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) under laboratory conditions. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 8(9): 238-240. 

  2. Ahmed, M.A.I., Eraky, E.S.A., Mohamed, M.F. and Soliman, A.A.S. (2015). Potential toxicity assessment of novel selected pesticides against sand termite, Psammotermes hypostoma Desneux workers (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) under field conditions in Egypt. Journal of Plant Protection Research. 55(2): 193-197.

  3. Annis, B. (1991). Comparison of the effectiveness of two deet formulations against Aedes albopictus in Philipines. Journal of American Mosquito Control Association. 7: 543.

  4. Asogwa, E.U., Mokwunge, I.U., Yahaya, L.E. and Ajao, A.A. (2007). Evaluation of cashew nut shell liquid (CSNL) as a potential natural insecticide against termites (Soldiers and workers castes). Research Journal of Applied Science. 2(9): 939-942.

  5. Birkinshaw, C.R. and Colquhoun, I.C. (1998). Pollination of Ravenala  madagascariensis and Parkia madagascariensis by Eulemur macaco in Madagascar. Folia Primatologica. 69: 252-259.

  6. Bose, G. and Das, B.C. (1982). Termite fauna of Orissa state, Eastern Indian Records of Zoological Survey of India. 80: 197-213.

  7. Chhillar, B.S., Saini, R.K. and Roshanlal, K. (2006). Emerging 

  8. Geddes, A.M.W. and Iles, M. (1991). The relative importance of crop pests in South Asia. Natural Resource Institute (NRI Bulletin No. 39) Chatham, Maritime Kent, UK. 111 pp.

  9. Gomez, R.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. Wiley International Science Publication, John Wiley and Sons, New Delhi. 680p.

  10. Grace, J.K. and Abdally, A. (1990). Termiticidal activity of boron dusts (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Journal of Applied Entomology. 109: 283-288.

  11. Hassan, B., Ahmed, S. and Ejaz, M.A. (2018). Persistency of chlorpyrifos and termiban (imidacloprid) in soil against subterranean termites. Journal of Entomological and Acarological Research. 50(2): 1-5.

  12. Ileke, K.D. and Olotuah, O.F. (2012). Bioactivity of Anacardium occidentale (L) and Allium sativum (L) powders and oils extracts against cowpea bruchid, Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). International Journal of Biology. 4(1): 96-103. 

  13. Kang, H.Y., Matsushima, N., Sameshima, K. and Takamura, N. (1990). Termite resistance tests of hardwoods of kochi growth: The strong termiticidal activity kagonoki (Litsea coreana Leveille). Mokuzai Gakkaishi. 36: 78-84.

  14. Kataria, S., Shrivastava, B., Khujuria, R.K., Suri, K.A. and Sharma, P. (2011). Antimicrobial activity of Crotalaria burhia Buch. Ham. root. Indian Journal of Natural Product and Resources.  4(1): 481-484.

  15. Mahapatro, G.K., Das, T.K., Mukherjee, I. and Gajbhiye, V.T. (2013). Biorational termite management in wheat agrosystem. Indian Journal of Entomology. 75(4): 336-361.

  16. Mann, R.S., Kaufman, P.E. (2012). Natural Product Pesticides: Their Development, Delivery and Use against Insect Vectors. Mini- Reviews in Organic Chemistry. 9: 185-202. 

  17. Mason, J.M., Matthews, G.A. and Wright, D.J. (1998). Appraisal of spinning  disc technology for the application of entomopathogenic  nematodes. Crop Protection. 17: 453-461.

  18. MoA and FW. Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government  of India [Internet]. 2018. Available from: https://eands. 18-Eng.pdf 

  19. Osipitami, A.A. and Oseyemi, A.E. (2012). Evaluation of the Bio- insecticidal potential of some tropical plant extracts against termites (Termitidae-Isoptera) in Ogun state, Nigeria. Journal of Entomology. 9: 257-265.

  20. Ranjith, M., Bajya, D.R. and Manoharan, T. (2015). Field study on repellent efficacy of Crotalaria burhia (Buch-Ham) ex. Benth. and Anacardium occidentale (L.) against Odontotermes  obesus Rambur. Indian Journal of Natural Product Resources. 6(4): 288-292

  21. Ranjith, M., Bajya, D.R., Manoharan, T., Sridharan, S. and Kuttalam, S. (2015). Repellent efficacy of Crotalaria burhia and Anacardium occidentale against Odontotermes obesus (Isoptera: Termitidae) under laboratory conditions. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 85(9): 1234-6.

  22. Ranjith, M., Deotale, V., Bajya, D.R., Manoharan, T. and Gajalakshmi,  M. (2017). Evaluation of termiticidal activity and phytochemical  analysis of Crotalaria burhia (Buch-Ham) and Anacardium occidentale (L.). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phyto- chemistry. 6(2): 172-176.

  23. Ranjith, M., Bajya, D.R., Manoharan, T. and Ramya, R.S. (2018). Biodiversity of insect pests and natural enemies afûliated with wheat (Triticum aestivum) ecosystem in Haryana. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 88(1): 157-158.

  24. Sattar, A. and Salihah, Z. (2001). Detection and Control of Subterranean Termites. In: Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture (Ed.).Proceedings of Natural Workshop. 24-26 Sep. 2001. NIAB, Faisalabad, Pakistan. pp. 195-198. 

  25. Sendhil, R., Kumar, T.M.K. and Singh, G.P. (2019). Wheat Production  in India: Trends and Prospects, Recent Advances in Grain Crops Research, Intech Open. DOI: 10.5772/intechopen. 86341. 

  26. Singh, V.S. (1998). Pest management in wheat. Indian Farming. 1(48): 47-50.

  27. Tripathi, K.A., Upadhayay, S., Bhuiyan, M., Bhattacharya, P.R. (2009). A review on prospects of essential oils as biopesticide in insect-pest management. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy. 1(5): 52-63. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)