Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika, volume 37 issue 2 (june 2022) : 133-136

Arsenic Contamination and Their Effects on Leguminous Crops and Consumers: A Review

S.K. Ghritlahre, Archana Singh
1ICAR-Indian Institute of Pulses Research-Regional Centre, Phanda, Bhopal-462 030, Madhya Pradesh, India.
  • Submitted23-03-2022|

  • Accepted17-05-2022|

  • First Online 28-05-2022|

  • doi 10.18805/BKAP496

Cite article:- Ghritlahre S.K., Singh Archana (2022). Arsenic Contamination and Their Effects on Leguminous Crops and Consumers: A Review. Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika. 37(2): 133-136. doi: 10.18805/BKAP496.
Arsenic is harmful to most plants in high concentration as it interferes in metabolic activities and inhibits plant growth and reproduction process by arsenic induced phytotoxocity. It is a cancer inducing metalloid released into environment by both natural as well as anthropogenic activities. It also affects the leguminous crops like lentil and chickpea which is widely grown in these arsenic affected regions of West Bengal in India and in Bangladesh. However, a little is known about the arsenic accumulation on these crops when these crops are grown in the arsenic contaminated soils. Indo-Gangetic and Bramhaputra regions is one of the most arsenic contaminated points in the world and needs sustainable approach to control and  avert their harmful effects on the crop plants, animals and human beings.

  1. Alam, M.Z., Hoque, M.A., Ahammed, G.J., McGee, R. and Carpenter- Boggs, L. (2019). Arsenic accumulation in lentil (Lens culinaris) genotypes and risk associated with the consumption of grains, Scientific Reports. 9: 9431. | 10.1038/s41598-019-45855-z.

  2. Banerjee, M., Banergee, N., Bhattacharjee, P. Mondal, D., Lythgoe, P.R., Martínez, M., Pan, J., Polya, D.A. and Giri, A.K. (2013). High arsenic in rice is associated with elevated genotoxic effects in humans. Sci. Rep. 3: 2195. 10.1038/srep02195.

  3. Bhattacharya, P., Samal, A.C., Majumdar, J., Santra, S.C. (2009). Accumulation of arsenic and its distribution in rice plant (Oryza sativa L.) in Gangetic West Bengal, India. Paddy and Water Environment. doi: 10.1007/s10333-009-0180-z.

  4. Chakraborty, D., Rahaman, M.M., Paul, K., Chowdhury, U.K., Sengupta, M.K., Lodh, D. (2002). Arsenic calamity in the Indian subcontinent what lessons has been learnt? Talanta. 58: 3-22.

  5. Chakraborty, D., Sengupta, M.K., Rahman, M.M., Ahmed, S., Choudhury, U.K., Hossain, M.A. (2004). Groundwater arsenic contamination and its health effects in the Ganga- Meghna-Brahmaputra plain. Journal of Environmental Monitoring. 6: 74-83.

  6. FAO, (2010). Faostat, Fao Statistical Database,

  7. FAO, (1985). Water quality guidelines for maximum crop production. Food and Agricultural Organization/UN. docrep/T0551E.2006/9/13.

  8. International Atomic Energy Agency, (2002). Arsenic Contamination of Groundwater in Bangladesh, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna.

  9. Islam, M.S. and Islam, F. (2019). Arsenic contamination in groundwater in Bangladesh: An Environmental and Social Disaster, groundwater-bangladesh-environmental-and-social-disaster.

  10. Jahid, A. Malik, Goel, S., Sandhir, R. and Nayyar, H. (2011). Uptake and distribution of arsenic in chickpea: Effects on seed yield and seed composition. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 42(14): 1728-1738. DOI: 10.1080/ 00103624.2011.584593.

  11. Mondal, B.K. and Suzuki, K.T. (2002). Arsenic round the world: A review. Talanta. 58: 201-35. 

  12. Mudryj, A.N., Yu, N. and Aukema, H.M. (2014). Nutritional and health benefits of pulses. Appl. Physiol. Nutr. Metab. 39: 1197-1204.

  13. Nickson, R.T., McArthur, M., Ravenscroft, P., Burgess, W.G. and Ahmed, K.M. (2000). Mechanism of arsenic release to groundwater, Bangladesh and West Bengal. Applied Geochemistry. 15: 403-413.

  14. Pal, A., Nayak, B., Das, B., Hossain, M.A., Ahmed, S. and Chakraborty, D. (2007). Additional danger of arsenic exposure through inhalation from burning of cow dung cake laced with arsenic as a fuel in arsenic affected villages in Ganga-Meghna- Brahmaputra plain. Journal of Environmental Monitoring. 9: 1067-1070.

  15. Rahaman, S., Sinha, A.C., Pati, R. and Mukhopadhyay, D. (2013). Arsenic contamination: a potential hazard to the affected areas of West Bengal, India. Environ. Geochem. Health. 35: 119-132. doi: 10.1007/s10653-012-9460-4.

  16. Samal, A.C. (2005). An investigation on Accumulation of Arsenic in Ecosystem of Gangetic West Bengal and Assessment of Potential Health Risk, Ph. D. Thesis, University of Kalyani, West Bengal, India.

  17. Shamim, M.Z. and Pandey, A. (2019). Simultaneous selection model based evaluation of arsenic tolerance in black gram (Vigna mungo L.) using morphological parameters, Legume Research. 42(3): 314-319.  

  18. World Health Organization, (1999). Arsenic in Drinking Water, Fact Sheet No. 210.

Editorial Board

View all (0)