Agricultural Reviews

  • Chief EditorPradeep K. Sharma

  • Print ISSN 0253-1496

  • Online ISSN 0976-0741

  • NAAS Rating 4.84

Frequency :
Quarterly (March, June, September & December)
Indexing Services :
AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Agricultural Reviews, volume 42 issue 3 (september 2021) : 308-314

Effect of Critical Period of Weed Competition and Its Management Option in Sweet Corn [Zea mays (L.) var. saccharata strut] Production: A Review

Arebu Hussen
1Department of Plant Science, Mekdela Amba University, South Wollo, Ethiopia. 
Cite article:- Hussen Arebu (2021). Effect of Critical Period of Weed Competition and Its Management Option in Sweet Corn [Zea mays (L.) var. saccharata strut] Production: A Review. Agricultural Reviews. 42(3): 308-314. doi: 10.18805/ag.R-189.
Sweet corn [Zea mays (L.) var. saccharata strut] is the most important variety of maize with high sugar content. It contains a glossy sweetish endosperm and primarily grown for human food. It requires moderately high temperature from 22oC up to 33oC, high light intensity and adequate and well distributed rainfall of not less than 200mm during growing season. It can be grown on the wide range of soils. However, it performs best on neutral, well drained, well aerated and moderately heavy, deep fertile soils. Sweet corn is not so much competing with weeds like other crops. Avoid the influence of weed competition on the growth and development of sweet corn produce maximum yield and the economic importance of sweet corn used for conception and health benefits. By so far it is good in health and as medicinal uses it should be managed without affecting by weeds. The weed management option properly controls by the method of mechanical, biological, chemical and integrated weed management. In general, it is significant that properly controlling critical period weed competition in sweet corn reducing the competition of light, water, nutrient and space and maximizing the yield of sweet corn.
  1. AK Jha PS, Shrivastava A. (2013). Effect of integrated weed management on seed yield of fodder maize. Indian J. of Weed Sci. 45(3): 214-216.
  2. Bystro, J.P., N. de Leon and W.F. Tracy, (2012). Analysis of traits related to weed competitiveness in sweet corn (Zea mays L.) Sustainability 4:543-560
  3. Cerrudo, D., Page, E.R., Tollenaar, M., Stewart, G., Swanton, C.J., (2012). Mechanisms of Yield Loss in Maize Caused by Weed Competition. Weed Science. 60(2): 225-232.
  4. Chauhan, B.S. and Johnson, D.E., (2011). Row spacing and weed control timing affect yield of aerobic rice. Field Crop Res. 121(2): 226-232.
  5. Cox, W.J., Hahn, R.R. and Stachowski, P.J. (2006). Time of weed removal with glyphosate affects corn growth and yield components. Agron. J. 98: 349-353.
  6. CSA, (2013). Agricultural Sample Survey 2012/2013: Report on area and production of majorcrops (private, peasant holdings, ‘Meher’ season). Statistical Bulletin. Vol.1, Addis Ababa:CSA.
  7. Dechasa, L.O. (2010). Critical weed competition in sweet corn (Zea mays). Authority of Ethiopia, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia. 15-30.
  8. Dowds, B.C.A., Peters, A. (2002). Virulence mechanisms. In: Guagler, R., (Ed.) Entomopathogenic Nematology CABI, Wallingford, UK, pp 79-98.
  9. FAOSTAT, (2010). Statistical databases and data sets of the Food and Agriculture Organizationof the United Nations. Online publication.
  10. Found Williams, R.J. (2002). Weed competition. In weed management hand book. Origin of African plant Domestication. Mouton, The Hahue. pp.636
  11. Gallandt, E.R. (2006). How can we target the weed seedbank? Weed Science. 54: 588-596. 
  12. Ghanizadeh, H., Lorzadeh, S. and Arriania, N. (2009). Critical Period for Weed Control in Corn in South-West of Iran. Asian Journal of Agricultural Research. 4(2): 80-86.
  13. Gul, B., Marwat, K.B., Saeed, M.D., Hussain, Z., Ali, H. (2011). Impact of tillage, plant population and mulches on weed management and grain yield of maize. Pak. J. Bot. 43(3): 1603-1606.
  14. Hendrix, B.J., B.G. Young and S.K. Chong, (2004). Weed management in strip tillage corn. Agronomy Journal. 96: pp 229-235. 
  15. Hobbs, P.R. (2007). Conservation agriculture: what is it and why is it important for future sustainable food production? Journal of Agricultural Science. 145: 127-13 
  16. Isik, D., H. Mannan, B. Bukan, A. Oz and M. Ngauajiro, (2006). The critical period for weed control in corn in Turkey. Weed Technology 20:867-872. 
  17. Jean du Plessis, (2003). Maize production. Department: Agriculture Republic of South Africa.
  18. Johnson, H.J., Colquhoun, J.B., Bussan, A.J. and Rittmeyer, R.A., (2010). Feasibility of organic weed management in sweet corn and snap bean for processing. Weed Tech. 24(4): 544-550.
  19. Kennedy, G.G. (2008). Integration of insect genetically modified crops with IPM programs. In: Romeis, J., Shelton A.M., Kennedy G.G., (Eds.), Integration of insect genetically modified crops with IPM programs. Springer Dordrecht, The Netherland. 1-26.
