Agricultural Reviews

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Agricultural Reviews, volume 39 issue 3 (september 2018) : 210-217

Urdbean web blight and its management strategies- A review

Santosh Kumar, Amarendra Kumar, H. S. Tripathi
1Department of Plant Pathology, Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour-813 210, Bhagalpur, Bihar, India.
Cite article:- Kumar Santosh, Kumar Amarendra, Tripathi S. H. (2018). Urdbean web blight and its management strategies- A review. Agricultural Reviews. 39(3): 210-217. doi: 10.18805/ag.R-1750.
The production and productivity of urdbean ranks lower in India as compared to the that of world average due to the biotic and abiotic constraints. Web blight of Urdbean is caused by Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn and is a soil borne pathogen and initial inoculums come mainly from soil splashes which fall on leaves during heavy rains. Respective optimum temperature and relative humidity i.e. 26–28oC and 90–100% favours disease development chronically. The pathogen can survive very longer in the absence of a host either as sclerotia or thick walled brown hyphae in plants debris. Currently the disease is prevalent in many countries across the globe. The pathogen is highly variable in terms of its pathogenicity, culture, morphology, biochemical and molecular characteristics. The severity of this disease is directly linked with the population of viable sclerotia in the soil. Yield losses due to this disease vary in between 20-30% depending upon prevailing conditions.
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