Agricultural Reviews

  • Chief EditorPradeep K. Sharma

  • Print ISSN 0253-1496

  • Online ISSN 0976-0741

  • NAAS Rating 4.84

Frequency :
Quarterly (March, June, September & December)
Indexing Services :
AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Agricultural Reviews, volume 41 issue 3 (september 2020) : 264-271

Pulses in Rice Fallow: A Way towards Achieving Nutritional Security: A Review

Md. Riton Chowdhury, Subhaprada Dash, Koushik Sar, J.M.L. Gulati
1Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar-751 029, Odisha, India.
Cite article:- Chowdhury Riton Md., Dash Subhaprada, Sar Koushik, Gulati J.M.L. (2020). Pulses in Rice Fallow: A Way towards Achieving Nutritional Security: A Review. Agricultural Reviews. 41(3): 264-271. doi: 10.18805/ag.R-2013.
Rice is the most important staple food crop of our country. Due to climatic condition and geographical situation our country is the most important rice growing country of the whole world. It is mostly grown during kharif season, but interestingly around 11.7 M ha of land remains fallow after kharif rice were harvested due to several limitations. Efficient utilization of these fallow land may increase the productivity and make the whole system sustainable. Soil condition and climatic situation clearly suggest that short duration crop can easily be fit in that situation. Pulse takes an important position in human’s daily life. It not only providing high quality protein but also benefit the cropping system in several ways. The resources present in the rice fallows clearly giving an opportunity to introduce different pulse crop there. It will surely be an excellent inclusion. If the location specific constraints are been managed efficiently then those unutilized lands can be efficiently converted into productive one. It will not only increase the production of the system but also strengthen the economic condition of the farmers, improve the soil condition and more over it will ensure nutritional security of the people of our country. 
  1. Adarsh, S., Jacob, J. and Giffy, T. (2019). Role of pulses in cropping system: A review. Agricultural Review. 40(3). 185-191.
  2. Ali, M. andand Venkatesh, M.S. (2009). Pulses in improving soil health. Indian Farming. 58(11):18-22.
  3. Ali, M., Ghosh, P.K., Hazra, K.K. (2014). Resource conservation technologies in rice fallow. (In) Resource Conservation Technology in Pulses, [Ghosh P K, Kumar N, Venkatesh M S, Hazra K K, Nadarajan N. (Eds)]. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. pp. 83-88.
  4. Annual report DAP (2016-17). Directorate of Pulse development. Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. Govt of India. pp-46.
  5. Anonymous. (2018). Pulses Revolution from Food to Nutritional Security. (2018). Govt. of India
  6. Bhowmick, M.K., Aich, A., Aich, S.S., Shrivastava, M.P., Gupta, S., Man, G.C. (2005). Crop diversification through paira (utera) cropping with rabi pulses. SATSA Mukhapatra-Annal Technology. 9: 43-60
  7. Bhowmick, M.K., Dhara, M.C., Duary, B., Biswas, P.K., Bhattacharyya, P. (2014). Improvement of lathyrus productivity through seed priming and foliar nutrition under rice–utera system. Journal of Crop and Weed. 10: 277-80.
  8. Choudhary, A.K., Raje, R.S., Datta, S., Sultana. R., Ontagodi. T. (2013). Conventional and molecular approaches towards genetic improvement in pigeon pea for insects resistance. American Journal of Plant Sciences. 4: 372-385
  9. Chowdhury, Md. R. (2015). Nutrient management through combined use of organic, inorganic and biological sources under rice-onion-greengram crop sequence. Ph.D. Thesis, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia, West Bengal.
  10. Das, A., Lal, R., Patel, D.P., Ramkrushna, G.I., Layek, J., Ngachan, S.V., Ghosh, P.K., Bordoloi, J., Kumar, M. (2014). Effects of tillage and biomass on soil quality and productivity of lowland rice cultivation by small scale farmers in North Eastern India. Soil and Tillage Research. 143: 50-58.
  11. FAO News (2016). Nutritional benefits of Pulses.    pulses2016e
  12. Ghosh, P.K., Das, A., Saha, R., Enboklang, K., Tripathi, A.K., Munda, G.C., Ngachan, S.V. (2010). Conservation agriculture towards achieving food security in North East India. Current Science. 99: 915-921.