  20. Khatam, A., Khan, M.Z., Nawab, K., Mian, I.A., Ahmad, W., (2013). Effect of various herbicides and manual control yield, yield components and weeds of maize. Pak. J. Weed Sci. Res. 19(2): pp 209-216.
  21. Knezevic, S.Z. and Datta, A., (2015). The critical period for weed control: Revisiting data analysis. Weed Sci. Special Issue: 188-202.
  22. Knezevic, S.Z, S.P. Evan, E.E. Blankenship, R.C. van acker and J.L. Lindquist., (2002). Critical period of weed control: the concept and analysis. Weed Sci. 50: pp 773-777.
  23. Larsson, S.C., Giovannucci, E., Bergkvist, L. and Wolk, A., (2005). Whole grain consumption and risk of colorectal cancer: a population-based cohort of 60 000 women. British Journal of Cancer. 92(9): p.1803.
  24. Mahmoodi, S. and A, Rahimi, (2009). Estimation of critical for weed control in corn in Iran world Acad. Sci. Eng. Technol. 49: pp 67-72.
  25. Marton, C.L., Kalman L., Arendas T., Bonis P. and Szieberth D. (2007). Comparison of some methods for estimating vegetation periods in maize. Acta Agronomica Hungarica, Vol. 55 No. 1 pp 1-5.
  26. Mima Nedelcovych and David Shiferaw, (2012). Private sector perspectives for strengthening agribusiness value chains in Africa. Case studies from Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya and Mali.
  27. Moechnig, M.J., Boerdoom, C.M., Stoltenberg, D.E. and Binning, L.K. (2003a). Growth interaction in communities of common lambs’ quarters (Chenopodium album), giant foxtail (Setaria faberi) and corn. Weed Sci. 51: 363-370.
  28. Mohler, C.L., J.C. Frisch and C.E. McCulloch, (2006). Vertical movement of weed seed surrogates by tillage implements and natural processes. Soil and Tillage Research. 86: 110-122. 
  29. Murphy, S.D., D.R. Clements, S. Belaoussoff, P.G. Kevan and C.J. Swanton. (2006). Promotion of weed species diversity and reduction of weed seedbanks with conservation tillage and crop rotation. Weed Science. 54: pp 69-77. 
  30. Najeeb, S. Bertolini, E., Olmos, A., Caruso, P., (2011). Popularization of sweet corn (Zea mays L. saccharata) under temperate conditions to boost the socioeconomic conditions. Maize Genetics Cooperation Newsletter. 85: pp 54-59.
  31. Olawale and Tontsa, (2015). Maize Lethal Necrosis (MLN) disease in Kenya and Tanzania:Facts and actions. CIMMYT- KARI.
  32. Rajcan, I. and C.J. Swanton, (2001). Understanding of maize weed competition. Resource competition, light quality and the whole plants Field Crop Res. 71: 139-150.
  33. Ranum, P., Peña Rosas, J.P. and Garcia Casal, M.N. (2014). Global maize production, utilization and consumption. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1312(1): 105-112.
  34. Rosegrant, M.W., Msangi, S., Ringler, C., Sulser, T.B., Zhu, T. and Cline, S.A. (2008). International Model for Policy Analysis of Agricultural Commodities and Trade (IMPACT): Model Description. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, D.C.
  35. Shantveerayya, H., Agasimani, C.A. (2012). Effect of herbicides on weed control and productivity of maize (Zea mays L.). Karnataka J. Agric. Sci. 25(1): pp 137-139.
  36. Sheibany, K., Baghestani, M.A. and Atri, A. (2009). Competitive effects of redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus) on growth indices and yield of corn. Weed Biol. Manag. 9: 152-159.
  37. Steven Naveed, M. Aslam, M.A. Maqbool, S. Bano, Q.U. Zaman and R.M. Ahmad, (2014). Physiology of high temperature stress tolerance atreproductive stages in maize. Journal of Animal and Plant Science 24(4): 1141-1145.
  38. Sulewska, H., W. Koziara, K. Smiatacz, G. Szymanska and K. Panasiewicz. (2012). Efficacy of selected herbicides in weed control of corn. Fragmenta Agronomica. 29:144-151.
  39. Swanton Clarence, J., Kris, J. Mahoney, Kevin Chandler and Robert H. Gulden (2008). Integrated Weed Management: Knowledge-Based Weed Management Systems. Weed Science. Vol. 56, No. 1, pp. 168-172. Published By: Cambridge University Press.
  40. Tefera Abu, Meng Ruifa, Hu Xiaohua Shi and Shihuang Zhang, (2014). Maize in China: Production Systems, Constraints and Research Priorities. CIMMYT.
  41. Thomas Tworkoski. (2002). Herbicide effects of essential oil. Weed Science. 50(4): 425-431. 
  42. Vahedi, A., Z. Bakhshi, R. Fakhari and H.R. Vahidipour, (2013). Evaluation of competitiveness of corn and pigweed in nitrogen levels under pigweed densities by corn yield converse relations. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences. 5: 1442-1444.
  43. Walker, S. (2013). Home and market garden sweet corn production (Revised paper, Original author: George W. Dickerson, former Extension Horticulture Specialist). Cooperative Extension Service College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences, New Mexico State University. 
  44. Williams Martin M. (2006). Planting date influences critical period of weed control in sweet corn. vol 54, p 928. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)