Agricultural Reviews

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Agricultural Reviews, volume 43 issue 2 (june 2022) : 217-222

Status of Rice Brown Spot (Helminthosporium oryza) Management in India: A Review

M. Surendhar, Y. Anbuselvam, J. Johnny Subakar Ivin
1Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Chidambaram-608 002, Tamil Nadu, India.
Cite article:- Surendhar M., Anbuselvam Y., Ivin Subakar Johnny J. (2022). Status of Rice Brown Spot (Helminthosporium oryza) Management in India: A Review. Agricultural Reviews. 43(2): 217-222. doi: 10.18805/ag.R-2111.
Rice is one of the most widely consumed staple food for more than half of the population in the world. Brown spot caused by Helminthosporium oryzae accounts for 5% yield loss worldwide annually. Adversely affected fields show yield loss as high as 45%. The present study focuses on the several management aspects that are currently used to curb out the disease incidence and measures to be taken in near future for designing effective disease management protocol. The disease is of historic significance and a devasting outbroke in the Bengal Province during 1943 ended as the Great Bengal Famine resulting in starvation and an estimated demise of 2.1 to 3 million people. Brown spot is still devastating on looking the present scenario of damage to rice. Different approaches have been adopted ranging from the use of brown spot resistant rice cultivars, chemical ameliorations and biological control measures for the management of the disease. But, still the disease seems to be chronic and adverse in the current scenario. In this review, we have highlighted epidemiology, control measures practiced and several quantitative and qualitative gaps with respect to disease management, which if rectified, would lead to a strong impact on crop disease control and the sustainable Rice production that are pertinent to the present situation of farmers.
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