  13. Joshi, P.K., Birthal. P.S., Bourai, V.A. (2002). Socio-economic constraints and opportunities in rainfed rabi cropping in rice fallow areas of India. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, pp58.
  14. Kar, G. and Kumar, A. (2009). Evaluation of post-rainy season crops with residual soil moisture and different tillage methods in rice–fallow of eastern India. Agricultural Water Management. 96: 931-938
  15. Kumar, N., Hazra, K.K., Singh, S., Nadrajan. N. (2016). Constrains and prospects of growing pulses in rice fallows of India. Indian Farming. 66(6): 13-16.
  16. Kumar, N., Yadav, A., Singh, S., Yadav, S.L. (2018a). Growing pulses in rice fallow: Ensuring nutritional security in India. In: Conservation Agriculture for Advancing Food Security in Changing Climate. 1: 107-122
  17. Kumar, R., Mishra, J.S., Rao, K.K., Kumar, R., Singh, S.K., Bhatt, B.P. (2018b). Evaluation of crop establishment techniques in rice fallows of Eastern Indo–Gangetic Plains. Paper presented in the National Conference on “Organic Waste Management for Food and Environmental Security” during 8-10th February 2018; Jointly Organized by ICAR–Indian Institute of Soil Science and Bhopal Chapter of Indian Society of Soil Science, Bhopal at Nabibagh, Berasia Road, Bhopal 462 038 (M.P.), pp 26.
  18. Kumar, R., Mishra, J.S., Upadhaya, P.K. and Hans. H. (2019). Rrice fallow in eastern India: Problems and prospects. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 89 (4): 567-77. 
  19. Mishra, J.S. and Kumar, R. (2018). Zero tillage options of pulses in rice-based cropping system. Farm Mechanization for Production. [Khare D, Nahatkar S B, Shrivastava, A K. Jha (Eds)]. A K. Scientific Publishers, India, New Delhi. Pp: 122-136
  20. Mishra, J.S., Kumar, R., Kumar, R., Rao, K.K., Singh, S.K., Idris, M., Jha, B.K., Naik, S.K., Mali, S.S., Bhatt, B.P. (2016). Evaluation of pulses and oilseed under different crop establishment methods in rice-fallows of Eastern India. Extended Summaries Vol.2. 4th International Agronomy Congress, Nov.22–26, 2016, New Delhi, India, pp 1272-1274.
  21. Padmaja, R., Soumitra, P., Bantilan, M.C.S. (2016). Role of Pulses in Enhancing Nutritional Status of Rural Poor: Micro-Level Evidence from Semi-Arid Tropics of India. Agricultural Economics Research Review. (29): 65-74.
  22. Praharaj, C.S., Ummed Singh, U., S.S. Singh, S.S. and N. Kumar, N. (2017). Micro-irrigation in rainfed pigeonpea-Upscaling productivity under Eastern Gangetic Plains with suitable land configuration, population management and supplementary fertigation at critical stages. Current Science. 112(1): 95-107.
  23. Praharaj, C.S., Singh, U., Singh, S.S., Shivay, S.Y. (2016). Supplementary and life-saving irrigation for enhancing pulses production, productivity and water use efficiency in India. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 61(4th IAC Special issue): S249-S261.
  24. Sharma, A.R., Singh, R., Dhyani, S.K. (2005). Conservation tillage and mulching for optimizing productivity in maize-wheat cropping system in outer western Himalaya region – a review. Indian Journal of Soil Conservation. 33: 35-41.
  25. Singh, K.K., Ali, M., Venkatesh, M.S. (2009). Pulses in Cropping Systems. Technical Bulletin, IIPR, Kanpur.
  26. Singh, N.P., Praharaj, C.S., Sandhu, J.S. (2016). Utilizing untapped potential of rice fallow of East and North-east India through pulse production. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. 76(4): 388-398.
  27. Singh, S.S., Kumar Narendra, Praharaj, C.S., Singh, N.P. (2017). Agro-technologies for enhancing pulses production in rice fallows. ICAR-Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, (India). pp 36. 
  28. Subbarao, G.V., Kumar Rao, J.V.D.K., Kumar, J., Johansen, C., Deb, U.K., Ahmed, I., Krishna, M.N., Venkataratnam, L., Hebbar, K.R., Sesha Sai, M.V.R., Harris, D. (2001). Spatial distribution and quantification of rice-fallows in South Asia-potential for legumes. Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi- Arid Tropics. Pp 316. 
  29. Tewari, A.K. and Shivhare, A.K. (2017). Pulses in India: Retrospect and prospects. Govt of India, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers welfare.

Editorial Board

View all (0)